Brahma-muhurta, aka: Brāhma-muhūrta, Brahma-muhūrta, Brahman-muhurta; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Brahma-muhurta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Brahma-muhurta in Purana glossaries]

Brāhmamuhūrta (ब्राह्ममुहूर्त).—The period of forty-eight minutes before the sunrise is called Brāhmamuhūrta. The deity of this period is Brahmā. In Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 155, it is instructed that one should wake up at this period and engage in prayer and meditation.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of brahma-muhurta or brahmamuhurta in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[Brahma-muhurta in Hinduism glossaries]

Brahma-muhūrta (ब्रह्म-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used in ancient India during Vedic times. Brahma means “universe” and muhūrta means “division of time”, in this case, a 30th part of a day. This is the twenty-ninth muhūrta of a day.

The specific time range this day-part refers to is 04:24–05:12 and has Very Auspicious qualities.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

The brāhma-muhūrta hour is the most important time in the day, and you want to be awake for good chanting. If you’re heavy-lidded, there’s not much you can do but wash your face, grit your teeth, and do the best you can do. Don’t give in to sleepiness. The regulated life of a full night’s sleep is important. Conversing before your japa uses up energy and is a distraction and shouldn’t be indulged in. Get right down to business as soon as you get up. Call to Kṛṣṇa for help, and He will help you stay awake. Keeping up a good speed is also helpful. Gradually, you gain your wakefulness and take advantage of it. Harināma deserves your best effort.

The brāhma-muhūrta hour is recommended as the best time for spiritual duties. Devotees who have fulltime jobs should try to make the sacrifice of going to bed early at night so they can get up early. But it may be that they cannot do it because they get tired later on the job. Still, the earlier, the better. Little children and the wife may still be asleep, and you have a clear stretch to be alone with Nāma Prabhu. Or husband and wife can both make a pact and be up early for the sacred yajña.

(Source): Google Books: Japa Transformations

Brahmā-muhūrta consists of 2 muhūrta (48 min x 2 = 96 min) before sunrise; some count it as 4 ghaṭīkā, yet the overall time still = 96 min. Note this period of brahmā-muhūrta is made of 2 muhūrtas . One is brahmā and the other is samudram (or samudraḥ pending its grammatical use). This word means ocean, the aerial waters ( the “ocean” of the sky).

(Source): Hindu Dharma Forums: great (profound) questions...

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Brahma-muhurta in Sanskrit glossaries]

Brahmamuhūrta (ब्रह्ममुहूर्त).—a particular hour of the day.

Derivable forms: brahmamuhūrtaḥ (ब्रह्ममुहूर्तः).

Brahmamuhūrta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms brahman and muhūrta (मुहूर्त).

--- OR ---

Brāhmamuhūrta (ब्राह्ममुहूर्त).—a particular period of the day, the early part of the day (rātreśca paścime yāme muhūrto brāhma ucyate); cf. ब्राह्मे मुहूर्ते किल तस्य देवी कुमारकल्पं सुषुवे कुमारम् (brāhme muhūrte kila tasya devī kumārakalpaṃ suṣuve kumāram) R.5.36; ब्राह्मे मुहूर्ते बुध्येत (brāhme muhūrte budhyeta) Ms.4.92.

Derivable forms: brāhmamuhūrtaḥ (ब्राह्ममुहूर्तः).

Brāhmamuhūrta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms brāhma and muhūrta (मुहूर्त).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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