Akshana, aka: Akṣaṇa; 3 Definition(s)


Akshana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Akṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Aksana or Akshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Akṣaṇa (अक्षण) (Pāli, akkhaṇa) refers to “eight difficult conditions” according to the Chinese translation of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—There are eight (occasionally nine) akṣaṇa: belonging to one of the bad destinies, i.e., damned (naraka), animal (tiryagoni) or preta; being a human, one is lacking an organ, is plunged into wrong views, is living before or after the Buddha, or living in a border region; if one is a god, belonging to the class of the long-lived gods.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of akshana or aksana in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

Akṣaṇa (अक्षण, “inopportune”) refers to the “eight inopportune births” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 134):

  1. narakopapatti (rebirth in hell),
  2. tiryag-upapatti (rebirth in the animal kingdom),
  3. yama-lokopapatti (rebirth in Yama’s world),
  4. pratyanta-janapadopapatti (rebirth in the border regions),
  5. dīrghāyuṣa-devopapatti (rebirth amongst the gods of long life),
  6. indriya-vikalatā (rebirth with impaired faculties),
  7. mithyā-dṛṣṭi (rebirth with wrong view),
  8. cittotpādarāgitatā (rebirth with a mind intent on passion).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., akṣaṇa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akṣaṇa (अक्षण).—a. [nāsti kṣaṇo yogyakālo yasya] Inopportune. unseasonable.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of akshana or aksana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 17 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Akṣaṇavedhin (अक्षणवेधिन्).—(= Pali akkhaṇa°), having the art of hitting the bull's-eye, akṣaṇa...
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Kṣaṇa (क्षण).—m. (-ṇaḥ) 1. A measure of time equal to thirty Kalas or four minn tes. 2. A momen...
Mithyādṛṣṭi (मिथ्यादृष्टि).—f. (-ṣṭiḥ) Denial of future existence, atheism, heresy. E. mithyā f...
Akṣuṇṇa (अक्षुण्ण).—mfn. (-ṇṇaḥ-ṇṇā-ṇṇaṃ) 1. Unparted, uncut, not communicated. 2. Inexpert. 3....
Akkhaṇa, (a + khaṇa, BSk. akṣaṇa AvŚ I.291 = 332) wrong time, bad luck, misadventure, misfortun...
Akṣaṇavedhitva (अक्षणवेधित्व).—nt., state or art of being an akṣaṇa- vedhin: °tve LV 156.13, wh...
Akṣuṇa (अक्षुण) or Aksuṇṇa.—[, wrong readings for akṣaṇa (-vedha, -vedhin, qq.v.).]--- OR --- A...
Pratyantajanapadopapatti (प्रत्यन्तजनपदोपपत्ति) refers to “rebirth in the border regions” and r...
Cittotpādarāgitatā (चित्तोत्पादरागितता) refers to “rebirth with a mind intent on passion” and r...
Dīrghāyuṣadevopapatti (दीर्घायुषदेवोपपत्ति) refers to “rebirth amongst the gods of long life” a...
Vītivartati (वीतिवर्तति).—(= Sanskrit vyati°), passes beyond: jātiṃ ca jarāṃ ca °tanti (so read...
Narakopapatti (नरकोपपत्ति) refers to “rebirth in hell” and represents one of the “eight inoppor...
Tiryagupapatti (तिर्यगुपपत्ति) refers to “rebirth in the animal kingdom” and represents one of ...

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