Akshana, aka: Akṣaṇa; 3 Definition(s)
Akshana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Akṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Aksana or Akshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Akṣaṇa (अक्षण) (Pāli, akkhaṇa) refers to “eight difficult conditions” according to the Chinese translation of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—There are eight (occasionally nine) akṣaṇa: belonging to one of the bad destinies, i.e., damned (naraka), animal (tiryagoni) or preta; being a human, one is lacking an organ, is plunged into wrong views, is living before or after the Buddha, or living in a border region; if one is a god, belonging to the class of the long-lived gods.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Akṣaṇa (अक्षण, “inopportune”) refers to the “eight inopportune births” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 134):
- narakopapatti (rebirth in hell),
- tiryag-upapatti (rebirth in the animal kingdom),
- yama-lokopapatti (rebirth in Yama’s world),
- pratyanta-janapadopapatti (rebirth in the border regions),
- dīrghāyuṣa-devopapatti (rebirth amongst the gods of long life),
- indriya-vikalatā (rebirth with impaired faculties),
- mithyā-dṛṣṭi (rebirth with wrong view),
- cittotpādarāgitatā (rebirth with a mind intent on passion).
The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., akṣaṇa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Languages of India and abroad
Akṣaṇa (अक्षण).—a. [nāsti kṣaṇo yogyakālo yasya] Inopportune. unseasonable.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Cittotpādarāgitatā (चित्तोत्पादरागितता) refers to “rebirth with a mind intent on passion” and r...
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Search found 2 books and stories containing Akshana or Akṣaṇa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Act 5.5: Beings that were reborn among humans or the gods of kāmadhātu < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Act 5.7: The shaking of the earth in the universes of the ten directions < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Appendix 9 - On the number of gatis or destinies < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)