Kandarpa, Kandarpā, Kamdarpa: 21 definitions


Kandarpa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kandarpa in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प) is the one of the names of Kāma, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.3.—“[...] The Brahmins Marīci and others, my sons, decided on suitable names for the Being and said thus”. The sages said:—“[...] Causing elation in others you will be known as Madana. Since you were haughty even as you were born you will be Darpaka and your name Kandarpa will also become popular in the world”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प).—Another name for Kāmadeva. Kāmadeva was born of the mind of Brahmā and as soon as he was born he turned to Brahmā and asked "Kaṃ darpayāmi?" (Whom should I make proud?) So Brahmā gave him the name Kaṃdarpa alias Kandarpa. (Lāvāṇakalambaka, Kathāsaritsāgara, Taraṅga 6).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kandarpa (कन्दर्प).—The name of the 8th kalpa*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 290. 4.

1b) An attribute of Manmatha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 67; 30. 54 and 85; Matsya-purāṇa 154. 250.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kandarpa in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प) is the name of a Brāhman from Ratnapura, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 123. Accordingly, “... there is on the bank of the River Veṇā a city named Ratnapura; I am a Brāhman householder in that city, the son of a rich man, and my name is Kandarpa. One evening I went down to the River Veṇā to draw water, and I slipped and fell into it, and was carried away by the current”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kandarpa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प) refers to “cupid, the indirect cause of the birth of living beings. Kandarpa is Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s representative as a progenitor (10.28)”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kandarpā (कन्दर्पा) is the name of a Yakṣiṇī (i.e., Śāsanadevatās or ‘messenger-deities’) associated with Dharma-nātha, according to chapter 4.5 [dharmanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Originating in that congregation, Kinnara, three-faced, with a tortoise for a vehicle, red in color, resplendent with right hands holding a citron and a club, and with one in the position bestowing fearlessness; and with left hands encircled with an ichneumon, lotus, and rosary, became Dharmanātha’s messenger-deity. Likewise originated, Kandarpā, fair in body, with a fish for a vehicle, adorned with right hands carrying a blue night-blooming lotus and goad, and with one left hand carrying a lotus and one in the position bestowing fearlessness, became the Lord’s messenger-deity always near at hand”.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Kandarpā (कन्दर्पा) (or Mānasī or Paṇṇagādevī) is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Dharmanātha: the fifteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The symbol by which an image of Dharmanātha is to be recognised is Vajradaṇḍa or thunder-bolt. The Yakṣa couple to attend upon him are respectively called Kinnara and Kandarpā (Digambara Mānasī). The position of a fanner has been taken up by Puṇḍarīka-Vāsudeva. The Kevala tree for him is called Dadhiparṇa or Saptacchada.

Descriptions from the Śvetāmbara books make her ride upon a horse or a fish and appear in sculpture with four hands, adorned with a lotus, goad, lotus and Abhaya. Mānasī, the Digambara variant of the same Yakṣiṇī, is described from their point of view, as riding a tiger, and holding in her six hands a lotus, bow, Varada, goad, arrow and lotus. The origin of symbols, it must have been noticed, is of irregular character. The fish symbol of the Yakṣiṇī seems to be due to the identical symbol of her consort Kiṇṇara as furnished by the Digambara books. It is hardly easy to see any possible connection between her name as Kandarpā and the Brahmanic God, Kandarpa or Kāma. The name Mānasī has very probable relation with “Manasijā” implying the same idea. Thus, the other name of Paṇṇagādevī or the Goddess of snakes might have been derived from Manasā, who is characteristically a goddess of snakes. Mānasī is also a deity, in the list of the Vidyādevīs and as such, she is interestingly seen to be symbolised by a snake. Her tiger vehicIe, in this instance, shows her a prototype of Vāgīśvarī (goddess of learning) whose figure in Benares shows the same animal as her vehicle.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प, “vulgar jokes”) refers to one of the five transgressions (aticara) of the “vow of abstaining from purposeless” (anarthadaṇḍavirati): one of the seven supplementary vows (śīlavrata), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 32.—What is meant by cutting vulgar jokes (kandarpa)? It means to use dirty words to cut dirty and vulgar jokes.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प) refers to “lust”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The three worlds, which are made foolish by the action of the poison of lust [com.kandarpa-viṣa-vyāpāramūrcchita—‘stupefied by the action of the poison of lust’], are fast asleep in this gaping mouth of Yama’s serpent which is marked by fangs of destruction. While this one whose disposition is pitiless is devouring everyone, certainly there is no way out from this for you, noble fellow, by any means [even] with some difficulty without knowledge of what is beyond the senses. [Thus ends the reflection on] helplessness”.

Synonyms: Smara.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kandarpa (कंदर्प).—m (S) A name of Kamadeva, the Hindu Cupid. 2 (Corruptly formed from kanda Root, or kutsitadarpa Bad smell.) An onion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kandarpa (कंदर्प).—m A name of kāmadēva. An onion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प).—

1) Name of Cupid, the god of love; प्रजनश्चास्मि कन्दर्पः (prajanaścāsmi kandarpaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.28; कन्दर्प इव रूपेण (kandarpa iva rūpeṇa) Mb.

2) Love. (kandarpa is thus derived:-kaṃ darpayāmīti madājjātamātro jagāda ca | tena kaṃdarpa- nāmānaṃ taṃ cakāra caturmukhaḥ ||)

Derivable forms: kandarpaḥ (कन्दर्पः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प).—m.

(-rpaḥ) A name of the deity Kama, the Cupid of the Hiudu mythology. E. kaṃ Brahma, darpa to inflame, ac affix; the inflamer even of the first of the gods; corresponding in this respect with his Grecian prototype. f.

(-rpā) One of the presiding female deities of the Jainas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प).— (probably kam, see kandara, -dṛp + a), m. 1. A name of the god of love, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 25, 10. 2. Love, Mahābhārata 1, 7920.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प).—[masculine] the god of love, love.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kandarpa (कन्दर्प):—m. ([etymology] doubtful; according to some [from] kaṃ-darpa, ‘inflamer even of a god’ See 3. ka, or ‘of great wantonness’), Name of Kāma (q.v.), love, lust, [Mahābhārata; Bhagavad-gītā; Suśruta] etc.

2) (in mus.) a particular Rāga (q.v.)

3) a kind of time

4) membrum virile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Name of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) Kandarpā (कन्दर्पा):—[from kandarpa] f. one of the divine women attending on the fifteenth Arhat ([Jaina literature])

7) Kāndarpa (कान्दर्प):—m. descended from or relating to Kandarpa [gana] bidādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प):—(rpaḥ) 1. m. A name of Cupid.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kandarpa (कन्दर्प) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kaṃdappa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kandarpa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaṃdarpa (ಕಂದರ್ಪ):—

1) [noun] Manmatha, the Love-God.

2) [noun] a strong, usu. passionate, affection of one person for another, based in part on sexual attraction love.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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