Makaradhvaja, Makara-dhvaja, Makaradhvajā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Makaradhvaja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous (M) next»] — Makaradhvaja in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Lalita, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Lalita group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Makaradhvaja in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज).—A son of Hanūmān. He was born to a crocodile living in the ocean as the perspiration drops fell on her from Hanūmān. (Sārakāṇḍa, Ānanda Rāmāyaṇa).

2) Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज).—One of the sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was killed in the great battle by Bhīmasena. (Chapter 92, Droṇa Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज).—Is Madana, God of Love with the fish standard.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 11. 28; 19. 67; 30. 56; Matsya-purāṇa 154. 244; 261. 53.

2) Makaradhvajā (मकरध्वजा).—A śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 74.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Makaradhvaja in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Makaradhvaja] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Makaradhvaja in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज).—

1) an epithet of the god of love; संप्राप्तं मकरध्वजेन मथनं त्वत्तो मदर्थे पुरा (saṃprāptaṃ makaradhvajena mathanaṃ tvatto madarthe purā) Ratn.1.3; तत्प्रेमवारि मकरध्वजतापहारि (tatpremavāri makaradhvajatāpahāri) Ch. P. 41.

2) a particular array of troops.

3) the sea.

4) a particular medical preparation.

Derivable forms: makaradhvajaḥ (मकरध्वजः).

Makaradhvaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms makara and dhvaja (ध्वज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज).—name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 98.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. Kama: see the two last. 2. A particular array of troops. 3. A particular medical preparation. E. makara Makara, and dhvaja emblem.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज).—m. the god of love.

Makaradhvaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms makara and dhvaja (ध्वज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज).—[masculine] the god of love (cf. [preceding]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Makaradhvaja (मकरध्वज):—[=makara-dhvaja] [from makara] m. = -ketana, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] the sea, [Haravijaya]

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] array of troops, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] medical preparation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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