Rasayana, Rasa-ayana, Rasāyana, Rāsāyana: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Rasayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Rasayan.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation” mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.76. Accordingly, “one visualizes the prāṇa-śakti, which has the appearance of a pure crystal, located in a bindu, rising up from a knot, for the śāntika, pauṣṭika, śubha, sārasvata, rasa, mokṣa, khecaratva (going to the sky), and rasāyana (rejuvenation)”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Rasāyana (रसायन) or Rasāyanavarga is another name for Suvarṇādi: the thirteenth chapter of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Rāja-nighaṇṭu is a medical lexicon ascribed originally known as the Abhidhānacuṇāmaṇi. It mentions the names of 1483 medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravya) excluding synonyms, grouped into twenty-two chapters [viz., Rasāyana-varga].

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “elixirs”, as mentioned in verse 4.28 and 5.21-23 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] he who knows the right time (for administering remedies) shall thereafter apply perfect elixirs [viz., rasāyana] and aphrodisiac preparations according to the (prescribed) order (and the attendant) circumstances”.

Note (verse 4.28): Rasāyana (“elixir”) has been represented by bcud-kyis len, which in this or similar forms is its usual Tibetan correspondent. While rasāyana must be etymologized as that which comes forth (ayana) as juice (rasa) from pressed fruits, infused herbs etc., bcud-kyis len may be interpreted as an essence (beud) by which (kyis) are obtained (len-pa) health, longevity etc.—The position of the plural suffix rnams after bcud-kyis len instead of ro-tsai sbyor-ba is striking; perhaps rnam should be read.

Note (verse 5.21-23): The Tibetans have translated [ jīvanīyaṃ rasāyanam] by ’thso byed-ciṅ bcud-kyis len—“vitalizer and elixir”, thus adopting Aruṇadatta’s view that jīvanīya entails the generation of vitality (ojasyam), while rasāyana serves as a means of gaining the best in chyle, strength, and digestion. [...] Indu, and thus also Candranandana on the other hand, thinks that rasāyana should be adduced only by way of comparison (iva), and that “on account of its being a support of life and means of gaining the desired elements chyle etc.” (prāṇasaṃdhārakatvāc chastarasādidhātulābhopāyatvāc ca); cf. VI.39.1 sq.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 21 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (11) dosage form in the management of Rasāyana. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenative drugs”, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations (viz., Rasāyana) which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Simple Rasāyana (rejuvenative drugs) such as Āmalaka Rasāyana (prepared from powder of fruits of Phyllanthus emblica Linn.), Rasāyana powder which is a mixture of powders of Guḍūcī, Gokṣura (Tribulus terrestris Linn.) and Āmalaka etc., are described for rejuvenation.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Rasāyana (रसायन):—The term Rasayana comprises of two words, I, e Rasa and Ayana, Rasa signifies either Rasa Rakthadi Dhatus(tissues) of the body, Ayana convey the sense of Apyayana, which suggest a measure or methodology to saturate or enrich or conduct a special benefit to the body . Based on these principle, it has been said that one which capacity to enrich the Sapthadhatu of the body or the drugs possessing the qualities to saturate or replenish the Dhatu(tissues). Precisely stated as drug or food which has capacity to prevent ageing, improves longevity, provide immunity against the diseases, promote mental competence, increase vitality and luster of the body.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical Review of Rasaratna Samuccaya

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation”, and mentioned in the Rasaratnasamuccaya: a 13th century C.E. alchemical treatise, authored by Vāgbhaṭa, is a useful compilation related to preparation and properties of drugs of mineral and metallic origin.—The 26th and 27th chapters are devoted to jararoga (geriatric diseases), rasāyana (rejuvenation) and vājīkaraṇacikitsā (aphrodisiac therapy) respectively, through the use of both herbal and herbo-mineral formulations.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “mercury”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “He who has the vidyā within (his) body by recollecting (it) attracts (towards himself) with the vidyā the supreme goal (of life), the best of women (parastrī) endowed with divine ornaments, the supreme nature, good fortune, the supreme scripture, the supreme Command, the supreme knowledge, and the alchemical mercury [i.e., rasasiddhi-rasāyana]”.

2) Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to an “alchemical potion”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “one whose mind is free of thoughts is successful—this is the alchemical potion (rasāyana). Thought is only delusion and thought is in the mind. Once thought has been destroyed then there is success (siddhi) without any doubt”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Oxford Bibliographies: Hinduism

Rasāyana (the way of the rasas) is the overarching Sanskrit term employed in South Asian texts for “alchemy.” Several centuries earlier, the term rasāyana was used in Āyurveda, classical Indian medicine, to denote “rejuvenation therapy,” with the plural, rasāyanas, being the elixirs employed in said therapy.

A term for mercury, the prime alchemical reagent, was rasa, and so the term rasāyana now became specifically applied to the alchemical use of mercurials. The classic Indian alchemical texts were written in the period from the 10th to the 13th century. These were, for the most part, tantric works inasmuch as their stated goal of achieving an immortal, invulnerable body possessed of supernatural powers aligned with many of the goals of tantric practice.

Source: Indian National Science Academy: Hinduism

Rasāyana (रसायन) means that which are capable of removing/destroying/preventing jarā (senile changes) and vyādhi (the onset of diseases). And if the body is made strong by the continuous use of rasāyanas containing mercurial compounds (makaradhvaja, candrodaya etc. and the metalic/mineral bhasmas) then the jarā (ageing pocess) and the vyādhis (diseases) are cured or prevented and the man may certainly become capable of achieving ‘Mukti’ by doing continuous sādhanā.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rasāyana (रसायन).—n (S) pop. rasāyaṇa n A medicinal preparation in general; but esp. from metals and minerals. 2 The elixir vitæ of the alchemists. 3 Alchemy or chemistry. 4 fig. (From the necessity in chemical or medical preparations of being sharp and smart, and prompt to meet the precise moment.) Exceeding urgency or pressure. v lāva, lāga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rasāyana (रसायन) [-ṇa, -ण].—n A medicinal preparation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rāsāyana (रासायन).—Relating to रसायन (rasāyana).

See also (synonyms): rāsāyanika.

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Rasāyana (रसायन).—

1) an elixir of life (elixir vitæ), any medicine supposed to prolong life and prevent old age; निखिलरसायनमहितो गन्धेनोग्रेण लशुन इव (nikhilarasāyanamahito gandhenogreṇa laśuna iva) R. G.

2) (fig.) serving as an elixir vitæ, i. e. that which gratifies or regales; आनन्दनानि हृदयैकरसायनानि (ānandanāni hṛdayaikarasāyanāni) Māl.6.8; मनसश्च रसायनानि (manasaśca rasāyanāni) U.1.37; श्रोत्र°, कर्ण° (śrotra°, karṇa°) &c.

3) alchemy or chemistry.

4) any medicinal compound.

5) butter-milk.

6) poison.

7) long pepper. (-naḥ) 1 an alchemist.

2) Name of Garuḍa. °श्रेष्ठः (śreṣṭhaḥ) mercury.

- f.)

Derivable forms: rasāyanam (रसायनम्).

Rasāyana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rasa and ayana (अयन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasāyana (रसायन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Alchemy, chemistry. 2. The employment of mercury in medicine. 3. A medicine preventing old age, and prolonging life, the Elixir Vitæ of the alchemists. 4. Poison. 5. Butter-milk. m.

(-naḥ) 1. Garuda. 2. An anthelmintic drug commonly Biranga, (Embelia ribes.) 2. An alchemist. f. (-nī) A vessel conveying nutrition, a lacteal, an absorbent. E. rasa juice, quicksilver, &c., ayana a road, a going, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasāyana (रसायन).—perhaps rasa-ayana, I. n. 1. Buttermilk. 2. Poison. 3. A medicine preventing old age and prolonging life, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 80; elixir, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 209, M.M. (prīti-, Elixir-like joy). 4. Medicine, a remedy, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 24, 2. 5. Alchymy, chemistry. Ii. m. 1. An alchymist. 2. Garuḍa. Iii. f. , A vessel conveying nutrition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasāyana (रसायन).—[neuter] medicine for prolonging life, an elixir.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rasāyana (रसायन):—[from rasa > ras] m. a [particular] drug used as a vermifuge (Embelia Ribes), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] an alchemist, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Garuḍa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [from rasa > ras] n. (sometimes following the gender of the word to which it refers) a medicine supposed to prevent old age and prolong life, an elixir, elixir vitae (also applied to the first fructifying rains), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] buttermilk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] long pepper (?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the employment of mercury as a remedy or for magical purposes, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) Rāsāyana (रासायन):—mfn. ([from] rasāyana) relating to an elixir etc., [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasāyana (रसायन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Chemistry, alchymy; poison; Elixir vitæ; buttermilk. m. Garuda; an alchymist; a drug. f. () A lacteal.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rasāyana (रसायन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Rasāyaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rasayana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rasayana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rasāyana (रसायन) [Also spelled rasayan]:—(nm) Chemistry; (a) chemical; ~[jña] well-versed in Chemistry; -[vijñāna/śāstra] Chemistry; ~[vettā] a chemist, a scholar of Chemistry.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Rasāyaṇa (रसायण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Rasāyana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rasāyana (ರಸಾಯನ):—

1) [noun] that which is enjoyable, delightful.

2) [noun] any drink that is delicious and wholesome.

3) [noun] any of or all of the six principal tastes.

4) [noun] an eatable prepared by mixing sliced banana, jaggery, cardamom seeds (or its powder), etc.

5) [noun] a branch of chemistry in the Middle Ages, concerned with changing base metals into gold; alchemy.

6) [noun] the more or less acidulous liquid remaining after butter has been separated from curds; butter-milk.

7) [noun] a substance consumption of which (even in small quantity) results in death or serious damage to living organisms; a poison.

8) [noun] the vine Piper cubeba ( = Cubeba officinalis) of Piperaceae family.

9) [noun] its berry; Chinese pepper.

10) [noun] a kind of medicinal preparation.

11) [noun] Garuḍa, the mythological bird and the vehicle of Viṣṇu.

12) [noun] the plant Embelia ribes of Myrsinaceae family, used as a worm killer.

13) [noun] the science that deals with the composition and properties of substances and various elementary forms of matter; chemistry.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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