Rasayana, Rasa-ayana, Rasāyana, Rāsāyana: 12 definitions


Rasayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation” mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.76. Accordingly, “one visualizes the prāṇa-śakti, which has the appearance of a pure crystal, located in a bindu, rising up from a knot, for the śāntika, pauṣṭika, śubha, sārasvata, rasa, mokṣa, khecaratva (going to the sky), and rasāyana (rejuvenation)”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Rasāyana (रसायन) or Rasāyanavarga is another name for Suvarṇādi: the thirteenth chapter of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Rāja-nighaṇṭu is a medical lexicon ascribed originally known as the Abhidhānacuṇāmaṇi. It mentions the names of 1483 medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravya) excluding synonyms, grouped into twenty-two chapters [viz., Rasāyana-varga].

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 21 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (11) dosage form in the management of Rasāyana. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Oxford Bibliographies: Hinduism

Rasāyana (the way of the rasas) is the overarching Sanskrit term employed in South Asian texts for “alchemy.” Several centuries earlier, the term rasāyana was used in Āyurveda, classical Indian medicine, to denote “rejuvenation therapy,” with the plural, rasāyanas, being the elixirs employed in said therapy.

A term for mercury, the prime alchemical reagent, was rasa, and so the term rasāyana now became specifically applied to the alchemical use of mercurials. The classic Indian alchemical texts were written in the period from the 10th to the 13th century. These were, for the most part, tantric works inasmuch as their stated goal of achieving an immortal, invulnerable body possessed of supernatural powers aligned with many of the goals of tantric practice.

Source: Indian National Science Academy: Hinduism

Rasāyana (रसायन) means that which are capable of removing/destroying/preventing jarā (senile changes) and vyādhi (the onset of diseases). And if the body is made strong by the continuous use of rasāyanas containing mercurial compounds (makaradhvaja, candrodaya etc. and the metalic/mineral bhasmas) then the jarā (ageing pocess) and the vyādhis (diseases) are cured or prevented and the man may certainly become capable of achieving ‘Mukti’ by doing continuous sādhanā.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rasāyana (रसायन).—n (S) pop. rasāyaṇa n A medicinal preparation in general; but esp. from metals and minerals. 2 The elixir vitæ of the alchemists. 3 Alchemy or chemistry. 4 fig. (From the necessity in chemical or medical preparations of being sharp and smart, and prompt to meet the precise moment.) Exceeding urgency or pressure. v lāva, lāga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rasāyana (रसायन) [-ṇa, -ण].—n A medicinal preparation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rāsāyana (रासायन).—Relating to रसायन (rasāyana).

See also (synonyms): rāsāyanika.

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Rasāyana (रसायन).—

1) an elixir of life (elixir vitæ), any medicine supposed to prolong life and prevent old age; निखिलरसायनमहितो गन्धेनोग्रेण लशुन इव (nikhilarasāyanamahito gandhenogreṇa laśuna iva) R. G.

2) (fig.) serving as an elixir vitæ, i. e. that which gratifies or regales; आनन्दनानि हृदयैकरसायनानि (ānandanāni hṛdayaikarasāyanāni) Māl.6.8; मनसश्च रसायनानि (manasaśca rasāyanāni) U.1.37; श्रोत्र°, कर्ण° (śrotra°, karṇa°) &c.

3) alchemy or chemistry.

4) any medicinal compound.

5) butter-milk.

6) poison.

7) long pepper. (-naḥ) 1 an alchemist.

2) Name of Garuḍa. °श्रेष्ठः (śreṣṭhaḥ) mercury.

- f.)

Derivable forms: rasāyanam (रसायनम्).

Rasāyana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rasa and ayana (अयन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasāyana (रसायन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Alchemy, chemistry. 2. The employment of mercury in medicine. 3. A medicine preventing old age, and prolonging life, the Elixir Vitæ of the alchemists. 4. Poison. 5. Butter-milk. m.

(-naḥ) 1. Garuda. 2. An anthelmintic drug commonly Biranga, (Embelia ribes.) 2. An alchemist. f. (-nī) A vessel conveying nutrition, a lacteal, an absorbent. E. rasa juice, quicksilver, &c., ayana a road, a going, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasāyana (रसायन).—[neuter] medicine for prolonging life, an elixir.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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