Rasayana, aka: Rasa-ayana, Rasāyana, Rāsāyana; 8 Definition(s)
Rasayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation” mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.76. Accordingly, “one visualizes the prāṇa-śakti, which has the appearance of a pure crystal, located in a bindu, rising up from a knot, for the śāntika, pauṣṭika, śubha, sārasvata, rasa, mokṣa, khecaratva (going to the sky), and rasāyana (rejuvenation)”.(Source): Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Rasāyana (रसायन) or Rasāyanavarga is another name for Suvarṇādi: the thirteenth chapter of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Rāja-nighaṇṭu is a medical lexicon ascribed originally known as the Abhidhānacuṇāmaṇi. It mentions the names of 1483 medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravya) excluding synonyms, grouped into twenty-two chapters [viz., Rasāyana-varga].(Source): Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation”. These includes 21 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (11) dosage form in the management of Rasāyana. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.(Source): Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Rasāyana (the way of the rasas) is the overarching Sanskrit term employed in South Asian texts for “alchemy.” Several centuries earlier, the term rasāyana was used in Āyurveda, classical Indian medicine, to denote “rejuvenation therapy,” with the plural, rasāyanas, being the elixirs employed in said therapy.
A term for mercury, the prime alchemical reagent, was rasa, and so the term rasāyana now became specifically applied to the alchemical use of mercurials. The classic Indian alchemical texts were written in the period from the 10th to the 13th century. These were, for the most part, tantric works inasmuch as their stated goal of achieving an immortal, invulnerable body possessed of supernatural powers aligned with many of the goals of tantric practice.(Source): Oxford Bibliographies: Hinduism
Rasāyana (रसायन) means that which are capable of removing/destroying/preventing jarā (senile changes) and vyādhi (the onset of diseases). And if the body is made strong by the continuous use of rasāyanas containing mercurial compounds (makaradhvaja, candrodaya etc. and the metalic/mineral bhasmas) then the jarā (ageing pocess) and the vyādhis (diseases) are cured or prevented and the man may certainly become capable of achieving ‘Mukti’ by doing continuous sādhanā.(Source): Indian National Science Academy: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
rasāyana (रसायन).—n (S) pop. rasāyaṇa n A medicinal preparation in general; but esp. from metals and minerals. 2 The elixir vitæ of the alchemists. 3 Alchemy or chemistry. 4 fig. (From the necessity in chemical or medical preparations of being sharp and smart, and prompt to meet the precise moment.) Exceeding urgency or pressure. v lāva, lāga.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
rasāyana (रसायन) [-ṇa, -ण].—n A medicinal preparation.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Rāsāyana (रासायन).—Relating to रसायन (rasāyana).
See also (synonyms): rāsāyanika.
--- OR ---
1) an elixir of life (elixir vitæ), any medicine supposed to prolong life and prevent old age; निखिलरसायनमहितो गन्धेनोग्रेण लशुन इव (nikhilarasāyanamahito gandhenogreṇa laśuna iva) R. G.
2) (fig.) serving as an elixir vitæ, i. e. that which gratifies or regales; आनन्दनानि हृदयैकरसायनानि (ānandanāni hṛdayaikarasāyanāni) Māl.6.8; मनसश्च रसायनानि (manasaśca rasāyanāni) U.1.37; श्रोत्र°, कर्ण° (śrotra°, karṇa°) &c.
3) alchemy or chemistry.
4) any medicinal compound.
7) long pepper. (-naḥ) 1 an alchemist.
2) Name of Garuḍa. °श्रेष्ठः (śreṣṭhaḥ) mercury.
Derivable forms: rasāyanam (रसायनम्).
Rasāyana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rasa and ayana (अयन).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 18 books and stories containing Rasayana, Rasa-ayana, Rasāyana or Rāsāyana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.4.56 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta: The Devotee]
Verse 2.7.89 < [Chapter 7 - Jagad-ānanda: The Bliss of the Worlds]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of triloha < [Chapter XI - Mixed metals (4): Triloha]
Part 3 - Triloha-rasayana < [Chapter XI - Mixed metals (4): Triloha]
Part 1 - Characteristics of Diamond (vajra or hiraka) < [Chapter XIII - Gems (1): Vajra or Hiraka (diamond)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 3 - How to take gandhaka < [Chapter VIII - Uparasa (9): Gandhaka (sulphur)]
Part 1 - Characteristics of Manahshila or Manas-shila (realgar) < [Chapter XIII - Uparasa (14): Manahshila or Manas-shila (realgar)]
Part 7 - Extraction of essence of mica < [Chapter I - Uparasa (1): Abhra or Abhraka (mica)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 29 - Madhusūdana Sarasvatī (a.d. 1500) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 27 - Appaya Dīkṣita (a.d. 1550) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 4 - Practice of Medicine in the Atharva-veda < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa) (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa)