Rasayana, Rasa-ayana, Rasāyana, Rāsāyana: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Rasayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Rasayan.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation” mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.76. Accordingly, “one visualizes the prāṇa-śakti, which has the appearance of a pure crystal, located in a bindu, rising up from a knot, for the śāntika, pauṣṭika, śubha, sārasvata, rasa, mokṣa, khecaratva (going to the sky), and rasāyana (rejuvenation)”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Rasāyana (रसायन) or Rasāyanavarga is another name for Suvarṇādi: the thirteenth chapter of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Rāja-nighaṇṭu is a medical lexicon ascribed originally known as the Abhidhānacuṇāmaṇi. It mentions the names of 1483 medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravya) excluding synonyms, grouped into twenty-two chapters [viz., Rasāyana-varga].

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “elixirs”, as mentioned in verse 4.28 and 5.21-23 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] he who knows the right time (for administering remedies) shall thereafter apply perfect elixirs [viz., rasāyana] and aphrodisiac preparations according to the (prescribed) order (and the attendant) circumstances”.

Note (verse 4.28): Rasāyana (“elixir”) has been represented by bcud-kyis len, which in this or similar forms is its usual Tibetan correspondent. While rasāyana must be etymologized as that which comes forth (ayana) as juice (rasa) from pressed fruits, infused herbs etc., bcud-kyis len may be interpreted as an essence (beud) by which (kyis) are obtained (len-pa) health, longevity etc.—The position of the plural suffix rnams after bcud-kyis len instead of ro-tsai sbyor-ba is striking; perhaps rnam should be read.

Note (verse 5.21-23): The Tibetans have translated [ jīvanīyaṃ rasāyanam] by ’thso byed-ciṅ bcud-kyis len—“vitalizer and elixir”, thus adopting Aruṇadatta’s view that jīvanīya entails the generation of vitality (ojasyam), while rasāyana serves as a means of gaining the best in chyle, strength, and digestion. [...] Indu, and thus also Candranandana on the other hand, thinks that rasāyana should be adduced only by way of comparison (iva), and that “on account of its being a support of life and means of gaining the desired elements chyle etc.” (prāṇasaṃdhārakatvāc chastarasādidhātulābhopāyatvāc ca); cf. VI.39.1 sq.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 21 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (11) dosage form in the management of Rasāyana. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenative drugs”, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations (viz., Rasāyana) which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Simple Rasāyana (rejuvenative drugs) such as Āmalaka Rasāyana (prepared from powder of fruits of Phyllanthus emblica Linn.), Rasāyana powder which is a mixture of powders of Guḍūcī, Gokṣura (Tribulus terrestris Linn.) and Āmalaka etc., are described for rejuvenation.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Rasāyana (रसायन):—The term Rasayana comprises of two words, I, e Rasa and Ayana, Rasa signifies either Rasa Rakthadi Dhatus(tissues) of the body, Ayana convey the sense of Apyayana, which suggest a measure or methodology to saturate or enrich or conduct a special benefit to the body . Based on these principle, it has been said that one which capacity to enrich the Sapthadhatu of the body or the drugs possessing the qualities to saturate or replenish the Dhatu(tissues). Precisely stated as drug or food which has capacity to prevent ageing, improves longevity, provide immunity against the diseases, promote mental competence, increase vitality and luster of the body.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical Review of Rasaratna Samuccaya

Rasāyana (रसायन) refers to “rejuvenation”, and mentioned in the Rasaratnasamuccaya: a 13th century C.E. alchemical treatise, authored by Vāgbhaṭa, is a useful compilation related to preparation and properties of drugs of mineral and metallic origin.—The 26th and 27th chapters are devoted to jararoga (geriatric diseases), rasāyana (rejuvenation) and vājīkaraṇacikitsā (aphrodisiac therapy) respectively, through the use of both herbal and herbo-mineral formulations.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Oxford Bibliographies: Hinduism

Rasāyana (the way of the rasas) is the overarching Sanskrit term employed in South Asian texts for “alchemy.” Several centuries earlier, the term rasāyana was used in Āyurveda, classical Indian medicine, to denote “rejuvenation therapy,” with the plural, rasāyanas, being the elixirs employed in said therapy.

A term for mercury, the prime alchemical reagent, was rasa, and so the term rasāyana now became specifically applied to the alchemical use of mercurials. The classic Indian alchemical texts were written in the period from the 10th to the 13th century. These were, for the most part, tantric works inasmuch as their stated goal of achieving an immortal, invulnerable body possessed of supernatural powers aligned with many of the goals of tantric practice.

Source: Indian National Science Academy: Hinduism

Rasāyana (रसायन) means that which are capable of removing/destroying/preventing jarā (senile changes) and vyādhi (the onset of diseases). And if the body is made strong by the continuous use of rasāyanas containing mercurial compounds (makaradhvaja, candrodaya etc. and the metalic/mineral bhasmas) then the jarā (ageing pocess) and the vyādhis (diseases) are cured or prevented and the man may certainly become capable of achieving ‘Mukti’ by doing continuous sādhanā.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rasāyana (रसायन).—n (S) pop. rasāyaṇa n A medicinal preparation in general; but esp. from metals and minerals. 2 The elixir vitæ of the alchemists. 3 Alchemy or chemistry. 4 fig. (From the necessity in chemical or medical preparations of being sharp and smart, and prompt to meet the precise moment.) Exceeding urgency or pressure. v lāva, lāga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rasāyana (रसायन) [-ṇa, -ण].—n A medicinal preparation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rāsāyana (रासायन).—Relating to रसायन (rasāyana).

See also (synonyms): rāsāyanika.

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Rasāyana (रसायन).—

1) an elixir of life (elixir vitæ), any medicine supposed to prolong life and prevent old age; निखिलरसायनमहितो गन्धेनोग्रेण लशुन इव (nikhilarasāyanamahito gandhenogreṇa laśuna iva) R. G.

2) (fig.) serving as an elixir vitæ, i. e. that which gratifies or regales; आनन्दनानि हृदयैकरसायनानि (ānandanāni hṛdayaikarasāyanāni) Māl.6.8; मनसश्च रसायनानि (manasaśca rasāyanāni) U.1.37; श्रोत्र°, कर्ण° (śrotra°, karṇa°) &c.

3) alchemy or chemistry.

4) any medicinal compound.

5) butter-milk.

6) poison.

7) long pepper. (-naḥ) 1 an alchemist.

2) Name of Garuḍa. °श्रेष्ठः (śreṣṭhaḥ) mercury.

- f.)

Derivable forms: rasāyanam (रसायनम्).

Rasāyana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rasa and ayana (अयन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasāyana (रसायन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Alchemy, chemistry. 2. The employment of mercury in medicine. 3. A medicine preventing old age, and prolonging life, the Elixir Vitæ of the alchemists. 4. Poison. 5. Butter-milk. m.

(-naḥ) 1. Garuda. 2. An anthelmintic drug commonly Biranga, (Embelia ribes.) 2. An alchemist. f. (-nī) A vessel conveying nutrition, a lacteal, an absorbent. E. rasa juice, quicksilver, &c., ayana a road, a going, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasāyana (रसायन).—perhaps rasa-ayana, I. n. 1. Buttermilk. 2. Poison. 3. A medicine preventing old age and prolonging life, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 80; elixir, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 209, M.M. (prīti-, Elixir-like joy). 4. Medicine, a remedy, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 24, 2. 5. Alchymy, chemistry. Ii. m. 1. An alchymist. 2. Garuḍa. Iii. f. , A vessel conveying nutrition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasāyana (रसायन).—[neuter] medicine for prolonging life, an elixir.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rasāyana (रसायन):—[from rasa > ras] m. a [particular] drug used as a vermifuge (Embelia Ribes), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] an alchemist, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Garuḍa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [from rasa > ras] n. (sometimes following the gender of the word to which it refers) a medicine supposed to prevent old age and prolong life, an elixir, elixir vitae (also applied to the first fructifying rains), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] buttermilk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] long pepper (?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the employment of mercury as a remedy or for magical purposes, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) Rāsāyana (रासायन):—mfn. ([from] rasāyana) relating to an elixir etc., [Suśruta]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Rasāyana (रसायन):—(rasa + a)

1) m. a) eine best. gegen Würmer angewandte Arzenei, = viḍaṅga [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 202.] vihaṃgama Vogel st. viḍaṅga [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 187.] — b) ein Alchemist [WILSON.] — c) Beiname Garuḍa’s [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

2) f. ī a) Kanal der Flüssigkeiten (im Körper) [Suśruta 2, 81, 3.] — b) Name verschiedener Pflanzen: guḍūcī, kākamācī, mahākarañja, gorakṣadugdhā, māṃsacchadā [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) n. eine Klasse von Mitteln, die den Organismus kräftigen, erneuern und langes Leben verleihen sollen, z. B. Soma; Alterativum, Elixir, Lebenselixir [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Hindu System of Medicine 155.] [Suśruta 2, 157. fgg. 1, 103, 1. 119, 11.] rasāyanamivarṣīṇāṃ devānāmamṛtaṃ yathā [159, 3. 213, 3.] rasāyanaṃ ca tajjñeyaṃ yajjarāvyādhināśanam [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH.1,4,13.] [Oxforder Handschriften 309,a,23. fgg. 316,b,19. 357,b,3.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 929 (S. 278, Śloka 48). 958. 966.] tantra heisst der betreffende Abschnitt in der Medicin [Suśruta 1, 2, 2. 17. -] [Mahābhārata 1, 6658.] [Harivaṃśa 9220.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 75, 12.] [Spr. 2950. fg. 4932.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 16, 20. 34. 76, 1.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 40, 52. 72.] siddha adj. [?41,11. 33. 70,43. Bhāgavatapurāṇa.5,24,13. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 40,3. Oxforder Handschriften 26,b,12. WILSON, SĀṂKHYAK. S. 11. SARVADARŚANAS. 98,5. Scholiast zu Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 110,19. 111,18.] harabhaktirasāyanaṃ pītvā [Mahābhārata 13, 775.] karṇāmṛtāni manasaśca rasāyanāni [UTTARAR. 17, 12 (24, 2).] paramakarṇarasāyanāni [Oxforder Handschriften 215,a, No. 514.] karṇarasāyanīkṛta [146,b,4.] mitraṃ prītirasāyanaṃ nayanayoḥ [Spr. 2200.] vom ersten befruchtenden Regen in Beginn der Regenzeit: aṣṭamāsadhṛtaṃ garbhaṃ bhāskarasya gabhastibhiḥ . rasaṃ sarvadrumāṇāṃ dyauḥ prasūte rasāyanam .. [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 27, 3.] Richtet sich hier und da (vgl. pradhāna) nach dem Geschlecht des Nomens, auf welches es bezogen wird: hṛtkarṇarasāyanāḥ kathāḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 25, 25.] svakīrtirna parāsūnāṃ kīrṇakarṇarasāyanā [Spr. 2411.] Nach den Lexicographen ausserdem: Buttermilch [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 409.] Gift [Medinīkoṣa] = kaṭi (langer Pfeffer?) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. tāmra, bhakti, bhagavadbhakti, yoga .

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Rāsāyana (रासायन):—adj. von rasāyana [Suśruta 2, 157, 7.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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