Dhvaja, Dhvajā: 22 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dhvaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Dhvaja (ध्वज, ‘flag’) is a weapon (āyudha or bādhra) according to the Vāstusūtra Upaniṣad.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Dhvaja (flag) - Making oneself known to others, indicating that one is a source of charity and safety to all sentient beings. An indication of the triumph of the Dharma.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Dhvaja (ध्वज, “banner”):—Fifth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna (2nd chakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. It is identified with the fifth of the seven worlds, named janaloka. Together, these seven seatsthey form the Brahmāṇḍa (cosmic egg). The Dhvaja seat points to the south-west.

The associated pura is called prakṛti, at the head of which is the Siddha named Khagīśa. These Siddhas are considered to have been the expounders of the kula doctrine in former times.

The associated dhātu (constituents of the physical body) is the Bones (asthi).

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Dhvaja (ध्वज) refers to one of the various Devatā weapons and represents a type of “temple implement (instrument)” as described in the Karaṇalakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala section of the Uttara-Kāmikāgama.—The instruments should be according to the particular śāstra followed at the temple. Some of the instruments mentioned are weapons of all Devatās including [viz., dhvaja].

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Dhvaja (ध्वज) refers to “that which marks a temple or such other places”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 9.285)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dhvaja (ध्वज).—Flag; of Śiva (bull)—of Lalitā with mahiṣa, mṛga and siṃha emblems:1 of Arjuna, Kārtavīrya.2 Vṛṣadakṣa, given by Surabhi.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 79; 27. 15; 49. 13; 55. 15; IV. 16. 35; 19. 84; 21. 8.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 43. 19; 44. 67; 257. 17; 281. 9.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 76; 94. 15.

1b) The 9th battle where Dhvaja was killed by Mahendra Viṣṇu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 72. 75; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 75, 85.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dhvaja (ध्वज) refers to a “banner-staff”, which is an accessories used in a dramatic play, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such accessories and weapons should be made by experts using proper measurements and given to persons in their respective conditions. It forms a component of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Dhvajā (ध्वजा, “mare”) refers to the first of eight yoni (womb), according to the Mānasāra. It is also known by the name Aśvā. Yoni is the fourth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular yoni (eg., dhvajā) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). The first, third, fifth and seventh yonis are considered auspicious and therefore to be preferred, and the rest, inauspicious and to be avoided.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dhvaja (ध्वज) occurs twice in the Rigveda in the sense of ‘banner’ used in battle. It is characteristic of Vedic fighting that in both passages reference is made to arrows being discharged and falling on the banners.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Dhvaja (ध्वज) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Dhvaja).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

One of the Eight Auspicious Symbols; Dhvaja (Skt. also Dhwaja; Tib. rgyal msthan), meaning banner or flag. Dhvaja banner was a military standard of ancient Indian warfare. Makara Dhvaja has become latter an emblem of the Vedic god of love and desire - Kamadeva. Within the Tibetan tradition a list of eleven different forms of the victory banner is given to represent eleven specific methods for overcoming defilements. Many variations of the dhvajas design can be seen on the roofs of Tibetan monasteries to symbolyze the Buddhas victory over four maras.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Dhvaja (ध्वज, “flag”).—The eighth of “fourteen dreams” of Triśalā.—The eighth dream manifested as the flag fluttering on the top of a golden staff comprising of sober colors such as blue, red, yellow and gold, it’s hoisting caused sounds like the roar of a lion.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dhvaja.—(CII 3), banner or standard as distinguished from lāñchana or crest. Cf. cihna (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIV, pp. 135 ff.). Note: dhvaja is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhvaja (ध्वज).—m (S) pop. dhvajā f A flag, an ensign, a banner. dhvaja lāvaṇēṃ To signalize one's self by feats of valor, display of learning &c.: also to become infamously notorious.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhvaja (ध्वज).—m dhvajā f A flag, an ensign, a ban- ner. dhvaja lāvaṇēṃ To signalize one's self by feats of valour, display of learn- ing &c.; to become infamously noto- rious.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhvaja (ध्वज).—[dhvaj-ac]

1) A flag, banner, standard, ensign; R.7.4;17.32; आरोहति न यः स्वस्य वंशस्याग्रे ध्वजो यथा (ārohati na yaḥ svasya vaṃśasyāgre dhvajo yathā) Pt.1.26; ध्वजं चक्रे च भगवानुपरि स्थास्यतीति तम् (dhvajaṃ cakre ca bhagavānupari sthāsyatīti tam) Mb.

2) A distinguished or eminent person, the flag or ornament (at the end of comp.); as in कुलध्वजः (kuladhvajaḥ) 'the head, ornament, or distinguished person of a family'.

3) A flagstaff.

4) A mark, emblem, sign, a symbol; वृषभ°, मकर° (vṛṣabha°, makara°) &c.

5) the attribute of a deity.

6) The sign of a tavern.

7) The sign of a trade, any trademark.

8) The organ of generation (of any animal, male or female).

9) One who prepares and sells liquors; Ms.4.85; सुरापाने सुराध्वजः (surāpāne surādhvajaḥ) Ms.

1) A house situated to the east of any object.

11) Pride.

12) Hypocrisy.

13) A skull carried on a staff (as a mark of ascetics) or as a penance for the murder of a Brāhmaṇa; see खट्वाङ्ग (khaṭvāṅga).

14) (In prosody) An iambic foot. (dhvajīkṛ to hoist a flag; (fig.) to use as a plea or pretext.)

15) part of a sword; श्रेष्ठखड्गाङ्गयोरपि (śreṣṭhakhaḍgāṅgayorapi) Nm.

Derivable forms: dhvajaḥ (ध्वजः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhvaja (ध्वज).—mn.

(-jaḥ-jaṃ) 1. A flag or banner. 2. A mark, a sign or symbol. 3. The penis. 4. The upper part of a skull carried on a stick, as a penance for the murder of a Brahman. 5. A house situated to the east of any object. 6. A flag-staff. 7. (In Prosody,) An Iambic. m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A distiller. 2. Pride. 3. Hypocrisy, fraud. E. dhvaja to go, affix ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhvaja (ध्वज).—m. and n. 1. A flag or banner, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 67, 26. 2. A mark, a symbol, Mahābhārata 1, 1511. 3. A distiller’s fiag, Man 4, 85. 4. The penis, [Suśruta] 2, 114, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhvaja (ध्वज).—[masculine] ([neuter]) banner, standard, flag, sign of any trade, mark, emblem, symbol, characteristic; the ornament of (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhvaja (ध्वज):—[from dhvañj] m. (n. only, [Harivaṃśa 9245] and [gana] ardharcādi; [from] 2. dhvaj) a banner, flag, standard (ifc. f(ā). ), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a flag-staff, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] mark, emblem, ensign, characteristic, sign, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] attribute of a deity (cf. makara-, vṛṣabhaetc.)

5) [v.s. ...] the sign of any trade ([especially] of a distillery or tavern) and the business there carried on [Manu-smṛti iv, 85]

6) [v.s. ...] a distiller or vendor of spirituous liquors, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) the ornament of (e.g. kula-dhvaja), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the organ of generation (of any animal, male or female), [Suśruta; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. puṃ-, strī-)

9) [v.s. ...] a skull carried on a staff (as a penance for the murder of a Brāhman, [Horace H. Wilson]; as a mark of ascetics and Yogīs, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary])

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a tree (= -vṛkṣa), [Catalogue(s)]

11) [v.s. ...] a place prepared in a peculiar way for building, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (in pros.) an iambic

12) [v.s. ...] (in [grammar]) a [particular] kind of Krama-pāṭha

13) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) Name of a Yoga

14) [v.s. ...] pride, arrogance, hypocrisy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of a Grāma, [Pāṇini 4-2, 109 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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