Makaratorana, Makara-torana, Makaratoraṇa: 2 definitions
Makaratorana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Makaratoraṇa (मकरतोरण).—A type of toraṇa, or “ornamental canopy”;—The name makara-toraṇa has been given to this type of canopy because of the prominent presence of a pair of makaras carved either facing each other or facing opposite directions. But the instances of the former are more in number when compared to the latter. The framework of a makara-toraṇa consists of two split pilasters with a lintel and a vājana (or rarely a kapota). Above the vājana two makaras are placed at the two ends. From the mouths of the makaras come out long floriated tongues and join forming an arch or a semi-circle. The pinnacle of the arch or the semi-circle is normally crowned by a kīrtimukha.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Makara-toraṇa.—(EI 29), one of the royal insignia. (EI 3; SII 1, 3), an ornamental arch; an arch in the shape of a makara (crocodile); gateway with figures of crocodiles. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol XXXV p. 107. Note: makara-toraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 4 books and stories containing Makaratorana, Makara-torana, Makara-toraṇa, Makaratoraṇa; (plurals include: Makaratoranas, toranas, toraṇas, Makaratoraṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Torana < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
Temples in Punjai < [Chapter VI - Temples of Aditya II’s Time]
Temples In Punjai < [Chapter X - Historical Survey]
Middle Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples in Emapperur < [Chapter II - Temples of Rajaraja I’s Time]
Temples in Dadapuram < [Chapter II - Temples of Rajaraja I’s Time]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples in Tiruppachchur < [Chapter IV - Temples of Vikrama Chola’s Time]
Temples in Valuvur < [Chapter XII - Temples of Kulottunga III’s Time]
Temples in Palayarai < [Chapter IV - Temples of Vikrama Chola’s Time]
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Chapter 82 - Thirumaraikkadu or Tirumaraikkatu (Hymn 71) < [Volume 3.7 - Unto the last]