Makaratorana, Makaratoraṇa, Makara-torana: 2 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Makaratorana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous (M) next»] — Makaratorana in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Makaratoraṇa (मकरतोरण).—A type of toraṇa, or “ornamental canopy”;—The name makara-toraṇa has been given to this type of canopy because of the prominent presence of a pair of makaras carved either facing each other or facing opposite directions. But the instances of the former are more in number when compared to the latter. The framework of a makara-toraṇa consists of two split pilasters with a lintel and a vājana (or rarely a kapota). Above the vājana two makaras are placed at the two ends. From the mouths of the makaras come out long floriated tongues and join forming an arch or a semi-circle. The pinnacle of the arch or the semi-circle is normally crowned by a kīrtimukha.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Makara-toraṇa.—(EI 29), one of the royal insignia. (EI 3; SII 1, 3), an ornamental arch; an arch in the shape of a makara (crocodile); gateway with figures of crocodiles. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol XXXV p. 107. Note: makara-toraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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