Vimarda: 11 definitions


Vimarda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Vimarda (विमर्द) refers to the “time between middle eclipse and the beginning or end of total phase”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] In solar and lunar eclipses, he must be able to calculate the times of the commencement and end of the eclipses, the places of first and last contact, the magnitude and duration of the eclipse; in total eclipses, he must be able to calculate the time between middle eclipse and the beginning or end of total phase, (this period being technically known as vimarda). He must also know the colour of the eclipsed lunar disc. He must be able to calculate before hand the times of the Moon’s conjunction with the planets as well as of planetary conjunctions”.

2) Vimarda (विमर्द) refers to “suffering”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9).—Accordingly, “If Venus should enter the constellation of Mṛgaśīrṣa, juice and crops will suffer; if she should enter the constellation of Ārdrā, the people of Kośala and of Kaliṅga will suffer and there will be abundance of rain. If Venus should enter the constellation of Punarvasu, the people of Aśmaka and of Vidarbha will become lawless. If Venus should enter the constellation of Puṣya, there will be good rain; singing and dancing parties will suffer [i.e., vidyādhara-raṇa-vimarda]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Vimarda in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Senna occidentalis (L.)Link from the Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar) family having the following synonyms: Cassia occidentalis. For the possible medicinal usage of vimarda, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Vimarda in India is the name of a plant defined with Senna occidentalis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cassia obliquifolia Schrank (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1986)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1992)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2002)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2003)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)
· Synopseos Plantarum (1805)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Vimarda, for example chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vimarda (विमर्द).—m C Delay; length of time consumed in or since : also interval, time intervening from and until. v lāga.

--- OR ---

vimarda (विमर्द).—m S vimardana n S Rubbing or grinding. 2 fig. Massacring or slaughtering.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vimarda (विमर्द).—1 Pounding, crushing, bruising.

2) Rubbing together, trituration (as of perfumes), friction; विमर्दसुरभिर्बकुलावलिका खल्वहम् (vimardasurabhirbakulāvalikā khalvaham) M.3; R.5.65; कस्तूरिका मृगविमर्दसुगन्धिरेति (kastūrikā mṛgavimardasugandhireti) Śiśupālavadha 4.61;11.28.

3) Pressing together (as in embrace).

4) Spoiling, marring; कुतूहलविमर्द- कारिणा परिश्रमेण (kutūhalavimarda- kāriṇā pariśrameṇa) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.

5) Touch, contact.

6) Rubbing the person with saffron or other unguents.

7) War, battle, fight, encounter; विमर्दक्षमां भूमिमवतरावः (vimardakṣamāṃ bhūmimavatarāvaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 5;3.44.

8) Destruction, devastation; पुरा जनस्थानविमर्दशङ्की संधाय लङ्काधिपतिः प्रतस्थे (purā janasthānavimardaśaṅkī saṃdhāya laṅkādhipatiḥ pratasthe) R.6.62.

9) Conjunction of the sun and the moon.

1) An eclipse.

11) Weariness, tediousness.

Derivable forms: vimardaḥ (विमर्दः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimarda (विमर्द).—i. e. vi-mṛd + a, m. 1. Rubbing, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 105, 14 (rubbing against, or playing with, the young lion); [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 20. 2. The trituration of perfumes. 3. Touch, contact, Da- śak. in Chr. 182, 23; conjunction of the sun and moon, eclipse. 4. Destroying, [Hitopadeśa] 50, 18. 5. Killing. 6. War, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 87, 1; battle, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 138, 5. 7. Weariness, Chr. 42, 13; tediousness, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimarda (विमर्द).—[masculine] crushing, pounding, stamping (with the feet); hostile encounter, fight, war, tumult; destruction, disturbance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vimarda (विमर्द):—[=vi-marda] a vi-marśa See under vi√mṛd and vi-√mṛś, p. 981, col. 1.

2) [=vi-marda] [from vi-mṛd] b m. crushing, bruising, grinding, pounding, rubbing, friction, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] trampling, [Ratnāvalī]

4) [v.s. ...] hostile encounter, conflict, scuffle, fight, war, tumult, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] laying waste, devastation, destruction, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] interruption, disturbance, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Hitopadeśa]

7) [v.s. ...] touch, contact, [Sāṃkhyakārikā]

8) [v.s. ...] refusal, rejection, [Rāmāyaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] complete obscuration, total eclipse, [Sūryasiddhānta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) [v.s. ...] weariness, tediousness, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

11) [v.s. ...] the trituration of perfumes, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) [v.s. ...] Cassia Sophora, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vimarda (विमर्द) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vimadda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vimarda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vimarda (ವಿಮರ್ದ):—

1) [noun] the act of pulverising by or as by pounding or grinding.

2) [noun] the act of rubbing, massaging.

3) [noun] a touching or being touched; a touch.

4) [noun] the act of destroying, ruining.

5) [noun] a conflict, struggle, war.

6) [noun] the partial or total obscuring of one celestial body by another; an eclipse.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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