Kratha, Krātha: 11 definitions



Kratha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kratha (क्रथ).—A Kṣatriya King. He was the rebirth of an Asura called Krodhavaśa. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 61). See under Jyāmagha.

2) Kratha (क्रथ).—A King defeated by Bhīmasena during his regional conquest. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 30, Stanza 7).

3) Kratha (क्रथ).—A hermit. In Mahābhārata, Udyoga-Parva, Chapter 83, Stanza 27 it is stated that this hermit visited Śrī Kṛṣṇa on his way to Hastināpura.

4) Kratha (क्रथ).—There was a warrior named Kratha on the side of the Kauravas. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 120, Stanza 10).

5) Kratha (क्रथ).—A warrior of Skandadeva. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 70).

6) Kratha (क्रथ).—A Yakṣa. (Demi-God). When Garuḍa reached the world of Devas he had to fight with this Yakṣa. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 32, Stanza 18).

7) Kratha (क्रथ).—An Asura (demon). It is stated in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67 Stanza 57 that this Asura was born as King Sūryākṣa on the earth in his re-birth.

8) Kratha (क्रथ).—Name of a son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 116, Stanza 11).

9) Krātha (क्राथ).—A f mous King in Ancient India. The following details about this King are found found in the Mahābhārata.

He was the rebirth of an Asura called Rāhu, the son of Siṃhikā. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 40).

Krātha attended the Svayaṃvara (marriage) of Draupadī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 186, Stanza 15).

Śrī Kṛṣṇa defeated Krātha at the city of Jāruthi. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 12, Stanza 30).

In the battle of Bhārata this King attacked Abhimanyu. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 46, Stanza 26).

In the battle of Bhārata Krātha killed the prince of Kaliṅga, and a King from the mountain killed Krātha. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 85, Stanza 15).

10) Krātha (क्राथ).—A King of the Puru dynasty. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva Chapter 94, Stanza 58).

11) Krātha (क्राथ).—A captain of the army of monkeys. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 283, Stanza 19).

12) Krātha (क्राथ).—A warrior of Skanda. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 70).

13) Krātha (क्राथ).—A famous serpent. At the time of the death of Balabhadra this serpent came there to lead his soul to Pātāla (nether world). (Mahābhārata Mausala Parva, Chapter 4, Stanza 16).

14) Krātha (क्राथ).—An ancient country in India. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 21 that Bhīṣmaka the King of Vidarbha had conquered this country.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kratha (क्रथ).—A son of Vidarbha, and father of Kunti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 1 and 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 37; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 36-8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 37, 40.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kratha (क्रथ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.38) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kratha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Kratha (क्रथ) refers to one of the sons of Kroṣṭā and grandson of Yadu, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Nahuṣa married Virajā (the daughter of Pitṛ) and was blessed with five sons of whom Yayāti was the most famous. Yayāti had two wives—Devayānī and Śarmiṣṭhā. Devayānī gave birth to Yadu and Turvasu. [...] The Son of Yadu was Kroṣṭā in whose race the most glorious kings were born. The text only names them as [viz., Kratha].

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kratha (क्रथ) is the name of an ancient kingdom, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Vasupūjya and Jayā spoke to Vāsupūjya:—“All the existing kings, among men and the Vidyādharas, who are of good family, capable, heroic, wealthy, famous, possessing the fourfold army, known for guarding their subjects, free from blemish, faithful to engagements, always devoted to dharma, in Madhyadeśa, Vatsadeśa, [...] and other countries which are the ornaments of the eastern quarter; [... in the Krathas, ...] these now, son, beg us constantly through messengers, who are sent bearing valuable gifts, to give their daughters to you. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Krātha (क्राथ).—Killing, murder.

Derivable forms: krāthaḥ (क्राथः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kratha (क्रथ).—m. 1. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 2, 585. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 2697. 3. The name of an Asura or demon, Mahābhārata 1, 2665.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kratha (क्रथ).—[masculine] [Name] of an ancient king, son of Vidarbha (cf. seq.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kratha (क्रथ):—[from krath] m. [plural] Name of a race (always named together with the Kaiśikas and belonging to the Yādava people), [Mahābhārata ii, 585]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Vidarbha and brother of Kaiśika (ancestor of the Krathas), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of an attendant in Skanda’s retinue, [Mahābhārata ix, 2572]

4) [v.s. ...] (= krathana) Name of an Asura[, i, 2665 f.; Harivaṃśa 2284; 12940 and 14287.]

5) Krātha (क्राथ):—m. (√krath), killing, murder, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [patronymic] [from] Kratha, [Harivaṃśa]

7) Name of a prince, [Mahābhārata i, 2676; iii, 489]

8) of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [i, 3747]

9) of an attendant in Skanda’s retinue, ix, 2572

10) of a Nāga, [xvi, 120]

11) of a monkey, [iii, 16287].

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kratha (क्रथ):—und kratha (v. l. kutha) [Siddhāntakaumudī.230,a,4.] m. Nomen proprium eines zu den Yādava gehörenden Volksstammes, welcher auf Kratha, einen Sohn Vidarbha's und Bruder Kaiśika’s, zurückgeführt wird, [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 611.] [Anhang XXVIII.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 209.] sapāṇḍyakrathakaiśikān [Mahābhārata 2, 585.] īśvareṇa krathakaiśikānām [Raghuvaṃśa 5, 39. 61. 7, 29.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 77.] sg. als Personenname [Mahābhārata 1, 2697. 2, 1081.] [Harivaṃśa 1988. 5980. 6590. 6665.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 422.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 24, 1. 3.] — Nomen proprium eines Asura: krathastu rājanrājarṣiḥ kṣitau jajñe mahāsuraḥ .. pārvateya ini khyātaḥ kāñcanācalasaṃnibhaḥ . [Mahābhārata 1, 2665. fg.] [Harivaṃśa 2284. 12940. 14287.] — Vgl. krathana, krātha .

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Krātha (क्राथ):—m.

1) Tödtung, Mord [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 372.] Vgl. krath, krathana . —

2) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten [Mahābhārata 3, 489.] grahaṃ tu supuve yaṃ tu siṃhikārkendumardanam . sa krātha iti vikhyāto babhūva manujādhipaḥ .. [1, 2676.] ein Sohn Dhṛtarāṣṭra’s [3747.] Nomen proprium eines Nāga [16, 120.] eines Affen [3, 16287.] patron. von kratha [Harivaṃśa 4966. 5090. 6664.] Vgl. krathana .

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Kratha (क्रथ):—, krathakaiśikeśvara [Oxforder Handschriften 258,a,29.] — Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge Skanda's [Mahābhārata 9, 2572.]

--- OR ---

Krātha (क्राथ):—

2) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge Skanda's [Mahābhārata 9, 2572.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kratha (क्रथ):—m. Nomen proprium —

1) Pl. eines Volkes (stets in Comp. mit kaiśika). kaiśikādhipati m. [Bālarāmāyaṇa 72,5.] —

2) eines Sohnes des Vidarbha und Urahnen der Kratha. —

3) eines Wesens im Gefolge Skanda's. —

4) eines Asur.

--- OR ---

Krātha (क्राथ):—m.

1) *Mord.

2) Patron. von kratha. —

3) Nomen proprium — a) eines Fürsten. — b) eines Sohnes des Dhṛtarāṣṭra. — c) eines Wesens im Gefolge Skanda's. — d) eines Schlangendämons. — e) eines Affen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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