Maharava, Mahārava, Mahārāvā, Maha-rava: 10 definitions


Maharava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Maharava in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mahārava (महारव).—A King of the Yadu dynasty. In Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 218, we read that this Kṣatriya King had participated in the festival conducted by Yādavas at the Raivataka mountain.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mahārāva (महाराव) refers to a “loud explosive sound”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.32. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] O sage, on hearing the words spoken by you, Śiva became furious in a trice, Śiva of great fury and valour. Then Rudra, the destroyer of the world, plucked out a cluster of his matted hair and struck the top of the mountain with it. O sage, the cluster of the matted hair of the lord split into two, on being struck on the mountain. A loud explosive sound (mahārāva) was heard which was as terrific as the sound at the time of dissolution”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Mahārāva (महाराव) refers to the “great sound” according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] (4) One should think of the Wheel of Unstruck Sound above that (in the heart) as white and red. In the middle of that is the Great Sound (mahārāva), the most excellent Heart of the Yoginī, which is said to be dark blue, and red [i.e., sitāruṇa]. [...] (Perfect) contemplation (samādhi) is with (these) sixteen aspects and is (attained) within the form of the sixfold deposition (ṣoḍhānyāsa). He who knows this is (a veritable) Lord of Yogis, the others (who do not) are (just) quoting from books. Once attained the plane that is Void and Non-void, the yogi is freed from bondage”.

2) Mahārāvā (महारावा) refers to one of the eight Kaula consorts (dūtī-aṣṭaka) associated with Nādapīṭha (identified with Kulūta), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—[...] The eight Kaula consorts (dūtyaṣṭaka): Nivṛti, Pratiṣṭhā, Vidyā, Śānti, Kāladūtī, Mahārāvā, Rati, Prītikarī.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Mahārava (महारव) refers to one of the eight charnel grounds (śmaśāna) of the Jñānacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jñānacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. Mahārava is associated with the tree (vṛkṣa) named Devadāru and with the direction-guardian (dikpāla) named Daityaśiras.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mahārāva.—(BL), designation of a feudatory; from Sanskrit Mahārāja, Note: mahārāva is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahārava (महारव).—a frog.

Derivable forms: mahāravaḥ (महारवः).

Mahārava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and rava (रव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārava (महारव).—[masculine] loud sound or cry; [adjective] loud-sounding, crying, roaring.

--- OR ---

Mahārāva (महाराव).—[masculine] great howl or cry.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahārava (महारव):—[=mahā-rava] [from mahā > mah] mf(ā)n. loud-sounding, uttering loud cries, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. loud cries or roarings, [Hitopadeśa]

3) [v.s. ...] a frog, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Daitya, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] -bala)

5) [v.s. ...] of a man, [Mahābhārata]

6) Mahārāva (महाराव):—[=mahā-rāva] [from mahā > mah] m. loud cries, [Hitopadeśa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Maharava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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