Rava, Rāva: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Rava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rava (रव) refers to the “(inauspicious) sound” (of Śiva’s horn), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Sandal paste is applied on your body, while the ashes of the funeral pyre on that of Śiva. Where your silken garment and where the elephant-hide of Śiva. Where the divine ornaments and where the serpents of Śiva? Where the deities that move about and where Śiva, fond of goblins and their oblations? Where the pleasing sound of his tabor? Where His peculiar drum called Damaru? Where the set of fine drums and the inauspicious sound of his horn [i.e., śṛṅga-rava—śṛṃgaravaḥ śubhaḥ]? [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rava (रव).—Disciple of Lokākṣi, an avatār of the lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 134.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Rāva (राव, “resonance”).— The Tantrāloka refers to the authority of the Brahmayāmala to explain why resonance (the term used is rāva) is ten-fold. Resonance is said to be radiant (śrīmān) lit. “possessed of glory”. Jayaratha takes this epithet to refer to the dual nature of consciousness as both manifestation (prakāśa = rāva) and representation (vimarśa = rāviṇī, tasyaśrīḥ).

It is three- fold, because it is divided into “coarse”, “subtle” and “beyond”, each one of these three types originating either from the heart, the throat or the palate. To these three times three varieties is added the tenth, all-pervasive Resonance. Jayaratha identifies the three first types as the three levels of speech: vaikharī, madhyamā and paśyantī, and refers the reader to Abhinavagupta’s discussion of these in the third book of the Tantrāloka. The Yogin who masters this Resonance can ascend to ever higher forms of embodiment and thus achieve the ultimate merging.  The Yogin is instructed to practise daily until rāviṇī, the power of representation in the form of the highest verbal consciousness, arising from Resonance, merges into non-Resonance.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Rāva (राव) refers to “(inner) resonances”, according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—The Yoga of chapter 100 offers the possibility of accomplishing mastery over the clans of goddesses through a process of inner realization alone. Similarly, the Yoga of Brahmayāmala 99 (called vijñānapañcaka, “the five knowledges”) promises the ability to enter the bodies of others without recourse to external supports (cakra or yantra), through manipulation of a series of inner resonances (rāva). Incorporation of such meditational disciplines into the text’s latter strata marks a trend towards increasing differentiation between meditation and ‘ritual’—between yoga and kriyā—and the subversion of outer forms of ritual.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Rava (रव) refers to “(shouting out) ferocious bellows”, according to the Mahābhārata 10.8.64–68.—Accordingly, “Good sir, they saw her, Kālarātri, standing, smiling, alone, blue-black in hue, with red mouth and eyes, garlands and unguents of crimson, red robes, a noose in one hand, a peacock feather [in her hair], binding men, horses and elephants with her horrifying fetters while she stood, capturing many headless ghosts trapped in her noose, leading those asleep in their dreams to other Nights. And at all times the best soldiers saw the son of Droṇa slaughtering. From the time when the battle between the Kuru and Pāṇḍava armies began, they saw [both] that evil spirit and the son of Droṇa. The son of Droṇa later felled those who had first been struck by this divinity [Kālarātri], terrorizing all creatures while shouting out ferocious bellows (ravavinadan bhairavān ravān)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Rava (रव) is the name of an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahāvastu of the Mahāsaṃghikas (and the Lokottaravāda­ school).

Rava is is possibly identified with Varakalyāṇa, as mentioned in the Dīpavaṃśa and the Mahāvaṃśa. Varakalyāṇa is also mentioned in the Dulva (the Tibetan translation of the Vinaya of the Sarvāstivādins). Varakalyāṇa is also mentioned in the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rāva.—(IE 8-2; BL), spelt in English as Rao; title of subor- dinate rulers and noblemen; derived from Sanskrit Rājan; cf. Rāya. Note: rāva is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Rāva.—(LP), a complaint. Note: rāva is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rava : (m.) sound; roar; cry. || rāva (m.), a cry; howling; noise.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rāva, (fr. ravati, cp. rava) crying, howling; shout, noise J. I, 162 (baddha° the cry of one who is caught); IV, 415 (id.); VI, 475 (of the cries of animals, known to an expert); Miln. 254 (bherava-rāvaṃ abhiravati); Mhvs 10, 69 (mahā-rāvaṃ arāvi). (Page 570)

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1) Rava, 2 (fr. ru, cp. Vedic rava) loud sound, roar, shout, cry; any noise uttered by animals J. II, 110; III, 277; DhA. I, 232 (sabba-rava-ññu knowing all sounds of animals); Miln. 357 (kāruñña°). See also rāva & ruta. (Page 566)

2) Rava, 1 (for raya, with v. for y as frequent in Pāli, Dhtm 352: ru “gate”) speed, exceeding swiftness, galloping, in combination with dava running at Vin. II, 101; IV, 4; M. I, 446 (better reading here dav’atthe rav’atthe for dhāve ravatthe, cp. vv. ll. on p. 567 & Neumann, Mittl. Sammlg. II. 672 n. 49). Note. At the Vin passages it refers to speaking & making blunders by over-hurrying oneself in speaking.—The Dhtm (No. 871) gives rava as a synonym of rasa (with assāda & sneha). It is not clear what the connection is between those two meanings. (Page 565)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rava (रव).—m (S) Noise or sound. 2 fig. Fame, renown, noise. Ex. kīrttīcā tari jagīṃ rava hyācā ||.

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rava (रव).—f ravaṇa f n A line (of men or animals) in progress, a train. 2 A line (of descent or succession).

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ravā (रवा).—m ( H) A grain (as of gunpowder, sand &c.); a granule (as observable in congealed honey, ghee &c., in semilino or rolong flour, sugar &c.); grit (as in meal). 2 Granulous wheaten flour. 3 A lump or little mass (esp. of some granulous substance, of gūḷa, ghī &c.) 4 A particle (of gold or silver). 5 A bit of turmeric as scraped and colored in preparation for kuṅkūṃ. 6 A spoke of a wheel. 7 A depression in the goldsmith's stamp called pērāñcī avaṭī, forming a granule on the stamped trinket. ravā kāḍhaṇēṃ (In trials by ordeal.) To take a piece of metal out of heated oil.

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rāva (राव).—m (rājā) A king. Pr. rāva nēṇē sukaḷa dukaḷa. 2 As a title of honor it is affixed to the names of persons eminent as soldiers, clerks &c.; as baḷa- vantarāva, mādhavarāva. Applied also to the master of a house or an establishment or to other respectable person. 3 A tribe or an individual of it among Shudras. See marāṭhā. 4 A pretender to feats of arms, a swingebuckler, a Hector. Applied freely to any Would-be-somebody. rāva karīta nāhīṃ asēṃ gāṃva karitō The village (if it be unanimous, firmly resolved &c.) is more powerful than the king; "union is mighty." rāva khālīṃ ālē The Rao is alighted. A soft expression by the spectators when a great man falls from his horse. rāva ghōḍyākhālīṃ ālē The Rao is dead.

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rāvā (रावा).—m Prepared turmeric.

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rāvā (रावा) [or रांवा, rāṃvā].—m A parrot. Pr. jō jō rāvā paḍhē tō tō piñjaṛyānta paḍē Fools are free whilst sages are slaves.

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rāvā (रावा) [or रांवा, rāṃvā].—a (Abridged from rāvakhaṇḍā) Harelipped.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rava (रव).—m Sound. Fig. Fame. f A line.

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ravā (रवा).—m A grain. A lump. Grit; a particle of gold, &c.

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rāva (राव).—m A tribe. A swinge buckler. See rāya.

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rāvā (रावा).—m A parrot. a Hare-lipped.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rava (रव).—[ru-ap]

1) A cry, shriek, scream, yell, roar (of animals &c.); नरवरो रवरोषितकेसरी (naravaro ravaroṣitakesarī) R.; रवः श्रवणभेरवः (ravaḥ śravaṇabheravaḥ) Ve.3.4.

2) Singing, humming sound (of birds); R.9.29.

3) Clamour.

4) Noise or sound in general; घण्टा°, भूषण°, चाप° (ghaṇṭā°, bhūṣaṇa°, cāpa°) &c.

5) Thunder.

Derivable forms: ravaḥ (रवः).

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Rāva (राव).—[ru-ghañ]

1) A cry, scream, shriek, roar, the cry of any animal.

2) Sound in general; मुरजवाद्यरावः (murajavādyarāvaḥ); मधु- रिपुरावम् (madhu- ripurāvam) Gīt.11.

Derivable forms: rāvaḥ (रावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rava (रव).—(1) nt. (Sanskrit only m.), sound: ravaṃ, n. sg., Lalitavistara 299.11 (verse); (2) Rava [, v.l. Rāva, name of an ancient king, according to Mahāvastu i.348.8; probably a corruption for Vara- (kalyāṇa), but also confused with Roca, q.v., in one ms.]

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Rāva (राव).—[, v.l. for Rava, q.v.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rava (रव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Sound in general, cry, noise, singing of birds, &c. 2. A thunder. 3. A roar. E. ru to cry out, &c. aff. ap .

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Rāva (राव).—m.

(-vaḥ) Sound, noise. E. ru to cry or sound, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rava (रव).—i. e. ru + a, m. 1. Sound, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 79, 19 (at the end of a comp. adj.); cry, [Indralokāgamana] 1, 3; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 346; 408. 2. Talk, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1723, 3; [Pañcatantra] i. 30 (false r.; cf. my transl. and Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 2542).

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Rāva (राव).—i. e. ru + a, m. Sound, [Hitopadeśa] 92, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rava (रव).—[masculine] roar, howl, thunder, yell, cry; sound or noise i.[grammar]

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Rāva (राव).—[masculine] roaring, crying, sound, noise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rava (रव):—m. (√1. ru) a roar, yell, cry, howl (of animals, wild beasts etc.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) song, singing (of birds), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) hum, humming (of bees), [Raghuvaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) clamour, outcry, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) thunder, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata]

6) talk, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

7) any noise or sound (e.g. the whizz of a bow, the ringing of a bell etc.), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

8) Ravā (रवा):—[from rava] a f. See sub voce

9) b f. Gossypium Herbaceum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Rāva (राव):—m. (√1. ru) a cry, shriek, roar, yell, any sound or noise, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rava (रव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Sound in general, cry.

2) Rāva (राव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Sound, noise.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rāva (राव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Rava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Rava (रव) [Also spelled rav]:—(nm) noise, tumult.

2) Ravā (रवा):—(nm) a particle, grain; crystal; filings; semolina; ~[dāra] granular; crystalline; considerate; ~[dārī] granularity; considerateness; —[bhara] a very small quantity; equal to a grain.

3) Rāva (राव) [Also spelled rav]:—(nm) a prince, title of the princes of certain former states of India.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Rava (रव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Rāva.

2) Rava (रव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Rava.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rava (ರವ):—[noun] sound; noise.

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Rāva (ರಾವ):—

1) [noun] a long, loud cry (of animals).

2) [noun] a loud or confused shouting; a din of voices; clamour; noise.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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