Rava, Rāva: 14 definitions

Introduction

Rava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rava (रव).—Disciple of Lokākṣi, an avatār of the lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 134.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Rāva (राव, “resonance”).— The Tantrāloka refers to the authority of the Brahmayāmala to explain why resonance (the term used is rāva) is ten-fold. Resonance is said to be radiant (śrīmān) lit. “possessed of glory”. Jayaratha takes this epithet to refer to the dual nature of consciousness as both manifestation (prakāśa = rāva) and representation (vimarśa = rāviṇī, tasyaśrīḥ).

It is three- fold, because it is divided into “coarse”, “subtle” and “beyond”, each one of these three types originating either from the heart, the throat or the palate. To these three times three varieties is added the tenth, all-pervasive Resonance. Jayaratha identifies the three first types as the three levels of speech: vaikharī, madhyamā and paśyantī, and refers the reader to Abhinavagupta’s discussion of these in the third book of the Tantrāloka. The Yogin who masters this Resonance can ascend to ever higher forms of embodiment and thus achieve the ultimate merging.  The Yogin is instructed to practise daily until rāviṇī, the power of representation in the form of the highest verbal consciousness, arising from Resonance, merges into non-Resonance.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Rava (रव) is the name of an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahāvastu of the Mahāsaṃghikas (and the Lokottaravāda­ school).

Rava is is possibly identified with Varakalyāṇa, as mentioned in the Dīpavaṃśa and the Mahāvaṃśa. Varakalyāṇa is also mentioned in the Dulva (the Tibetan translation of the Vinaya of the Sarvāstivādins). Varakalyāṇa is also mentioned in the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rāva.—(IE 8-2; BL), spelt in English as Rao; title of subor- dinate rulers and noblemen; derived from Sanskrit Rājan; cf. Rāya. Note: rāva is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Rāva.—(LP), a complaint. Note: rāva is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rava : (m.) sound; roar; cry. || rāva (m.), a cry; howling; noise.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rāva, (fr. ravati, cp. rava) crying, howling; shout, noise J. I, 162 (baddha° the cry of one who is caught); IV, 415 (id.); VI, 475 (of the cries of animals, known to an expert); Miln. 254 (bherava-rāvaṃ abhiravati); Mhvs 10, 69 (mahā-rāvaṃ arāvi). (Page 570)

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1) Rava, 2 (fr. ru, cp. Vedic rava) loud sound, roar, shout, cry; any noise uttered by animals J. II, 110; III, 277; DhA. I, 232 (sabba-rava-ññu knowing all sounds of animals); Miln. 357 (kāruñña°). See also rāva & ruta. (Page 566)

2) Rava, 1 (for raya, with v. for y as frequent in Pāli, Dhtm 352: ru “gate”) speed, exceeding swiftness, galloping, in combination with dava running at Vin. II, 101; IV, 4; M. I, 446 (better reading here dav’atthe rav’atthe for dhāve ravatthe, cp. vv. ll. on p. 567 & Neumann, Mittl. Sammlg. II. 672 n. 49). Note. At the Vin passages it refers to speaking & making blunders by over-hurrying oneself in speaking.—The Dhtm (No. 871) gives rava as a synonym of rasa (with assāda & sneha). It is not clear what the connection is between those two meanings. (Page 565)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rava (रव).—m (S) Noise or sound. 2 fig. Fame, renown, noise. Ex. kīrttīcā tari jagīṃ rava hyācā ||.

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rava (रव).—f ravaṇa f n A line (of men or animals) in progress, a train. 2 A line (of descent or succession).

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ravā (रवा).—m ( H) A grain (as of gunpowder, sand &c.); a granule (as observable in congealed honey, ghee &c., in semilino or rolong flour, sugar &c.); grit (as in meal). 2 Granulous wheaten flour. 3 A lump or little mass (esp. of some granulous substance, of gūḷa, ghī &c.) 4 A particle (of gold or silver). 5 A bit of turmeric as scraped and colored in preparation for kuṅkūṃ. 6 A spoke of a wheel. 7 A depression in the goldsmith's stamp called pērāñcī avaṭī, forming a granule on the stamped trinket. ravā kāḍhaṇēṃ (In trials by ordeal.) To take a piece of metal out of heated oil.

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rāva (राव).—m (rājā) A king. Pr. rāva nēṇē sukaḷa dukaḷa. 2 As a title of honor it is affixed to the names of persons eminent as soldiers, clerks &c.; as baḷa- vantarāva, mādhavarāva. Applied also to the master of a house or an establishment or to other respectable person. 3 A tribe or an individual of it among Shudras. See marāṭhā. 4 A pretender to feats of arms, a swingebuckler, a Hector. Applied freely to any Would-be-somebody. rāva karīta nāhīṃ asēṃ gāṃva karitō The village (if it be unanimous, firmly resolved &c.) is more powerful than the king; "union is mighty." rāva khālīṃ ālē The Rao is alighted. A soft expression by the spectators when a great man falls from his horse. rāva ghōḍyākhālīṃ ālē The Rao is dead.

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rāvā (रावा).—m Prepared turmeric.

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rāvā (रावा) [or रांवा, rāṃvā].—m A parrot. Pr. jō jō rāvā paḍhē tō tō piñjaṛyānta paḍē Fools are free whilst sages are slaves.

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rāvā (रावा) [or रांवा, rāṃvā].—a (Abridged from rāvakhaṇḍā) Harelipped.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rava (रव).—m Sound. Fig. Fame. f A line.

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ravā (रवा).—m A grain. A lump. Grit; a particle of gold, &c.

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rāva (राव).—m A tribe. A swinge buckler. See rāya.

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rāvā (रावा).—m A parrot. a Hare-lipped.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rava (रव).—[ru-ap]

1) A cry, shriek, scream, yell, roar (of animals &c.); नरवरो रवरोषितकेसरी (naravaro ravaroṣitakesarī) R.; रवः श्रवणभेरवः (ravaḥ śravaṇabheravaḥ) Ve.3.4.

2) Singing, humming sound (of birds); R.9.29.

3) Clamour.

4) Noise or sound in general; घण्टा°, भूषण°, चाप° (ghaṇṭā°, bhūṣaṇa°, cāpa°) &c.

5) Thunder.

Derivable forms: ravaḥ (रवः).

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Rāva (राव).—[ru-ghañ]

1) A cry, scream, shriek, roar, the cry of any animal.

2) Sound in general; मुरजवाद्यरावः (murajavādyarāvaḥ); मधु- रिपुरावम् (madhu- ripurāvam) Gīt.11.

Derivable forms: rāvaḥ (रावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rava (रव).—(1) nt. (Sanskrit only m.), sound: ravaṃ, n. sg., Lalitavistara 299.11 (verse); (2) Rava [, v.l. Rāva, name of an ancient king, according to Mahāvastu i.348.8; probably a corruption for Vara- (kalyāṇa), but also confused with Roca, q.v., in one ms.]

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Rāva (राव).—[, v.l. for Rava, q.v.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rava (रव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Sound in general, cry, noise, singing of birds, &c. 2. A thunder. 3. A roar. E. ru to cry out, &c. aff. ap .

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Rāva (राव).—m.

(-vaḥ) Sound, noise. E. ru to cry or sound, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rava (रव).—i. e. ru + a, m. 1. Sound, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 79, 19 (at the end of a comp. adj.); cry, [Indralokāgamana] 1, 3; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 346; 408. 2. Talk, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1723, 3; [Pañcatantra] i. 30 (false r.; cf. my transl. and Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 2542).

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Rāva (राव).—i. e. ru + a, m. Sound, [Hitopadeśa] 92, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rava (रव).—[masculine] roar, howl, thunder, yell, cry; sound or noise i.[grammar]

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Rāva (राव).—[masculine] roaring, crying, sound, noise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rava (रव):—m. (√1. ru) a roar, yell, cry, howl (of animals, wild beasts etc.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) song, singing (of birds), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) hum, humming (of bees), [Raghuvaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) clamour, outcry, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) thunder, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata]

6) talk, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

7) any noise or sound (e.g. the whizz of a bow, the ringing of a bell etc.), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

8) Ravā (रवा):—[from rava] a f. See sub voce

9) b f. Gossypium Herbaceum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Rāva (राव):—m. (√1. ru) a cry, shriek, roar, yell, any sound or noise, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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