Magadhi, Māgadhī: 8 definitions



Magadhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Māgadhī (मागधी) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Māgadhī, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

2) Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to one of the seven “major dialects” (bhāṣā) in language, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 18. Accordingly, “Māgadhī is assigned to guards (lit. inmates) of the royal harem.”.

3) Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to a class of gīti: an ancient system of classification of rhythms, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Accordingly, “the māgadhī is sung in different tempos (vṛtti)”. These gītis also include special formations of syllables and variation in speed. It is also mentioned as gativṛtti. Śārṅgadeva uses the term mārga to indicate vṛtti or gativṛtti.

4) Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to one of the varieties of the catuṣpadā type of song, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. Accordingly, “that song which observes three tempos and three yatis, and includes three kinds of syllables in equal measure, and requires a tāla of thirty-one kalās, is called māgadhī”.

5) Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to one of the types of Rīti (‘style’ or ‘essence’ of poetry) according to Bhoja (in his Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Māgadhī (मागधी).—A river which flows through the middle of five mountains. (Sarga 32, Bāla Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Māgadhī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Māgadhī (मागधी) is another name for “Pippalī” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning māgadhī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to Jasminum auriculatum Vahl, and is the name of a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—Note: Māgadhī is a synonym of Pippalī.—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 305, Singh and Chunekar, 1999).—(Cf. Indian Medicinal Plants 4:290, Arya Vaidya Sala, 1993-96.).—Synonyms of Māgadhī: Yūthikā, Sūcimallikā.—(Cf. Indian Medicinal Plants 3:245, Arya Vaidya Sala, 1993-96.)

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Magadhi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

māgadhī : (f.) the language of Magadha.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Māgadhī (मागधी):—[from māgadha] f. a princess of the M°s [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] the daughter of a Kṣatriya mother and a Vaiśya father, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] a female bard, [Kādambarī]

4) [v.s. ...] (with or [scilicet] bhāṣā), the language of the M°s (one of the Prakṛt dialects), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc. (cf. ardha-m)

5) [v.s. ...] Jasminum Auriculatum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of spice, [Suśruta] (long pepper; white cumin; anise; dill; a species of cardamoms grown in Gujarat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

7) [v.s. ...] refined sugar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a river (= śoṇā), [Rāmāyaṇa]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Magadhi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Māgadhī (मागधी):—(nf) a Prakrit dialect spoken in eastern parts of India during mediaeval times.

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