Magadhi, Māgadhī: 5 definitions
Magadhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Māgadhī (मागधी) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Māgadhī, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.
2) Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to one of the seven “major dialects” (bhāṣā) in language, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 18. Accordingly, “Māgadhī is assigned to guards (lit. inmates) of the royal harem.”.
3) Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to a class of gīti: an ancient system of classification of rhythms, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Accordingly, “the māgadhī is sung in different tempos (vṛtti)”. These gītis also include special formations of syllables and variation in speed. It is also mentioned as gativṛtti. Śārṅgadeva uses the term mārga to indicate vṛtti or gativṛtti.
4) Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to one of the varieties of the catuṣpadā type of song, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. Accordingly, “that song which observes three tempos and three yatis, and includes three kinds of syllables in equal measure, and requires a tāla of thirty-one kalās, is called māgadhī”.
5) Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to one of the types of Rīti (‘style’ or ‘essence’ of poetry) according to Bhoja (in his Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Māgadhī (मागधी).—A river which flows through the middle of five mountains. (Sarga 32, Bāla Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Māgadhī (मागधी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Māgadhī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
māgadhī : (f.) the language of Magadha.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+15): Ardhamagadhi, Pippali, Riti, Giti, Vyayukta, Grameluka, Osakkati, Seyyatha, Milakkhu, Kshaudra, Labbha, Bhasha, Kupsara, Shona, Shonabhadra, Upakulya, Bhadanta, Pallanka, Pali, Dhammakitti.
Search found 17 books and stories containing Magadhi, Māgadhī; (plurals include: Magadhis, Māgadhīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Settlement in Early Historic Ganga Plain (by Chirantani Das)
Part 10 - Water-Drainage System (regarding Rājagṛha) < [Chapter I - The Case Study of Rājagṛha]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Notes on Āsana (postures) < [Notes]
Seventeen kinds of grain < [Notes]
Part 29: The people in the Manuṣyaloka < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XIV - Treatment of eye-diseases which require Incision < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter XXVI - Treatment of diseases of the head < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter LV - Symptoms and Treatment of repression of natural urging (Udavarta) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]