Magadheshvara, aka: Magadheśvara, Magadha-ishvara; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Magadheshvara means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Magadheśvara can be transliterated into English as Magadhesvara or Magadheshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Magadheshvara in Jainism glossaries]

Magadheśvara (मगधेश्वर) is another name for Jarāsandha: the ninth Prativāsudeva according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Jain legends describe nine such Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes) usually appearing as powerful but evil antagonists instigating Vāsudeva by subjugating large portions of Bharata-land. As such, they are closely related with the twin brothers known as the Vāsudevas (“violent heroes”) and the Baladevas (“gentle heroes”).

The Prativāsudevas (such as Magadheśvara) fight against the twin-heroes with their cakra-weapon but at the final moment are killed by the Vāsudevas. Their stories are narrated in the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Magadheshvara in Sanskrit glossaries]

Magadheśvara (मगधेश्वर).—

1) a king of the Magadhas.

2) Name of Parantapa; प्राक् संनिकर्षं मगधेश्वरस्य (prāk saṃnikarṣaṃ magadheśvarasya) R.6.2.

3) Name of Jarāsandha.

Derivable forms: magadheśvaraḥ (मगधेश्वरः).

Magadheśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms magadha and īśvara (ईश्वर).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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