Magadheshvara, Magadheśvara, Magadha-ishvara: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Magadheshvara means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Magadheśvara can be transliterated into English as Magadhesvara or Magadheshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Magadheshvara in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Magadheśvara (मगधेश्वर) is another name for Jarāsandha: the ninth Prativāsudeva according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Jain legends describe nine such Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes) usually appearing as powerful but evil antagonists instigating Vāsudeva by subjugating large portions of Bharata-land. As such, they are closely related with the twin brothers known as the Vāsudevas (“violent heroes”) and the Baladevas (“gentle heroes”).

The Prativāsudevas (such as Magadheśvara) fight against the twin-heroes with their cakra-weapon but at the final moment are killed by the Vāsudevas. Their stories are narrated in the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Magadheśvara (मगधेश्वर) refers to one of the nine Prativāsudevas (enemies of Vāsudevas), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly: “[...] Aśvagrīva, Tāraka, Meraka, Madhu, Niśumbha, Bali, Pralhāda (Prahlāda), Laṅkeśa, Magadheśvara, rivals of the Vāsudevas, all fighting with the cakra, will perish from their own cakras which have gone to the hands of the Vāsudevas”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Magadheshvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Magadheśvara (मगधेश्वर).—

1) a king of the Magadhas.

2) Name of Parantapa; प्राक् संनिकर्षं मगधेश्वरस्य (prāk saṃnikarṣaṃ magadheśvarasya) R.6.2.

3) Name of Jarāsandha.

Derivable forms: magadheśvaraḥ (मगधेश्वरः).

Magadheśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms magadha and īśvara (ईश्वर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Magadheśvara (मगधेश्वर).—m.

(-raḥ) A name of Jara Sand'Ha. E. magadha South Bihar, īśvara king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Magadheśvara (मगधेश्वर):—[from magadha] m. a king of the M°, [Raghuvaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a king of the M°s [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Magadheśvara (मगधेश्वर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Jarasandha.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Magadheśvara (मगधेश्वर):—[(magadha + ī)] m. Fürst der Magadha: Paraṃtapa [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 20.] Jarāsaṃdha, einer der 9 Gegner Kṛṣṇa’s, [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 699.] Nomen proprium eines Fürsten von Magadha [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 16, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Magadheśvara (मगधेश्वर):—m.

1) ein Fürst der Magadha.

2) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten der Magadha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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