Magadhas, Māgadhas: 1 definition

Introduction

Introduction:

Magadhas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Magadhas in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Māgadhas (मागधस्).—A particular tribe of people. If the work of Sūtas was to drive chariots and the work of Pulkasas to hunt, the work of the Māgadhas was that of an adulator. (Chapter 151, Agni Purāṇa). This work of a flatterer was given to them by Brahmā. When the emperor Pṛthu was born, Brahmā conducted a Yāga. On the day of sutyā at the place of Somābhiṣava of the Yāga a very intelligent Sūta was born. At the same yāga a Māgadha also was born. He was a great scholar. Then the sages told Māgadha and Sūta thus: "Praise this king Pṛthu, who is the valorous son of Vena. Praising is the fittest work suited to you both. Pṛthu deserves praise."

Then the Sūta-Māgadhas placing their hands on their breasts with respect said, "What do we know of the qualities and capabilities of a king just born? His fame is not known. Based on what should we sing praises of him?" Hearing this the sages said that they should praise him for the qualities which he would be possessing in future. The king was pleased to hear that. Sūta-Māgadhas started singing eulogistic songs based on the qualities and exploits of a Pṛthu to be. Pṛthu then appointed Sūta as his charioteer and Māgadha as his adulator. From then onwards the Sūta family became charioteers and the Māgadha family flatterers. (Chapters 13—70 Aṃsa 1, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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