Kira, Kīra: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kavya

Kīra refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa written by Viśākhadeva. Kīra corresponds to the Kangra valley.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Kīra (कीर) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Kīrāgrāma or Baijnātha in the Punjab. However, Rājaśekhara in his Kāvyamīmāṃsā includes it amongst the countries of the Uttarāpatha. Therefore, it may be possible to locate this region in south Afghanistan to the north of the Kīrthār range.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kira : (ind.) really; truly; (refers to a report by hear-say). || kīra (m.), a parrot.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kira, (& Kila) (Vedic kila) adv. 1. emphatic: really, truly, surely. (Gr. dή) — 2. presumptive (with pres. or fut.): I should think one would expect.—3. narrative (with aor.): now, then, you know (Gr. de, Lat. at, G. aber). ‹-› kira in continuous story is what “iti” is in direct or indirect speech. It connects new points in a narrative with something preceding, either as expected or guessed. It is aoristic in character (cp. Sk. sma). In questions it is dubitative, while in ordinary statements it gives the appearance of probability, rather than certainty, to the sentence. Therefore the definitions of commentators: “people say” or “I have heard”: kirasaddo anussavane: “kira refers to a report by hearsay” PvA. 103; kira-saddo anussav’atthe J. I, 158; VvA. 322 are conventional and one-sided, and in both cases do not give the meaning required at the specified passages. The same holds good for J. I, 158 & II. 430 (kirā ti anussavatthe nipāto).—1. mahantaṃ kira Bārāṇasirajjaṃ “the kingdom of B. is truly great” J. I, 126; attā hi kira duddamo “self is difficult to subdue, we know” Dh. 159; amoghaṃ kira me puṭṭhaṃ Sn. 356.—na kira surely not Sn. 840; J. I, 158.—2. esā kira Visākhā nāma “that I presume is the Visākhā” (of whom we have heard) DhA. I, 399; petā hi kira jānanti “the petas, I should say, will know” Pv. II, 710; evaṃ kira Uttare? “I suppose this is so, Uttarā” VvA. 69. evaṃ kira saggaṃ gamissatha “thus you will surely go to Heaven” Vv 828; “I hear” DhA. I, 392.—3. atīte kira with aor. once upon a time ... PvA. 46, etc.; so kira pubbe ... akāsi, at one time, you know, he had made ... J. I, 125; sā kira dāsī adāsi now the maid gave her ... PvA. 46; cp. J. I, 195, etc. (Page 215)

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Kīra, (cp. Sk. kīra) a parrot Abhp 640 (cp. cirīṭi). (Page 217)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kira (किर).—ad (Poetry.) Certainly. See kīra ad.

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kīra (कीर).—m (S) A parrot.

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kīra (कीर).—ad (Poetry. kila S) Certainly, assuredly, verily. Ex. mōkṣa durārādhya kīra hōya || tōhī ārādhī tujhē pāya || mhaṇōni yē viśīcā maja dēvā || bharavasā kīra jhālā dēvā ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kīra (कीर).—m A parrot. ad (In Poetry.) Cer- tainly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kira (किर).—A hog.

Derivable forms: kiraḥ (किरः).

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Kīra (कीर).—1 A parrot; एवं कीरवरे मनोरथमयं पीयूषमास्वादयति (evaṃ kīravare manorathamayaṃ pīyūṣamāsvādayati) Bv.1.58; स कीरवन्मानुषवागवादीत् (sa kīravanmānuṣavāgavādīt) N.3.12.

-rāḥ (pl.) The country and the people in Kāśmīra.

-ram Flesh.

Derivable forms: kīraḥ (कीरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kira (किर).—m.

(-raḥ) A hog. E. kṝ to scatter, ka affix; also kiri.

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Kīra (कीर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A parrot. 2. Kashmir. m. plu.

(-rāḥ) The people of Kashmir, n.

(-raṃ) Flesh. E. bad, vile, īr to send or order, ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kira (किर).—i. e. kṛ10 + a, m. A hog.

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Kīra (कीर).—m. 1. A parrot, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 19, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīra (कीर).—[masculine] parrot; [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kira (किर):—[from kir] mf(ā)n. scattering, etc., [Pāṇini 3-1, 135] (cf. mṛt-kirā)

2) [v.s. ...] m. a hog, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. kiṭi, kiri.)

3) Kīra (कीर):—m. a parrot, [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā] etc.

4) m. [plural] Name of the people and of the country of Kaśmir, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Mudrārākṣasa]

5) n. flesh, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kira (किर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A hog.

2) Kīra (कीर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A parrot. n. Flesh.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kira (किर):—nom. ag. von 3. kar [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 135.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 32.] — m. ein wildes Schwein [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1287.] Vgl. kiṭi, kiri .

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Kīra (कीर):—

1) m. a) Papagei [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 21.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 5, 17.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1335.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 402.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 16.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 19, 14.] — b) das Land und die Bewohner (pl.) von Kaśmīra [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 1, 8.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Mudrārākṣasa 112, 1.] in Verbindung mit kāśmīra [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 14, 29] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 242.] —

2) n. Fleisch (vgl. kīna) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Kira (किर):—vgl. mṛtkirā .

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Kīra (कीर):—

1) a) [HĀLA 74. 312.] — b) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S.4,23. 32,19.] [Oxforder Handschriften 339,b,42.] — Vgl. paṅka, vākkīra, goṇḍakīrī, rāmakīrī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kira (किर):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) ausstreuend u.s.w. —

2) m. Wildschwein.

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Kīra (कीर):——

1) m. — a) Papagei [Indische sprüche 7669.] — b) Pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes. —

2) *n. Fleisch.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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