Kirana, Kiraṇa: 17 definitions



Kirana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kiran.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Kiraṇa (किरण) or Kiraṇāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The Śaivāgamas are divided into four groups viz. Śaiva, Pāśupata, Soma and Lākula. Śaiva is further divided in to Dakṣiṇa, Vāma and Siddhānta (e.g., kiraṇa).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Kiraṇa (किरण) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘puṣpa’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., kiraṇa) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kiraṇa : (m.; nt.) ray; effulgence.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kiraṇa, (nt.) 1. (fr. kṛ, karoti to do) an occupation, place of work, workshop J. IV, 223. Cp. kita & kittima. ‹-› 2. (fr. kṛ, kirati to scatter, cp. pp. kiṇṇa) scattering, effusion (of sun rays), effulgence VvA. 169, 199. (Page 215)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kiraṇa (किरण).—m (S) A ray of light; a sun beam or moonbeam. 2 n Sunshine.

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kiraṇa (किरण).—n See kirāṇa. A bound &c.

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kirāṇa (किराण).—n Properly kilāṇa. A bound, spring, leap. v māra, ṭāka, sādha. By some this word is restricted to signify A leap, heels over head (as into water), a somerset. v māra. 2 An aim. v sādha, bāndha, cuka.

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kirāṇa (किराण).—m (Vulgar corr. of kiraṇa A ray.) The first rays of the rising, or the last of the setting, sun. v paḍa & rāha respectively.

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kirāṇā (किराणा).—m Grocery: (sugars, spices, raisins &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kiraṇa (किरण).—m A ray of light; a sunbeam or moon-beam.nSunshine.

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kirāṇā (किराणा).—m Grocery (sugars, spices, &c.).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kiraṇa (किरण).—[kṛ-kyu Uṇ.2.81]

1) A ray or beam of light, a ray (of the sun, moon or any shining substance); रविकिरणसहिष्णु (ravikiraṇasahiṣṇu) Ś.2.4; एको हि दोषो गुणसंनिपाते निमज्जतीन्दोः किरणेष्विवाङ्कः (eko hi doṣo guṇasaṃnipāte nimajjatīndoḥ kiraṇeṣvivāṅkaḥ) Ku.1.3; Śānti.4.6; R.5.74; Śi.4.58; °मय (maya) radiant, brilliant.

2) A small particle of dust.

3) The sun.

Derivable forms: kiraṇaḥ (किरणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kiraṇa (किरण).—m., a kind of evil spirit (associated with kākhorda, vetāla or °ḍa): Mahāvyutpatti 4374; Mahā-Māyūrī 220.18. Tibetan on Mahāvyutpatti gyeṅs byed, which according to [Tibetan-English Dictionary] = Sanskrit kiṭi, ‘fig. a pig’. For Sanskrit kiṭi, wild hog, Lexx. give also kira, kiri. But our word certainly means a demon (possibly supposed to resemble a swine?).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiraṇa (किरण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A ray of light, a sun or moon beam. 2. The sun. E. ka to scatter, (light,) and kyu Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiraṇa (किरण).—i. e. kṛ10 + ana, m. A ray of light, [Pañcatantra] 223, 3; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 199, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiraṇa (किरण).—[masculine] very small dust, a mote, a ray or beam of light.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kiraṇā (किरणा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted by Abhinavagupta. Catal. Io. p. 840.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kiraṇa (किरण):—[from kir] m. dust, very minute dust, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] a rein (a meaning drawn probably [from] [Ṛg-veda iv, 38, 6]), [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 5]

3) [v.s. ...] a ray or beam of light, a sunor moonbeam, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (perhaps) thread, [Ṛg-veda x, 106, 4; Atharva-veda xx, 133, 1 and 2]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a kind of Ketu (of which twenty-five are named), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Śaiva work, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

8) Kiraṇā (किरणा):—[from kiraṇa > kir] f. Name of a river, [Skanda-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiraṇa (किरण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. A ray of the sun.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kiraṇa (किरण):—

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Kiraṇa (किरण):—

5) Bez. von [?25 best Ketu Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 11, 10.] —

6) Titel eines zum Śaivadarśana gehörigen Buches [SARVADARŚANAS. 89, 18] (vgl. karaṇa). kiraṇākhyatantra (über Architectur) citirt von [BHAṬṬOTP.] zu [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 53.] —

7) f. ā Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Oxforder Handschriften 71,a,21.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kiraṇa (किरण) [Also spelled kiran]:—(nf) a ray, beam; —[phūṭanā] a ray to shoot forth.

2) Kirānā (किराना):—(nm) grocery.

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