Kundika, Kuṇḍika, Kuṇḍikā: 18 definitions


Kundika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Kuṇḍikā (कुण्डिका) refers to a weapon (“water pot”, “pitcher”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kuṇḍika (कुण्डिक).—Great-grandson of King Kuru of the lunar dynasty, and son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 58).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kuṇḍika (कुण्डिक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.89.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kuṇḍika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Kuṇḍikā (कुण्डिका) or Kuṇḍikāpātra refers to a “vessel”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] Now the characteristics of the ground on which the water clock is to be set up. On a ground, sloped to the east and north, which has been smeared with cow-dung, a vessel called kuṇḍa [i.e., kuṇḍikā-pātra], faultless (avraṇa) and auspicious, should be placed ... upon grains of rice and should be encircled with thread dyed in saffron; then it should be filled with clear water. The water clock (i.e. the bowl) should be placed on the placid water in the basin, when the Sun’s orb is half visible, after worshipping Gaṇeśa and the Sun, and after bowing to the teacher and to the personal deity. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Kundika in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Kuṇḍika (कुण्डिक) refers to “pan (filled with water)” (used for bathing one’s hawk), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] Pans (kuṇḍika) full of water should be kept before them for bathing. If they cast their gorge, then the medicine is, powdered Methi (Trigonella foenum-graecum) with buffalo-butter. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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India history and geography

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (history)

Kuṇḍikā (कुण्डिका) refers to a “vessel” or “basin”.—From about the fourth century A.D. up to recent times the water clock of the sinking bowl type (Ghaṭikā or Ghaṭīyantra) has been the chief device in India for measuring time. The instrument consists of a hemispherical bowl (ghaṭikā or ghaṭī) with a minute perforation at the bottom. When this bowl is placed on the surface of water in a larger vessel or basin (kuṇḍa, kuṇḍikā, kuṇḍī), water slowly percolates into the bowl through the perforation. When the bowl is full, it sinks to the bottom of the vessel with a clearly audible thud. The weight of the vessel and the size of the perforation are so regulated that the bowl sinks sixty times in a nychthemeron (ahorātra). Thus the time taken for filling the bowl once is one-sixtieth part of a nychthemeron, or twenty-four minutes. This was the standard unit of time measurement in India and is called ghaṭikā or ghaṭī after the name of the bowl. The ghaṭikā is subdivided into sixty vighaṭikās, which are also called palas.

Source: archive.org: S.V.U.Oriental Journal, Vol. XI, Jan-Dec 1968, Parts 1&2

Kuṇḍika is another name for the river Brahmakuṇḍi of Āndhradeśa (Andhra country).—The Brahmakuṇḍi or Guṇḍlakamma unlike several other larger rivers which are tributaries, has an independent course and falls into the Bay of Bengal. It had more in common with the larger rivers except in its length where it resembles the minor rivers. On either side of the holy river (viz., Kuṇḍika), flourished kingdoms of the Yādavas of Addanki and of the Reḍḍis subsequently. Centres of pilgrimage, eg., Kanuparti had their heyday. The region and the river are celebrated in the records and literature of the Reḍḍis and relics of bygone glory are seen even today.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kuṇḍikā.—(LP), a reservoir of water. Note: kuṇḍikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kundika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuṇḍikā : (f.) a pitcher; water-jug.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kuṇḍika, (cp. kuṇḍa) bending, in ahi-kuṇḍika (?) a snake charmer (lit. bender) J. IV, 308 (v. l. S. guṇṭhika) see ahi; and catu-kuṇḍika bent as regards his four limbs, i.e. walking on all fours M. I, 79; Pv III, 24 (expl. at PvA. 181). (Page 220)

— or —

Kuṇḍikā, (f.) a water-pot J. I, 8, 9, II. 73 (=kamaṇḍalu), 317; V, 390; DhA. I, 92 (cp. kuṭa). (Page 220)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṇḍikā (कुण्डिका).—

1) A pitcher.

2) A student's water-pot (kamaṇḍalu). कुण्डिकां वामहस्ते च धारयेत्तु सरस्वती (kuṇḍikāṃ vāmahaste ca dhārayettu sarasvatī) Māna.54.22; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.18.19.

3) A small pool; नवा कुण्डिका (navā kuṇḍikā) Mahābhārata on P.I.1.44.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kuṇḍika (कुण्डिक).—(m. or nt.; compare AMg. kuṇḍiya, water-pot, according to [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary] m.; Sanskrit kuṇḍaka, kuṇḍikā), water-pot: Lalitavistara 249.9 (prose; no v.l.) (aṅgāradhātu-kaṣāya-tridaṇḍa- muṇḍika)-kuṇḍika-kapāla-khaṭvāṅga-dhāraṇaiś ca (all as- cetics' paraphernalia).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṇḍikā (कुण्डिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A student’s waterpot, the Kamandalu. 2. A pitcher. E. kuṇḍa a pitcher, &c. kan added with the fem. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṇḍikā (कुण्डिका):—[from kuṇḍaka > kuṇḍa] a f. (ifc. [Pāṇini 8-3, 45; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) a pot, student’s water-pot, [Upaniṣad; Patañjali on Pāṇini 1-3, 6; Harivaṃśa 14836] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of an, [Upaniṣad]

3) Kuṇḍika (कुण्डिक):—[from kuṇḍa] m. Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata i, 3747]

4) Kuṇḍikā (कुण्डिका):—[from kuṇḍika > kuṇḍa] b f. See kuṇḍaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṇḍikā (कुण्डिका):—(kā) 1. f. A student’s water pot, a pitcher.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuṇḍikā (कुण्डिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kiṃḍigā, Kuḍiyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kundika in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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