Kalanka, Kalaṅka, Kalamka: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Kalanka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Kalaṅka (कलङ्क) refers to “stain (stone defect) § 2.10.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Kalaṅka (कलङ्क) is the name of a Śmaśāna (cremation ground) [i.e., oṃ kalaṅkaśmaśānāya hūṃ phaṭ svāhā], according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kalaṅka (कलङ्क) refers to “stains” (arising from eternity), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This [self], which is master of the three worlds, omniscient [and] possessed of infinite power, does not recognise itself and has deviated from its own true nature. Tarnished by awful stains (bhīmabhīmaiḥ kalaṅkaiḥ) arising from eternity, it grasps objects according to its own desire which are very different from itself”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kalanka [कळंक] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss from the Poaceae (Grass) family having the following synonyms: Arundo bambos, Bambos arundinacea, Bambusa arundinacea. For the possible medicinal usage of kalanka, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalanka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kalaṅka : (m.) a spot; mark; fault.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kalaṅka (कलंक).—m (S) Rust of copper or brass, verdigris. Applied also to the base portion of silver, the dross of iron &c. 2 A spot or mark; esp. the dark portion of the moon's disk. 3 fig. A stain, slur, sully, stigma.

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kaḷaṅka (कळंक).—f A clump or cluster of bamboos. 2 m A single stick of this cluster. 3 (Properly kalaṅka q. v.) Verdigris &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kalaṅka (कलंक).—m Verdigris. A stigma. A spot.

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kaḷaṅka (कळंक).—m A bamboo of a large kind.

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kaḷaṅka (कळंक).—f A cluster of bamboos. m Verdi- gris. Filth. Slur, stigma.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalaṅka (कलङ्क).—

1) A spot, a mark, a dark spot (lit.); धारानिबद्धेव कलङ्करेखा (dhārānibaddheva kalaṅkarekhā) R.13.15.

2) (Fig.) A stain, stigma, obloquy, disrepute; व्यपनयतु कलङ्कं स्वस्वभावेन सैव (vyapanayatu kalaṅkaṃ svasvabhāvena saiva) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.34; R.14.37; so कुल° (kula°).

3) A fault, defect; विद्या नाधिगता कलङ्करहिता (vidyā nādhigatā kalaṅkarahitā) Bhartṛhari 3.48.

4) Rust of iron.

5) A sectarial mark on the forehead; 'कलङ्कः कृष्णवर्णे स्यात् तमाले तिलकेऽपि च (kalaṅkaḥ kṛṣṇavarṇe syāt tamāle tilake'pi ca)' Nm.

Derivable forms: kalaṅkaḥ (कलङ्कः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalaṅka (कलङ्क).—m.

(-ṅkaḥ) 1. A spot or mark. 2. Defamation, abuse. 3. The rust of iron. E. ka Brahma, water, &c. laki to deface, and ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalaṅka (कलङ्क).— (probably an anomalous compound, kala-aṅka), m. 1. A spot, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 86, 42. 2. The rust of iron, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 13, 15. 3. Defamation, [Pañcatantra] 4, 6, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalaṅka (कलङ्क).—[masculine] spot, mark (l.&[feminine]); poss. kin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kalaṅka (कलङ्क) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Kavikalaṅka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalaṅka (कलङ्क):—m. ([etymology] doubtful) a stain, spot, mark, soil

2) defamation, blame, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Mṛcchakaṭikā etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalaṅka (कलङ्क):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A spot; rust of iron; defamation, abuse.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kalaṅka (कलङ्क) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kalaṃka.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kalanka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kalaṃka (कलंक) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kalaṅka.

2) Kalaṃka (कलंक) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kalaṃṅka.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kalaṃka (ಕಲಂಕ):—

1) [noun] a mark that mars the appearance, as a stain, spot, scar, etc.; a mark left on the skin or other tissue after a wound, burn, ulcer, pustule, lesion, etc. has healed; cicatrix; a scar.

2) [noun] any flaw, defect, stigma or shortcoming; deficiency.

3) [noun] sharp criticism.

4) [noun] blame; accusation; condemnation; censure.

5) [noun] a reddishor yellowish-brown coating formed on iron or steel by oxidation, esp. as a result of moisture; rust.

6) [noun] a visible mass of condensed watery vapour floating in the atmosphere high above the general level of the ground; a cloud.

7) [noun] the quality or an instance of being intense or severe; intensty; severity.

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Kaḷaṃka (ಕಳಂಕ):—

1) [noun] a mark that mars the appearance, as a stain, spot, scar, etc.; a mark left on the skin or other tissue after a wound, burn, ulcer, pustule, lesion, etc. has healed; cicatrix ; a scar.

2) [noun] any flaw, defect, stigma or shortcoming; deficiency.

3) [noun] sharp criticism.

4) [noun] an imputation of wrongdoing; blame; stigma; a slur; condemnation; censure.

5) [noun] a reddish-brown or yellowish-brown coating formed on iron or steel by oxidation, esp. as a result of moisture; rust.

6) [noun] a visible mass of condensed watery vapour floating in the atmosphere high above the general level of the ground; a cloud.

7) [noun] the quality or an instance of being intense or severe; intensty; severity.

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Kāḷaṃka (ಕಾಳಂಕ):—

1) [noun] a secret path.

2) [noun] a path used by thieves.

3) [noun] an improper, unfit, immoral way or manner.

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Kāḷaṃka (ಕಾಳಂಕ):—

1) [noun] a mark that mars the appearance, as a stain, spot, scar, etc. ; a mark left on the skin or other tissue after a wound, burn, ulcer, pustule, lesion, etc. has healed; cicatrix.

2) [noun] any flaw, defect, stigma or shortcoming; deficiency.

3) [noun] the black colour.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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