Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances

by Bhudeb Mookerjee | 1938 | 47,185 words | ISBN-10: 8170305829 | ISBN-13: 9788170305828

This third volume of the Rasa-jala-nidhi deals with purification techniques of the Seven Metals (sapta-dhatu) and various Gems (ratna). It also deals with substances such as Alkalis (kshara), Salts (lavana), Poisions (visha) and Semi-poisions (upavisha) as well as various alcholic liquors. The Rasa-jala-nidhi (“the ocean of Iatrochemistry, or, che...

Introduction to Poisons (visha)

Inorganic poison.

Inorganic poisons are of ten different forms, viz. (1) roots, (2) leaves, (3) fruits, (4) flowers, (5) barks, (6) milk of plants or tree, (7) wood (8) exudations, (9) metals, and (10) tubers.

Of these, poisons in the form of tubers are the best. Such poisons (visha) are of eighteen different kinds, viz. (1) saktuka, (2) mustaka, (3) shringi, (4) baluka, (5) sarshapa, (6) batsa-nabha, (7) kurma, (8) sveta-shringi, (9) kalakuta, (10) mesha-shringi, (11) balabala, (12) dardura, (13) karkata, (14) markata, (15) granthi, (16) haridra, (17) rakta-shringa, and (18) keshara.

Of these eighteen, the first eight are to be used according to directions, whereas the last ten (viz. from kalakuta to keshara) are to be avoided altogether.

Organic poision.

There are sixteen different sources of organic poisons, viz. eye-sight, respiration, teeth, nails, urine, stool, semen, saliva, mense blood, sting, a peculiarly ugly sound made by the rectum, rectum, bone, bile, bristles, and carcases. (For details, see Chapter III, Kalpa-sthana, Sushruta).

Of all the organic poisons, only poison of snakes is to be utilized for medicinal purposes. The poison (visha) obtained from a youthfull black serpent (cobra) is preferable to that obtained from other serpents. This poison also has a great healing property. It gradually pacifies the three doshas. It increases enormously the power of digestion, as soon as it is taken internally (of course, in the manner to he prescribed in vol. IV and the subsequent volumes), In curing diseases due to the abnormal excess of the three doshas, it is the master of all the drugs. Duly applied, it also acts like nectar, and is a reviver of the dead in cholera and in fever due to the three doshas.

Merits of good poisons.

Poison, if taken in the prescribed way, is an increaser of vitality and curer and preventer of diseases and senility. It is an increaser of the properties, good or evil, of a thing which is taken with it. It pacifies the three doshas, is nutritious, and increases semen. The demerits of salutary poisons are removed by their purification (in the way to he described later). Poisons are, therefore, to be duly purified, before they are used as medicine.


Rasasastra category This concludes ‘Introduction to Poisons (visha)’ included in Bhudeb Mookerjee Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory. The text includes treatments, recipes and remedies and is categorised as Rasa Shastra: an important branch of Ayurveda that specialises in medicinal/ herbal chemistry, alchemy and mineralogy, for the purpose of prolonging and preserving life.

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