Kalabha, aka: Kalabhā; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kalabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kalabhā (कलभा) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Kalabhā, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Kalabha in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kalabha (कलभ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.13.12) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kalabha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kalabha in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kalabha : (m.) a young elephant.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kalabha, (cp. Sk. kalabha) the young of an elephant: see hatthi° and cp. kalāra. (Page 198)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Kalabha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kalabhā (कलभा).—m (kalamā or kalamhā q. v.) Brawl, squabble, clamor, vociferation. v lāva, māṇḍa, kara, māja &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalabha (कलभ).—(bhī f.) [kal-abhac Uṇ.3.122; karaṇe śuṇḍayā bhāti; bhā-ka, rasya latvam Tv.]

1) A young elephant, cub; ननु कलभेन यूथपतेरनुकृतम् (nanu kalabhena yūthapateranukṛtam) M.5; द्विपेन्द्रभावं कलभः श्रयन्निव (dvipendrabhāvaṃ kalabhaḥ śrayanniva) R.3.32;11.39;18.38. Bhāg.8.2.23.

2) An elephant 3 years old.

3) A young camel; the young of any other animal.

4) A particular fragrant substance used as an unguent, कलभः करिपोतके । अङ्गलेपन वस्तूनां विशेषेऽपि पुमान् भवेत् (kalabhaḥ karipotake | aṅgalepana vastūnāṃ viśeṣe'pi pumān bhavet) | Nm.

Derivable forms: kalabhaḥ (कलभः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Hatthin
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