Kalabhairava, Kālabhairava, Kala-bhairava: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Kalabhairava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Kālabhairava is the name of a deity depicted in the Jambukeswarar Temple in Tiruvānaikoyil (Thiruvanaikaval) which is one of the Pañcasabhā or “five halls where Śiva is said to have danced”.— Kāla Bhairava is found in standing posture with four arms. The upper right hand holds paraśu in kaṭaka-hasta,and the upper left hand holds ḍamaru with a snake on it (in kaṭaka-hasta). The lower right hand holds triśūla in kaṭaka,and the lower left hand is in vismaya-hasta, holding kapāla (skull). All these are the usual attributes of Bhairava. However there is no dog seen near the feet of Kāla Bhairava.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kalabhairava in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kālabhairava (कालभैरव) is the name of a deity who had plucked off the fifth head of Brahmā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.35. Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Dakṣa:—“[...] whether it is heaven or earth, Pātāla or any where else, it is not difficult for the weapons of Vīrabhadra to gain access there. Such is the power of everyone of the attendants of the trident-bearing Rudra. Formerly at Kāśī, Kālabhairava had plucked off the fifth head of Brahmā playfully with the tip of his nail”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalabhairava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāḷabhairava (काळभैरव).—m A deity at Benares, an incarnation of Shiva. Called also kāśīcā kōtavāla q. v.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalabhairava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kālabhairava (कालभैरव).—an epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: kālabhairavaḥ (कालभैरवः).

Kālabhairava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāla and bhairava (भैरव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalabhairava (कलभैरव):—[=kala-bhairava] [from kala] m. or n. (?), Name of a deep ravine in the mountain between the rivers Tāpī and Narmadā.

2) Kālabhairava (कालभैरव):—[=kāla-bhairava] [from kāla] m. a form of Bhairava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kalabhairava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalabhairava in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kālabhairava (ಕಾಲಭೈರವ):—

1) [noun] Śiva, in a formidable form, as the destroyer of the universe.

2) [noun] a man causing fear or dread.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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