Jvalamukhi, Jvālāmukhī, Jvala-mukhi: 13 definitions

Introduction

Jvalamukhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jvalamukhi in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी):—Sanskrit name of one of the twenty-four goddesses of the Sūryamaṇḍala (first maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. The Khecarīcakra is the fifth cakra (‘internal mystic center’) of the five (pañcacakra) and is located on or above the head. She presides over the pītha (‘sacred site’) called Jayantī.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी) is the name of a Goddess (Devī) presiding over Jayantī: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22). Her weapon is the khaḍga. Furthermore, Jvālāmukhī is accompanied by the Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) named Mahāpreta and their abode is an nimba-tree. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jvalamukhi in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Jvālāmukhī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी) is the name of a deity, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.1. Accordingly, as Brahmā said:—“[...] The flame of fire arising from the body of Satī and delighting the whole world fell on that mountain and it was duly worshipped. The deity became famous as Jvālāmukhī yielding fruits of cherished desires. Even her very vision quells all sins. Even now she is worshipped with due festivities for the acquisition of all desires, observing all stipulated modes of procedure.”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी).—A mother-goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 32, 33.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी) or Mahālakṣmī is the name of a Goddess (Devī) presiding over Kollagiri: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). Her weapon is the khaḍga. Furthermore, Jvālāmukhī is accompanied by the Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) named Mahāvrata [Agnimukha] and their abode is the nimba-tree [or the top of the mountain]

Note: in the Kubjikāmatatantra, Jvālāmukhī is presiding over Jayantī together with the Kṣetrapāla named Mahāpreta.

Source: academia.edu: Holy Sites in Buddhist Saṃvara Cycle

Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी) refers to one of the eight inner channels running through the dharmacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava. Dharmacakra  is an inner circle of the shape of a lotus with eight petals. This inner circle is visualized at one’s heart region. The inner channels [viz., Jvālāmukhī] run through the petals of these inner circles.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (J) next»] — Jvalamukhi in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी).—f (S) A place where subterraneous fires break forth. Esp. that near Balch, to which pilgrimages are made. The word is now familiarized in the sense of Volcano.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी).—f A place where subterrane- ous fires break forth. Volcano.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (J) next»] — Jvalamukhi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी).—a volcano.

Jvālāmukhī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jvālā and mukhī (मुखी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी).—a name or epithet of Vajravārāhi: Sādhanamālā 436.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी).—f. (-khī) A place where subterraneous fires break forth; an object of veneration to the Hindus: a celebrated Jwalamukhi exists in Punjab, to which pilgrimages are made; the soil abounding with carburetted hydrogen, which takes fire upon coming in contact with the external air; otherwise vents being made, a light is applied to the orifice, and flame being kindled, is fed by the stream of gas that escapes. The tongue of Parvati is said to have fallen at this place. E. jvālā flame, and mukha chief, principal, fem. affix ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jvalamukhī (ज्वलमुखी):—[=jvala-mukhī] [from jvala > jval] f. ‘flame-faced’, Name of a tutelary deity in Lomaśa’s family (cf. jvālām), [Brahma-purāṇa ii, 18, 28.]

2) Jvālāmukhī (ज्वालामुखी):—[=jvālā-mukhī] [from jvālā-mukha > jvālā > jval] f. fire or inflammable gas issuing forth from the earth, [Bhāvaprakāśa v, 26, 15]

3) [v.s. ...] any place from which issues subterranean fire or inflammable gas (a celebrated Jvālā-mukhī, worshipped like others as a form of Durgā, exists in the hills northeast to the Panjāb)

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Mantra, [Gāruḍa-purāṇa cciv]

5) [v.s. ...] (khī-malinī), [Tantrasāra ii.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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