Jvalana, Jvalanā: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Jvalana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jwalan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jvalanā (ज्वलना).—The wife of Aneyu (Riveyu, Vāyu-purāṇa) and a daughter of Takṣaka; mother of Antīnara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 6-7; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 128.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Jvalana (ज्वलन) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Jvalananṛsiṃha or Jvalananarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Jvalana (ज्वलन) is another name for “Agni” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning jvalana] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Jvalana (ज्वलन) refers to a “conflagration” (of fire), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “If a conflagration without a fire [i.e., anagni-jvalana] (that starts it) begins suddenly in a village, the offering of beef into the Triangle with clarified butter a million times (brings about) great peace and that prevails over the whole earth”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Jvalana (ज्वलन) represents the number 3 (three) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 3—jvalana] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Jvalana (ज्वलन) refers to the “burning” (of thought and mind), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, son of good family, is the recollection of the dharma (dharmānusmṛti), which is authorized by the Lord for the sake of the Bodhisattvas? The dharma is without attachment, and he who is attached to any dharma is without the recollection of the dharma. The dharma is without basis, and where there is no the practice of the dharma, there is no the recollection of the dharma. The dharma is calm, and he whose thought and mind are burning (jvalana) is without the recollection of the dharma. The dharma is beyond distinguishing marks, and he who pursues distinguishing marks is without the recollection of the dharma. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

 Jvalana (ज्वलनशिख) or Jvalanaśikha  is the name of a Vidyādhara-lord from Jyotiḥpura, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “Now, in the city Jyotiḥpura on Mt. Vaitāḍhya there was a Vidyādhara-lord, Jvalanaśikha. He had a beautiful queen, Śrīmatī, and by her a bright-eyed daughter, Tārā. One day Sāhasagati, the son of Cakrāṅka, a Vidyādhara-king, saw her and was immediately wounded by love. Sāhasagati asked Jvalana for her through agents and also Sugrīva, king of the Vānaras (asked for her). [...]”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Jvalana (ज्वलन) refers to the “fire (of suffering)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Indeed, alone, the self roams about in the impassable wilderness of the world which is full of great misfortune [and] inflamed by the fire of suffering (duḥkha-jvalana-dīpita). The same [self] always takes hold of the interior of a body entirely to experience the good and bad result developed from its own action by itself”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jvalana.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. Note: jvalana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jvalana (ज्वलन).—n S Burning, blazing. 2 m Fire.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jvalana (ज्वलन).—n Burning, blazing. Fire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jvalana (ज्वलन).—a. [jval-yuc]

1) Flaming, shining.

2) Combustible.

-naḥ Fire; तदनु ज्वलनं मदर्पितं त्वरयेर्दक्षिणवातबीजनैः (tadanu jvalanaṃ madarpitaṃ tvarayerdakṣiṇavātabījanaiḥ) Kumārasambhava 4.36,32; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 11.29.

2) Corrosive alkali.

3) The number 'three'.

4) Plumbago Zeylanica or its root; Mātaṅga L.11.26.

-nam Burning, blazing, shining.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvalana (ज्वलन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Burning, blazing. 2. The fire. m.

(-naḥ) Agni, or fire. 3. The number “Three.” E. jval to blaze, affix tācchīlyādau yuc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvalana (ज्वलन).—[jval + ana], I. adj. Shining, Mahābhārata 3, 12239. Ii. m. 1. Fire, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 103. 2. Caustic potash, [Suśruta] 2, 125, 17. Iii. n. Shining (and fire), [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvalana (ज्वलन).—[adjective] burning, flaming, combustible; [masculine] fire (also jvalana or jvalana); [neuter] burning, blazing.

--- OR ---

Jvālana (ज्वालन).—[neuter] kindling.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jvalana (ज्वलन):—[from jval] mfn. ([Pāṇini 3-2, 150]) inflammable, combustible, flaming, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii, 4, 4, 7; Mahābhārata iii, 12239]

2) [v.s. ...] shining, 769

3) [v.s. ...] m. fire, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā ii, 9, 1] (jval or [Padapāṭha] lana), [Manu-smṛti x, 103; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] the number 3 [Sūryasiddhānta ii, 20 f.]

5) [v.s. ...] corrosive alkali, [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] Plumbago zeylanica (or its root, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. blazing, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

8) Jvalanā (ज्वलना):—[from jvalana > jval] f. Name of a daughter of Takṣaka (wife of Ṛceyu or Ṛkṣa), [Harivaṃśa] (jvālā, [Mahābhārata i, 3778]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvalana (ज्वलन):—(naḥ) 1. m. Agni or fire. n. A burning or blazing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jvalana (ज्वलन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jalaṇa, Jalāvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jvalana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jvalana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jvalana (ज्वलन) [Also spelled jwalan]:—(nm) inflammation; combustion, burning; ~[śīla] inflammable, combustible.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jvalana (ಜ್ವಲನ):—

1) [adjective] shining with light that is radiated or reflected; full of light; bright.

2) [adjective] that is burning; burning.

--- OR ---

Jvalana (ಜ್ವಲನ):—

1) [noun] the condition of being resplendent; brightness; splendour.

2) [noun] the form of energy emitted by a luminous body, which helps human or animals see outside objects; light.

3) [noun] the state of burning with flames.

4) [noun] the burning principle or mass; fire.

5) [noun] the sun.

6) [noun] (pros.) a syllabic feet consisting of one short syllable between two long ones(-u-).

--- OR ---

Jvaḷana (ಜ್ವಳನ):—[adjective] = ಜ್ವಲನ [jvalana]1.

--- OR ---

Jvaḷana (ಜ್ವಳನ):—[noun] = ಜ್ವಲನ [jvalana]2.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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