Suryamandala, Sūryamaṇḍala, Surya-mandala, Suryamamdala: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Suryamandala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Suryamandala in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल):—One of the four maṇḍalas that make up the Khecarīcakra, according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. This maṇḍala consists of a ring of twenty-four petals, each containing another maṇḍala, which together represent twenty-four pīthas (“sacred sites”) and the seat of twenty-four Khecarīs (“Sky Goddesses”).

This is the list of the twenty-four pīthas (sacred sites) and the corresponding presiding khecarīs (goddesses) in brackets:

  1. Aṭṭahāsa (Saumyā or Saumyāsyā or Kadambā),
  2. Caritrā (Kṛṣṇā or Kṛṣṇāsyā or Siddhidā or Susiddhā),
  3. Kolāgiri (Mahālakṣmī),
  4. Jayantī (Jvālāmukhī),
  5. Ujjayinī or Ekāmraka (Mahāmāyā),
  6. Prayāga (Vāyuvegā),
  7. Vārāṇasī (Ūrdhvakeśī or Śāṅkarī),
  8. Śrīkoṭa or Devīkoṭa (Karṇamoṭī),
  9. Virajā (Ambikā),
  10. Airuḍī (Agnivaktrā),
  11. Hastināpura (Piṅgākṣī),
  12. Elāpura (Kharāsyā),
  13. Kāśmarī or Narmada (Gokarṇā),
  14. Marudeśa (Kramaṇī),
  15. Caitrakaccha or Bhṛgunagara or Nagara (Bimbakacchapā or Cetrakasthā),
  16. Puṇḍravardhana (Cāmuṇḍā),
  17. Parastīra (Prasannāsyā),
  18. Pṛṣṭhāpura (Vidyunmukhī),
  19. Kuhudī (Mahābalā or Mahākeśī),
  20. Sopāra (Agnivaktrā or Agnivadanā or Vahnyānanā or Agnijvālā or Agnijihvā),
  21. Kṣīrika (Lokamātā),
  22. Māyāpurī (Kampinī),
  23. Āmrātikeśvara (Pūtanā or Pavanā),
  24. Rājagṛha (Bhagnanāsā).
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Suryamandala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) refers to the “[pure] zone of the sun”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.7. Accordingly:—“[...] At the bidding of Śiva, the god of fire sent forth her [viz., Sandhyā’s] body to the pure [śuddha] zone of the sun (sūryamaṇḍala). The sun severed her body into two halves and placed the same on his own chariot for the propitiation of the Pitṛs and the Devas. O great sage, the upper half of her body became the Prātaḥ Sandhyā (dawn) which is at the beginning or in the middle of a day and night. The lower half of her body became the Sāyaṃsandhyā (dusk) which is in the middle of a day and night. The period is always pleasing to the manes. Before the sunrise, when the day breaks, the period is called Prātaḥsandhyā. It delights the Gods. When the sun has set and assumed the hue of a red lotus, the period of Sāyaṃsandhyā sets in. It is delightful to the manes”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—Seen after 1000 years in the 27th Kalpa; all yogas and mantras came out of this.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 65.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Suryamandala in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) refers to the “Sun’s orb”, according to Kāśīnātha Upādhye’s Dharmasindhu, a commentary on the Rāma Daivajña’s Muhūrtacintāmaṇi (an astrological work).—Accordingly, “[...] The water clock [i.e., ghaṭīyantra], thus calibrated, should be placed in a copper basin or clay basin, full of water, when half of the Sun’s orb [i.e., sūryamaṇḍala-ardha] has risen or set. There this sacred formula is recited. ‘You have been created long time ago by Brahmā as the foremost among the [time measuring] instruments. For the sake of the state of [their] becoming a married couple you be the means of measuring time’. With this sacred formula, preceded by the worship of Gaṇeśa and Varuṇa, the bowl should be placed [on the water in the basin]. If the bowl thus placed moves to the south-east, south, south-west, or north-west of the basin, it is not auspicious. If it stays in the middle, or moves to other directions, it is auspicious. Likewise, if it fills [and sinks] in the five directions starting from the southeast, it is not auspicious. Thus the discussion of the water clock. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Suryamandala in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) refers to the “circle of the sun”.—Internally, within the yogic body, just as the seats of the eight Mothers can be worshipped in the Wheel of Mothers (mātṛcakra) in the heart, these sacred sites may also be worshipped in the Circle of the Sun (sūryamaṇḍala). This Circle, and those of the Moon and Fire that are further in, surround the triangular Yoni in the core of the Wheel of the Skyfaring goddesses (khecarīcakra), which is the highest station of ascent. The sites are arranged on the petals of the lotus in four groups of six. [...]

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suryamandala in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमंडल).—n (S) The region of the sun; the region supposed to exist around the sun, constituting a lok or heaven of which the sun is the regent.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमंडल).—n-lōka m The region of the sun.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suryamandala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—the orb of the sun.

Derivable forms: sūryamaṇḍalam (सूर्यमण्डलम्).

Sūryamaṇḍala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and maṇḍala (मण्डल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) or Sūryyamaṇḍala.—n.

(-laṃ) The orb or disc of the sun. E. sūrya and maṇḍala circle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—m. or n. the disk of the sun, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 7, 1.

Sūryamaṇḍala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and maṇḍala (मण्डल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—[neuter] the orb of the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल):—[=sūrya-maṇḍala] [from sūrya > sūr] m. Name of a Gandharva, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. the orb or disc of the sun, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Maitrī-upaniṣad etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल):—[sūrya-maṇḍala] (laṃ) 1. n. Disk of the sun.

[Sanskrit to German]

Suryamandala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suryamandala in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sūryamaṃḍala (ಸೂರ್ಯಮಂಡಲ):—[noun] the disc of the sun.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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