Suryamandala, Sūryamaṇḍala, Surya-mandala: 10 definitions

Introduction

Suryamandala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Suryamandala in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल):—One of the four maṇḍalas that make up the Khecarīcakra, according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. This maṇḍala consists of a ring of twenty-four petals, each containing another maṇḍala, which together represent twenty-four pīthas (“sacred sites”) and the seat of twenty-four Khecarīs (“Sky Goddesses”).

This is the list of the twenty-four pīthas (sacred sites) and the corresponding presiding khecarīs (goddesses) in brackets:

  1. Aṭṭahāsa (Saumyā or Saumyāsyā or Kadambā),
  2. Caritrā (Kṛṣṇā or Kṛṣṇāsyā or Siddhidā or Susiddhā),
  3. Kolāgiri (Mahālakṣmī),
  4. Jayantī (Jvālāmukhī),
  5. Ujjayinī or Ekāmraka (Mahāmāyā),
  6. Prayāga (Vāyuvegā),
  7. Vārāṇasī (Ūrdhvakeśī or Śāṅkarī),
  8. Śrīkoṭa or Devīkoṭa (Karṇamoṭī),
  9. Virajā (Ambikā),
  10. Airuḍī (Agnivaktrā),
  11. Hastināpura (Piṅgākṣī),
  12. Elāpura (Kharāsyā),
  13. Kāśmarī or Narmada (Gokarṇā),
  14. Marudeśa (Kramaṇī),
  15. Caitrakaccha or Bhṛgunagara or Nagara (Bimbakacchapā or Cetrakasthā),
  16. Puṇḍravardhana (Cāmuṇḍā),
  17. Parastīra (Prasannāsyā),
  18. Pṛṣṭhāpura (Vidyunmukhī),
  19. Kuhudī (Mahābalā or Mahākeśī),
  20. Sopāra (Agnivaktrā or Agnivadanā or Vahnyānanā or Agnijvālā or Agnijihvā),
  21. Kṣīrika (Lokamātā),
  22. Māyāpurī (Kampinī),
  23. Āmrātikeśvara (Pūtanā or Pavanā),
  24. Rājagṛha (Bhagnanāsā).
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Suryamandala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) refers to the “[pure] zone of the sun”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.7. Accordingly:—“[...] At the bidding of Śiva, the god of fire sent forth her [viz., Sandhyā’s] body to the pure [śuddha] zone of the sun (sūryamaṇḍala). The sun severed her body into two halves and placed the same on his own chariot for the propitiation of the Pitṛs and the Devas. O great sage, the upper half of her body became the Prātaḥ Sandhyā (dawn) which is at the beginning or in the middle of a day and night. The lower half of her body became the Sāyaṃsandhyā (dusk) which is in the middle of a day and night. The period is always pleasing to the manes. Before the sunrise, when the day breaks, the period is called Prātaḥsandhyā. It delights the Gods. When the sun has set and assumed the hue of a red lotus, the period of Sāyaṃsandhyā sets in. It is delightful to the manes”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—Seen after 1000 years in the 27th Kalpa; all yogas and mantras came out of this.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 65.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Suryamandala in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमंडल).—n (S) The region of the sun; the region supposed to exist around the sun, constituting a lok or heaven of which the sun is the regent.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमंडल).—n-lōka m The region of the sun.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Suryamandala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—the orb of the sun.

Derivable forms: sūryamaṇḍalam (सूर्यमण्डलम्).

Sūryamaṇḍala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and maṇḍala (मण्डल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) or Sūryyamaṇḍala.—n.

(-laṃ) The orb or disc of the sun. E. sūrya and maṇḍala circle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—[neuter] the orb of the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल):—[=sūrya-maṇḍala] [from sūrya > sūr] m. Name of a Gandharva, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. the orb or disc of the sun, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Maitrī-upaniṣad etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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