Suryamandala, Sūryamaṇḍala, Surya-mandala, Suryamamdala: 15 definitions
Suryamandala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल):—One of the four maṇḍalas that make up the Khecarīcakra, according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. This maṇḍala consists of a ring of twenty-four petals, each containing another maṇḍala, which together represent twenty-four pīthas (“sacred sites”) and the seat of twenty-four Khecarīs (“Sky Goddesses”).
This is the list of the twenty-four pīthas (sacred sites) and the corresponding presiding khecarīs (goddesses) in brackets:
- Aṭṭahāsa (Saumyā or Saumyāsyā or Kadambā),
- Caritrā (Kṛṣṇā or Kṛṣṇāsyā or Siddhidā or Susiddhā),
- Kolāgiri (Mahālakṣmī),
- Jayantī (Jvālāmukhī),
- Ujjayinī or Ekāmraka (Mahāmāyā),
- Prayāga (Vāyuvegā),
- Vārāṇasī (Ūrdhvakeśī or Śāṅkarī),
- Śrīkoṭa or Devīkoṭa (Karṇamoṭī),
- Virajā (Ambikā),
- Airuḍī (Agnivaktrā),
- Hastināpura (Piṅgākṣī),
- Elāpura (Kharāsyā),
- Kāśmarī or Narmada (Gokarṇā),
- Marudeśa (Kramaṇī),
- Caitrakaccha or Bhṛgunagara or Nagara (Bimbakacchapā or Cetrakasthā),
- Puṇḍravardhana (Cāmuṇḍā),
- Parastīra (Prasannāsyā),
- Pṛṣṭhāpura (Vidyunmukhī),
- Kuhudī (Mahābalā or Mahākeśī),
- Sopāra (Agnivaktrā or Agnivadanā or Vahnyānanā or Agnijvālā or Agnijihvā),
- Kṣīrika (Lokamātā),
- Māyāpurī (Kampinī),
- Āmrātikeśvara (Pūtanā or Pavanā),
- Rājagṛha (Bhagnanāsā).
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) refers to the “[pure] zone of the sun”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.7. Accordingly:—“[...] At the bidding of Śiva, the god of fire sent forth her [viz., Sandhyā’s] body to the pure [śuddha] zone of the sun (sūryamaṇḍala). The sun severed her body into two halves and placed the same on his own chariot for the propitiation of the Pitṛs and the Devas. O great sage, the upper half of her body became the Prātaḥ Sandhyā (dawn) which is at the beginning or in the middle of a day and night. The lower half of her body became the Sāyaṃsandhyā (dusk) which is in the middle of a day and night. The period is always pleasing to the manes. Before the sunrise, when the day breaks, the period is called Prātaḥsandhyā. It delights the Gods. When the sun has set and assumed the hue of a red lotus, the period of Sāyaṃsandhyā sets in. It is delightful to the manes”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—Seen after 1000 years in the 27th Kalpa; all yogas and mantras came out of this.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 65.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) refers to the “Sun’s orb”, according to Kāśīnātha Upādhye’s Dharmasindhu, a commentary on the Rāma Daivajña’s Muhūrtacintāmaṇi (an astrological work).—Accordingly, “[...] The water clock [i.e., ghaṭīyantra], thus calibrated, should be placed in a copper basin or clay basin, full of water, when half of the Sun’s orb [i.e., sūryamaṇḍala-ardha] has risen or set. There this sacred formula is recited. ‘You have been created long time ago by Brahmā as the foremost among the [time measuring] instruments. For the sake of the state of [their] becoming a married couple you be the means of measuring time’. With this sacred formula, preceded by the worship of Gaṇeśa and Varuṇa, the bowl should be placed [on the water in the basin]. If the bowl thus placed moves to the south-east, south, south-west, or north-west of the basin, it is not auspicious. If it stays in the middle, or moves to other directions, it is auspicious. Likewise, if it fills [and sinks] in the five directions starting from the southeast, it is not auspicious. Thus the discussion of the water clock. [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) refers to the “circle of the sun”.—Internally, within the yogic body, just as the seats of the eight Mothers can be worshipped in the Wheel of Mothers (mātṛcakra) in the heart, these sacred sites may also be worshipped in the Circle of the Sun (sūryamaṇḍala). This Circle, and those of the Moon and Fire that are further in, surround the triangular Yoni in the core of the Wheel of the Skyfaring goddesses (khecarīcakra), which is the highest station of ascent. The sites are arranged on the petals of the lotus in four groups of six. [...]
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमंडल).—n (S) The region of the sun; the region supposed to exist around the sun, constituting a lok or heaven of which the sun is the regent.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमंडल).—n-lōka m The region of the sun.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—the orb of the sun.
Derivable forms: sūryamaṇḍalam (सूर्यमण्डलम्).
Sūryamaṇḍala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and maṇḍala (मण्डल).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) or Sūryyamaṇḍala.—n.
(-laṃ) The orb or disc of the sun. E. sūrya and maṇḍala circle.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—m. or n. the disk of the sun, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 7, 1.
Sūryamaṇḍala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and maṇḍala (मण्डल).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—[neuter] the orb of the sun.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल):—[=sūrya-maṇḍala] [from sūrya > sūr] m. Name of a Gandharva, [Rāmāyaṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] n. the orb or disc of the sun, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Maitrī-upaniṣad etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल):—[sūrya-maṇḍala] (laṃ) 1. n. Disk of the sun.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Sūryamaṃḍala (ಸೂರ್ಯಮಂಡಲ):—[noun] the disc of the sun.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Suryamandalapratibhasottamashri.
Full-text (+58): Suryaloka, Saptagana, Suryyamandala, Jathara, Saumyasya, Shankari, Savitri, Krishnasya, Narmada, Nagara, Bhrigunagara, Agnijihva, Agnivadana, Mahakeshi, Cetrakastha, Pavana, Agnijvala, Vahnyanana, Geya-cakra, Kadamba.
Search found 6 books and stories containing Suryamandala, Sūryamaṇḍala, Surya-mandala, Sūrya-maṇḍala, Suryamamdala, Sūryamaṃḍala; (plurals include: Suryamandalas, Sūryamaṇḍalas, mandalas, maṇḍalas, Suryamamdalas, Sūryamaṃḍalas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 246 [Kālāgnirudrakāli] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
Verse 32 [Revelation of Īśvara] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Verse 66 [Mūrti, Prakāśa and Ānanda Cakras] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Parama Samhita (English translation) (by Krishnaswami Aiyangar)
Hindu Pluralism (by Elaine M. Fisher)
Ardhanārīśvara Dīkṣita and the Birth of Samayin Śrīvidyā < [Chapter 2 - The Making of the Smārta-Śaiva Community of South India]
Laghu-yoga-vasistha (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)