Jvalamukha, Jvālāmukha: 7 definitions


Jvalamukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Jvalamukha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Jvālāmukha (ज्वालामुख) is the name of a Brahmarākṣasa, according to the twentieth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 94. Accordingly, “... the monster (brahmarākṣasa), terrible with projecting tusks, uttered a horrible loud laugh, and vomiting fire with rage, menaced the king [Candrāvaloka] in the following words: ‘Villain! know that I am a Brāhman demon, Jvālāmukha by name, and this aśvattha tree my dwelling is not trespassed upon even by gods, but thou hast presumed to occupy and enjoy it with thy wife...’”.

The story of Jvālāmukha is mentioned in the Vetālapañcaviṃśati (twenty-five tales of a vetāla) which is embedded in the twelfth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’). The main book is a famous Sanskrit epic detailing the exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta in his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The Kathā-sarit-sāgara is is explained to be an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā which consisted of 100,000 verses and in turn forms part of an even larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Jvalamukha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Jvālāmukha (ज्वालामुख) refers to one of the eight Guardians (kṣetrapāla-aṣṭaka) associated with Jālandhara (which is in the southern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight guardians: Agnivetāla, Jayanta, Jvālāmukha, Bhīmanāda, Ghora, Meghanāda, Mahākāla, Khaga.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Jvalamukha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jvālāmukha (ज्वालामुख) refers to a “blazing fire” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.20 (“The story of the submarine fire”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada: “On hearing that I pondered over the reason for the same, and remembering Śiva humbly I went there in order to protect the three worlds. That fire, out to burn everything, very brilliant with its shooting flames, was thwarted by me as I had the capacity by Śiva’s grace. O sage, then I made that fire of fury, out to burn the three worlds, tender in its blaze [i.e., saumya-jvālāmukha] and mare-like in shape. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jvalamukha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvālāmukha (ज्वालामुख).—f. khī, a place where subterraneous fires break forth.

Jvālāmukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jvālā and mukha (मुख).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jvālāmukha (ज्वालामुख):—[=jvālā-mukha] [from jvālā > jval] m. ‘flame-mouthed’, a kind of demon (= ulkā-m), [Manu-smṛti xii, 71; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Brahma-rākṣasa, [Kathāsaritsāgara xciv, 71]

[Sanskrit to German]

Jvalamukha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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