Jatamukuta, aka: Jaṭāmukuṭa, Jata-mukuta; 3 Definition(s)


Jatamukuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

A crown of artfully plaited braids, which is reminiscent of the shape of the kiritamukuta, and is often just as lavishly decorated. Jatamukuta is the crown of an ascetic. It is worn particularly by Shiva (though in fact not when he is depicted as an ascetic), with a sickle or skull as the characteristic ornament, and by Brahma, decorated with jewels.

Source: Google Books: The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning

The Jaṭāmukuṭa (जटामुकुट) is, as the name indicates, made up of twists of matted hair done into the form of a tall cap. The Uttara-kāmikāgama gives the following rather long and somewhat unitelligible description of the uṣṇīṣa in which the Jaṭāmukuṭa is included.

“The Jaṭāmukuṭa is in fact as described below: five jaṭās or braids of matted hair are taken and tied into a know three inches in height ny coiling them into one or three loops, the remaining braids being bound and taken through to be left hanging on both sides”

This Jatāmukuṭa is prescribed for Brahmā and Rudra among the gods, and for Manonmaṇi among the goddesses.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Jatamukuta in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jaṭāmukuṭa (जटामुकुट) refers to a “crown of matted hair”, which is the prescribed appearance for Munis, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is composed of the words kuñcita (curved) and mūrdhaja (hair of the head). Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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