Jatamukuta, Jaṭāmukuṭa, Jata-mukuta: 7 definitions


Jatamukuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning

A crown of artfully plaited braids, which is reminiscent of the shape of the kiritamukuta, and is often just as lavishly decorated. Jatamukuta is the crown of an ascetic. It is worn particularly by Shiva (though in fact not when he is depicted as an ascetic), with a sickle or skull as the characteristic ornament, and by Brahma, decorated with jewels.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

The Jaṭāmukuṭa (जटामुकुट) is, as the name indicates, made up of twists of matted hair done into the form of a tall cap. The Uttara-kāmikāgama gives the following rather long and somewhat unitelligible description of the uṣṇīṣa in which the Jaṭāmukuṭa is included.

“The Jaṭāmukuṭa is in fact as described below: five jaṭās or braids of matted hair are taken and tied into a know three inches in height ny coiling them into one or three loops, the remaining braids being bound and taken through to be left hanging on both sides”

This Jatāmukuṭa is prescribed for Brahmā and Rudra among the gods, and for Manonmaṇi among the goddesses.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of jatamukuta in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Jaṭāmukuṭa (जटामुकुट) refers to a “crown of matted hair”, which is the prescribed appearance for Munis, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is composed of the words kuñcita (curved) and mūrdhaja (hair of the head). Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of jatamukuta in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Jatamukuta in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Jaṭāmukuṭa (जटामुकुट) (Cf. Jaṭāmakuṭa) refers to “(one adorned with) matted hair and crown” and is used to describe Ardhanarīśvara, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as Bhadrakālī said to Śrīkaṇṭha: “[...] O Śaṃkara, you also displayed this, one of your forms. Thus, O lord Śaṃkara, I wish to see you, Śaṃkara. O Lord, you have appeared (before) in this way by the power of supreme knowledge. (You are) he, the Siddha who has been pierced (by the power of the Command) and, made of universal bliss, is accompanied by Yogeśvarī. He is Śaṃkara’s lord; supreme, he has five faces, three eyes, holds a spear and, adorned with matted hair and crown [i.e., jaṭāmukuṭa-maṇḍita], (his) divine body is covered with ashes. He is the pervasive lord Ardhanarīśvara”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of jatamukuta in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Jatamukuta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jaṭāmukuṭa (जटामुकुट) refers to “(wearing) matted hair and crowns”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.40 (“The Marriage Procession of Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] These and other leaders of Gaṇas of great strength and multitudinous in number joined the procession with joy and enthusiasm. They had a thousand hands. They wore matted hair and crowns (jaṭāmukuṭa-dhārin). They were bedecked with streaks of the moon. They had three eyes and blue necks (like lord Śiva). All of them wore garlands of Rudrākṣa beads. They had the holy ashes smeared over the body. They had the ornaments of necklaces, earrings, bracelets, crowns etc. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of jatamukuta in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Jaṭāmukuṭa (जटामुकुट) or Jaṭāmukuṭalokeśvara refers to number 12 of the 108 forms of Avalokiteśvara found in the Machhandar Vahal (Kathmanu, Nepal). [Machhandar or Machandar is another name for for Matsyendra.].


“Jaṭāmukuṭa is four-armed and one-faced, the head on the top representing the head of Amitābha. The two right hands show the rosary and the Varada pose, while the two left hold the lotus and the water-pot. He is represented in a standing attitude”.

The names of the 108 deities [viz., Jaṭāmukuṭa] possbily originate from a Tantra included in the Kagyur which is named “the 108 names of Avalokiteshvara”, however it is not yet certain that this is the source for the Nepali descriptions.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of jatamukuta in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jatamukuta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jaṭāmukuṭa (ಜಟಾಮುಕುಟ):—[noun] a kind of headwear, crown or depiction (in painting, sculpture, etc.) with a wider base and tapering at the top, resembling a knot of hair.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of jatamukuta in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: