Jatamukuta, Jaṭāmukuṭa, Jata-mukuta: 3 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Jatamukuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning

A crown of artfully plaited braids, which is reminiscent of the shape of the kiritamukuta, and is often just as lavishly decorated. Jatamukuta is the crown of an ascetic. It is worn particularly by Shiva (though in fact not when he is depicted as an ascetic), with a sickle or skull as the characteristic ornament, and by Brahma, decorated with jewels.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

The Jaṭāmukuṭa (जटामुकुट) is, as the name indicates, made up of twists of matted hair done into the form of a tall cap. The Uttara-kāmikāgama gives the following rather long and somewhat unitelligible description of the uṣṇīṣa in which the Jaṭāmukuṭa is included.

“The Jaṭāmukuṭa is in fact as described below: five jaṭās or braids of matted hair are taken and tied into a know three inches in height ny coiling them into one or three loops, the remaining braids being bound and taken through to be left hanging on both sides”

This Jatāmukuṭa is prescribed for Brahmā and Rudra among the gods, and for Manonmaṇi among the goddesses.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Jaṭāmukuṭa (जटामुकुट) refers to a “crown of matted hair”, which is the prescribed appearance for Munis, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is composed of the words kuñcita (curved) and mūrdhaja (hair of the head). Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Jaṭāmukuṭa (जटामुकुट) or Jaṭāmukuṭalokeśvara refers to number 12 of the 108 forms of Avalokiteśvara found in the Machhandar Vahal (Kathmanu, Nepal). [Machhandar or Machandar is another name for for Matsyendra.].

Accordingly,—

“Jaṭāmukuṭa is four-armed and one-faced, the head on the top representing the head of Amitābha. The two right hands show the rosary and the Varada pose, while the two left hold the lotus and the water-pot. He is represented in a standing attitude”.

The names of the 108 deities [viz., Jaṭāmukuṭa] possbily originate from a Tantra included in the Kagyur which is named “the 108 names of Avalokiteshvara”, however it is not yet certain that this is the source for the Nepali descriptions.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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