Vajrasana, aka: Vajra-asana, Vajrāsana; 10 Definition(s)
Vajrasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Vajrāsana (वज्रासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiva, according to the Haṭharatnāvalī 3.7-20. It is said that Ādinātha (Śiva) hand-picked 84 yoga postures from 84,00,000 living beings and taught them for the purpose of introducing physical health and well-being to the human body. The compound bhadrāsana consists of the words vajra (thunderbolt) and āsana (posture).Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Vajrāsana (वज्रासन) is another name for siddhāsana: an āsana (posture) taught by Śiva and one of the first four out of 84 total, thus one of the most essential, according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.37-45.—Accordingly, “Press firmly the heel of the left foot against the perineum, and the right heel above the male organ. With the chin pressing on the chest, one should sit calmly, having restrained the senses, and gaze steadily the space between the eyebrows. This is called the siddhāsana, the opener of the door of salvation”.
Also, “This siddhāsana is performed also by placing the left heel on Meḍhra (above the male organ), and then placing the right one on it. Some call this siddhāsana, some vajrāsana. Others call it muktāsana or guptāsana. Out of the 84 āsanas, siddhāsana should always be practised, because it cleanses the impurities of 72,000 nāḍīs”.
The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (eg., vajra-āsana).Source: Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika
Vajrāsana (वज्रासन) is a type of standing posture (āsana), according to verse 68 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Press the perineum with one heel and the penis with the other. This is vajrāsana, the diamond”.
The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (eg., vajra-āsana) and several additional ones.
Suptavajrāsana is found in Iyengar but the base vajrāsana is not. These meditation āsanas are referred to in many texts and the descriptions vary somewhat. It appears that vajrāsana refers to the position where the legs are folded back and sat on or between. Iyengar seems to call this position vīrāsana and his book is not entirely clear as there are contrary indications when the variation nare considered. For example, his suptavajrāsana really appears to be a variation of matsyāsana. Even though he has the vīrāsana series as above, he has a laghuvajrāsana which does adopt the leg position and would awaken the expectation of a basic vajrāsana.
Yoga-mīmāṃsā III.2, p. 135 states:
“The name vajrāsana is often used for siddhāsana... When we remember the meaning of the word vajra in Yogic literature and also take into consideration that in siddhāsana one of the heels is set at the root of the penis, we can understand why... (siddhāsana)... is also called vajrāsana.”
Vajrāsana is described in Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā II.12 as having feet on either side of the buttocks. In Yogakuṇḍalinyupaniṣat the variation with a heel under the penis is described. According to Haṭhapradīpikā it is another name for siddhāsana.Source: archive.org: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace
Vajrāsana (वज्रासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Making the lower legs tight one should place the two feet on either side of the anus. This is called Vajrāsana. It brings success to the yogis”.
Vajrāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.
The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning vajra-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.Source: archive.org: Gheranda Samhita
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Vajrāsana (वज्रासन) refers to one of the five āsanas (postures) explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka verse 25.14cd-15ab.—“He should place both feet, one after the other, on both thighs; he should place both hands, his fingers turned towards [himself], on both knees. [This is] called the most excellent diamond posture (vajrāsana)”.Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Vajrāsana (वज्रासन) or Paryaṅkāsana in the Buddhist tradition corresponds with Padmāsana or Kamalāsana: a type of Āsana (sitting poses), according to Ganapati Sthapati in his text Ciṟpa Cennūl, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—An image sitting cross-legged, with the feet facing upwards and resting on the thighs, and the body held erect, is said to be in padmāsana or kamalāsana. This posture is also known as paryaṅkāsana or vajrāsana in the Buddhist tradition. When one leg is folded, with the other foot resting on its thigh, it is called ardhapadmāsana.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
India history and geogprahy
Vajrāsana.—(LL), name of the seat on which the Buddha sat for meditation for the attainment of supreme knowledge (bodhi). Note: vajrāsana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
vajrāsana (वज्रासन).—n (S) A particular attitude or posture. 2 A firm seat (as on horseback). 3 fig. A firm tenure (of an office or an authority).Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vajrāsana (वज्रासन).—n A firm seat (as on horse-back).Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) a diamond-seat.
2) a particular posture in sitting (the hands being placed in the hollow between the body and the crossed feet).
Derivable forms: vajrāsanam (वज्रासनम्).
Vajrāsana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vajra and āsana (आसन).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Āsana (आसन) refers to “presenting a seat”, representing one of the various services (upacāra) o...
Padmāsana (पद्मासन).—n. (-naṃ) A posture in religious meditation, sitting with the thighs cross...
Siṃhāsana (सिंहासन).—n. (-naṃ) A throne. m. (-naḥ) A kind of coitus thus defined:— “svaja...
Vīrāsana (वीरासन) also called paryaṅka-bandha. It is a particular kind of posture practised by ...
Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन) refers to a type of Āsana (sitting poses), according to Ganapati Stha...
Vajrapāṇī (वज्रपाणी) or Pāṇi is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) na...
Yogāsana (योगासन).—n. (-naṃ) A religious posture, the position in which the devotee sits to per...
Kukkutāsana (कुक्कुतासन) refers to a type of Āsana (sitting poses), according to Ganapati ...
Hutāśana (हुताशन).—m. (-naḥ) 1. Fire or its deity Agni. 2. Siva. E. huta burntoffering, and aśa...
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Matsyāśana (मत्स्याशन).—m. (-naḥ) The king-fisher. E. matsya a fish, aśana eating. ‘mācharāṅgā’...
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Search found 10 books and stories containing Vajrasana, Vajra-asana, Vajrāsana, Vajra-āsana; (plurals include: Vajrasanas, asanas, Vajrāsanas, āsanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Indian Buddhist Iconography (by Benoytosh Bhattachacharyya)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)
Text Section 202 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
Translator’s Introduction < [Introduction Text]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 12 - Changing the surrounding ground into diamond < [Chapter LI - Seeing all the Buddha Fields]
Appendix 2 - The deity of the Bodhi tree (bodhivṛkṣadevatā) < [Chapter VI - The Great Bhikṣu Saṃgha]
IV. Supplementary explanations < [Part 2 - Understanding dharmatā and its synonyms]
Anāgārika Dharmapāla (by Bhikkhu Sangharakshita)