Hinatva, Hīnatva: 7 definitions


Hinatva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Hīnatva (हीनत्व) refers to “absentness” (of performing action), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 21.2-5]—“O Deva, if [mantras] consist of the nature of Śiva, [which is] ubiquitous , formless, and [if he] does not perform action (kriyākaraṇa-hīnatva) , how can [mantras] be agents of action? And how do they create a state [in which one] performs them [when they are] formless? Who does [that performance] without an individual body? Speak, O Lord. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Hīnatva (हीनत्व) refers to the “absence” (of previously acquired merit), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “As the waves of rivers only go away [and] they do not return, so the former powers of embodied souls that have gone away do not come [again] [com.—They do not come (na āgacchanti) because of the absence of previously acquired merit (puṇya-hīnatvapūrvopārjitapuṇyahīnatvāt)]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hīnatva (हीनत्व).—[-hīna + tva] (vb. 2. ), in utsāha-śakti-, n. Want of the power of exertion, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 36. putra-, n. Condition of having no son, [Cāṇakya] 49 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 410. buddhi-, n. Want of understanding. [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 99.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hīnatva (हीनत्व):—[=hīna-tva] [from hīna > hā] n. defectiveness, deprivation, destitution, the state of being without, want or absence of ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Hinatva in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hīnatva (ಹೀನತ್ವ):—[noun] = ಹೀನತನ [hinatana].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Hīnatva (हीनत्व):—n. → हीनता [hīnatā]

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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