Himsra, Hiṃsra, Hiṃsrā: 15 definitions
Himsra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Hinsra.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Hiṃsra (हिंस्र).—One of the seven sons of Kauśika.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 3.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Himsra in the Telugu language is the name of a plant identified with Shorea roxburghii G.Don from the Dipterocarpaceae (Sal) family. For the possible medicinal usage of himsra, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Hiṃsrā (हिंस्रा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Capparis decidua (Forsk.) Edgew.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning hiṃsrā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Hiṃsra (हिंस्र) refers to “torturers”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Pūrvabhādrapada will be thieves, shepherds, torturers (hiṃsra); wicked, mean and deceitful; will possess no virtues; neglect religious rites and will be successful in fight. Those who are born on the lunar day of Uttarabhādrapada will be Brāhmins, performers of sacrificial rights; will be generous, devout, rich and observant of the rules of the holy orders; will be heretics, rulers, dealers in rice”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
hiṃsra (हिंस्र).—a Murderous, bloody. Ferocious, cruel.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Hiṃsra (हिंस्र).—a. [hiṃs-r] Injurious, noxious, mischievous, hurtful, murderous; व्याधिता वाधिवेत्तव्या हिंस्रार्थघ्री च सर्वदा (vyādhitā vādhivettavyā hiṃsrārthaghrī ca sarvadā) Manusmṛti 9.8;12.56.
3) Cruel, fierce, savage.
-sraḥ 1 A fierce animal, beast of prey; सा दुष्प्रधर्षा मनसापि हिंस्रैः (sā duṣpradharṣā manasāpi hiṃsraiḥ) R.2.27.
2) A destroyer.
3) Name of Śiva.
4) Name of Bhīma.
5) A man who delights in injuring living creatures; Manusmṛti 3.164.
-sram Cruelty; Manusmṛti 1.29.
--- OR ---
1) A vein, nerve.
2) Spikenard (jaṭāmāṃsi).
3) The Guñjā plant; L. D. B.
4) A kind of grain (gavedhu); L. D. B.
5) Fat.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-sraḥ-srā-sraṃ) 1. Mischievous, hurtful, injurious. 2. Murderous. 3. Terrible. 4. Fierce, cruel, savage. m.
(-sraḥ) 1. Bhima. 2. Siva. 3. A beast of prey. 4. A destroyer. f.
(-srā) 1. Spikenard, (Valeriana Jatamansi.) 2. A vein, a nerve. E. hisi to hurt, Unadi aff. rak .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hiṃsra (हिंस्र).—[hiṃs + ra], I. adj. 1. One who delights in mischief, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 164; mischievous, destroying, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 310. 2. Terrible. 3. Cruel, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 174. Ii. m. 1. A beast of prey, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 62. 2. Śiva. Iii. f. rā. 1. A vein. 2. The name of three plants.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hiṃsra (हिंस्र).—[adjective] harming, malicious; [masculine] a savage or cruel man, also = seq.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Hiṃsra (हिंस्र):—[from hiṃs] mf(ā)n. injurious, mischievous, hurtful, destructive, murderous, cruel, fierce, savage (ifc. ‘acting injuriously towards’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] m. a man who delights in injuring living creatures, [Manu-smṛti iii, 164]
3) [v.s. ...] a savage animal, beast of prey, [Raghuvaṃśa]
4) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]
5) [v.s. ...] of Bhīma-sena, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] of a certain cruel Brāhman, [Harivaṃśa]
7) Hiṃsrā (हिंस्रा):—[from hiṃsra > hiṃs] f. a mischievous woman, [Manu-smṛti ix, 80]
8) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.], Nardottachys Jatamansi, Coix Barbata = kākādanī and elāvali), [Suśruta]
9) [v.s. ...] fat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] a vein, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) Hiṃsra (हिंस्र):—[from hiṃs] n. cruelty, [Manu-smṛti i, 29.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hiṃsra (हिंस्र):—[(sraḥ-srā-sraṃ) a.] Mischievous, murderous, formidable, fierce. m. Bhima; Shiva; a wild beast. 1. f. A shrub; spikenard; sort of grain; vein, nerve.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Hiṃsra (हिंस्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hiṃsa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Hiṃsra (हिंस्र) [Also spelled hinsra]:—(a) violent, fierce, ferocious; —[jaṃtu/paśu] ferocious beast/animal; ~[tā] violence; fierceness.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] causing great physical pain or mental anguish; torturing; tormenting.
2) [adjective] killing or tending to kill.
3) [adjective] outrageously evil or wicked; abominable; heinous.
4) [adjective] of, like or characteristic of a beast; bestial, brutal, etc.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] he who kills; a killer.
2) [noun] Śiva.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+23): Himsrapashu, Himsrahimsra, Ahimsra, Rishva, Tutituta, Himsrajantu, Rosh, Himsrayantra, Lalajjihva, Vishva, Vihimsra, Elavali, Shirvi, Himsratmata, Rishikara, Anritaka, Anritin, Jalavyala, Ativaishasa, Anritika.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Himsra, Hiṃsra, Hiṃsrā; (plurals include: Himsras, Hiṃsras, Hiṃsrās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 12.59 < [Section IX - Details of Transmigration]
Verse 9.80 < [Section VII - The Recalcitrant Wife: Supersession, Divorce]
Verse 4.195 < [Section XIV - Other Duties]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
The Concept of Heaven < [Chapter 4 - Cultural Aspects]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)