Hindu, aka: Hindū; 4 Definition(s)


Hindu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

hindū (हिंदू).—m ( P Black. Applied by thePersians to the Ethiopians, black Arabians, Indians &c.) A Hindu.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hindū (हिंदू).—m A Hindu.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of hindu in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hindu (हिन्दु).—also हिन्दू (hindū). Name of the people of Hindusthan or Bhāratavarṣa. The name appears to have been derived from Sindhu, the name of the celebrated river where the Vedic Āryans recited their Vedic mantras. In the Avesta स् (s) is pronounced as ह् (h); so सप्तसिन्धु (saptasindhu) was pronounced by the Persians as हप्तहिन्दु (haptahindu). The Bhaviṣya-Purāṇa speaks of हप्तहिन्दु (haptahindu). Here are a few references in a few Kośas and the Purāṇas :(1) The Kālikā-Purāṇa says, "कलिना बलिना नूनमधर्माकलिते कलौ । यवनैर्घोरमाक्रान्ता हिन्दवो विन्ध्यमाविशन् (kalinā balinā nūnamadharmākalite kalau | yavanairghoramākrāntā hindavo vindhyamāviśan) ||" (2) The Merutantra of the 8th century A. D.-"हिन्दुधर्मप्रलोप्तारो जायन्ते चक्रवर्तिनः । हीनं च दूषयत्येष हिन्दूरित्युच्यते प्रिये (hindudharmapraloptāro jāyante cakravartinaḥ | hīnaṃ ca dūṣayatyeṣa hindūrityucyate priye) ||" (3) The Rāmakośa--"हिन्दुर्दुष्टो ना भवति नानार्यो न विदूषकः । सद्धर्मपालको विद्वान् श्रौतधर्मपरायणः (hindurduṣṭo nā bhavati nānāryo na vidūṣakaḥ | saddharmapālako vidvān śrautadharmaparāyaṇaḥ) ||" (4) The Hemantakavikośa-"हिन्दुर्हि नारायणादिदेवताभक्तः (hindurhi nārāyaṇādidevatābhaktaḥ)" (5) The Adbhutarūpakośa-"हिन्दुर्हिन्दूश्च पुंसि द्वौ दुष्टानां च विघर्षणे (hindurhindūśca puṃsi dvau duṣṭānāṃ ca vigharṣaṇe) |"

Derivable forms: hinduḥ (हिन्दुः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hindu (हिन्दु).—m.

(-nduḥ) A particular caste, the Hindus. Prof. Taranath thus defines this word in his Vachaspatya:—hīnaṃ dūṣayati-duṣa + ḍu pṛṣo0 .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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