Phalguna, Phālguṇa: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Phalguna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Falgun.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Phālguna (फाल्गुन) is the second month of the “cold season” (śiśira) in the traditional Indian calendar, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The physician (bhiṣaj) should pay attention to the seasonal (ṛtu) factor in the use of medicinal drugs. Accordingly, “the bulbous roots in winter season (viz., Phālguna), other roots in cold season and flowers during spring season are supposed to contain better properties. The new leaves or shoots in summer and the drugs, which grow in mud, like Lotus etc., should be used in autumn season”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Phalguna in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Phalguna (फल्गुन).—Another name of Arjuna. Arjuna was born in the Uttarāphalgunī constellation in a mount of the Himālyas. So he was called Phalguna and also Phālguna. (Śloka 9, Chapter 44, Virāṭa Parva).

2) Phālguna (फाल्गुन).—A month (March). It is so called because the phalgunīnakṣatra yoga occurs in that month. He who gives away as gift his meal for a time of the day will become more loved by his wife. Not only that, the Purāṇas declare that such a man would attain Candraloka. (Chapter 109, Anuśāsana Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Phālguṇa (फाल्गुण).—The amāvāsya in the month of, (MarchApril); a Manvantarādi for śrāddha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 17. 7.

1b) (also Phalguṇa) sacred to Hari; visited by Balarāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 14. 31; X. 79. 18.

1c) Another name of Arjuna.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 2; 38. 35.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Phālguna (फाल्गुन), corresponding to “February-March”, refers to one of the months (māsa) in the Vedic calendar.—There are twelve months in a Vedic lunar calendar, and approximately every three years, there is a thirteenth month. Each month has a predominating deity and approximately corresponds with the solar christian months. [...] In accordance with the month of the year, one would utter the Vedic month, for example, phālguna-māsi.

The presiding deity of Phālguna is Govinda.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Phālguna (फाल्गुन) refers to:—February-March. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

One of the ten names assigned to Arjuna, the Hindu hero of the Mahabharata. Meaning of the name: "one born on the star of Phalguna"

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Phalguna (फल्‍गुन): Arjuna.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Phālguna (फाल्गुन) (presided over by Yama) is the third of twelve months, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Accordingly, there are altogether twelve months [viz., Phālguna] having twelve deities as given in the kālacakra-maṇḍala.—“here they are all accompanied with their Śaktis, mostly four-armed and have their distinctive vehicles”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

phālguna (फाल्गुन).—m (S) The twelfth Hindu month from caitra; answering to February-March.

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phālgunā (फाल्गुना) [or नी, nī].—a Relating to the month phālguna.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

phālguna (फाल्गुन).—m The twelfth Hindu month from caitra; answering to February- March.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Phalguna (फल्गुन).—a.

1) Red.

2) Born under the constellation फल्गुनी (phalgunī).

-naḥ 1 The month of Phālguna.

2) Name of Indra.

3) Of Arjuna.

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Phālguna (फाल्गुन).—

1) Name of a Hindu month (corresponding to February-March).

2) An epithet of Arjuna; Mb. thus explains the epithet:-उत्तराभ्यां फल्गुनीभ्यां नक्षत्राभ्या- महं दिवा । जातो हिमवतः पृष्ठे तेन मां फाल्गुनं विदुः (uttarābhyāṃ phalgunībhyāṃ nakṣatrābhyā- mahaṃ divā | jāto himavataḥ pṛṣṭhe tena māṃ phālgunaṃ viduḥ) ||

3) Name of a tree, also called अर्जुन (arjuna).

Derivable forms: phālgunaḥ (फाल्गुनः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phalguna (फल्गुन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. A name of Arjuna. The month Phalguna. f. (-nī) The constellation Phalguni. E. phal to bear fruit, Unadi aff. unan and guk aug.: see phālguna .

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Phālguna (फाल्गुन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. A name of Arjuna. 2. A sort of tree, (Pentaptera Arjuna.) 3. A month, commonly called by the name Phalguna, (February-March.) f. (-nī) 1. Day of full moon on the month of Phalguna, on which Holi or great vernal festival of the Hindus is celebrated. 2. A name common to the eleventh and twelfth lunar asterisms, distinguished by the epithets first and last, or pūrva and uttaraphālgunīḥ see pūrvaphālgunī &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phalguna (फल्गुन).—[phalgu + na], I. m. 1. The month Phālguna. 2. A name of Arjuna. Ii. f. , du. or pl. The eleventh and twelfth lunar asterisms, distinguished as former, pūrva, and latter, uttara; see phālguna.

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Phālguna (फाल्गुन).—i. e. phalguna + a, I. m. 1. A month, February

— March, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 221. 2. A name of Arjuna, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 13, 43. 3. A sort of tree, Pentaptera arjuna. Ii. f. . 1. The day of full moon in the month Phālguna. 2. The name of the eleventh and twelfth lunar asterisms, distinguished by the epithet former, pūrva, and latter, uttara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phalguna (फल्गुन).—[adjective] reddish, red. [masculine] [Epithet] of Arjuna; [feminine] ī sgl. & [dual] [Name] of a double lunar mansion.

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Phālguna (फाल्गुन).—[feminine] ī belonging to the lunar mansion Phalgunī; [masculine] [Name] of a month, [Epithet] of Arjuna, [feminine] ī the day of full moon in the month Ph., also = phalgunī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Phalguṇa (फल्गुण):—[from phalgu] [wrong reading] for phalguna, naka, .

2) Phalguna (फल्गुन):—[from phalgu] mf(ī)n. reddish, red, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] born under the Nakṣatra Phalgunī, [Pāṇini 4-3, 34]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man (-svāmin m. a temple built by Ph°), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

5) [v.s. ...] m. the month Phālguna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Arjuna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Phālguṇa (फाल्गुण):—[from phalgu] [wrong reading] for phālguna, .

8) Phālguna (फाल्गुन):—[from phalgu] a mf(ī)n. relating to the Nakṣatra Phalgunī, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; ???]

9) [v.s. ...] born under the N° Ph°, [Pāṇini 4-3, 34] ([varia lectio])

10) [v.s. ...] m. (with or [scilicet] māsa) the month during which the full moon stands in the N° Ph° (February-March), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of Arjuna (= phalguna), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

12) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Arjuna (= nadī-ja), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [from phalgu] n. a species of grass used as a substitute for the Soma plant (and also called arjunānī), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a place of pilgrimage, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

15) b etc. See [column]1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Phalguna (फल्गुन):—(naḥ) 1. m. A name of Arjuna; of a month, (Feb.-March;) of a constellation.

2) Phālguna (फाल्गुन):—(naḥ) 1. m. A name of Arjuna; name of a month; name of a tree. f. () Day of the full moon in it; name of the 11th and 12th lunar asterisms.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Phalguṇa (फल्गुण):—, ṇī, ṇaka s. u. phalguna, naka .

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Phalguna (फल्गुन):—(von phalgu) [Uṇādisūtra 3, 56.]

1) adj. a) für arjuna der anderen Recension stehend [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 307, 3.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 1, 2, 2] (= lohitavarṇa roth Comm.). — b) unter dem Nakṣatra Phalgunī geboren [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 34.] f. ī Vārtt. 2. —

2) m. a) = phālguna der Monat Ph. [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa] [Śabdakalpadruma] — b) = phālguna Beiname Arjuna's [Bharata] [UJJVAL.] — c) Nomen proprium eines Mannes (überall mit ṇa statt na geschrieben) [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 152. 179. 194. 197. fg. 201. 209. 284. 314.] bhaṭṭa [168.] svāmin Bez. eines von ihm errichteten Heiligthums [169.] —

3) f. phalgunī (phalgunī [UJJVAL.]) a) Name eines Doppel-Nakṣatra, sonst arjunī genannt, [WEBER, Nakṣ. 2, 371. fg.] [WHITNEY] in [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 6, 321. fg.] du. und pl. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 60.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 14, 1, 13. 19, 7, 3.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 4, 4, 10, 2. 7, 4, 8, 1.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 1, 1, 2, 3.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 1, 2, 11.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 7, 2.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 2, 1.] [GṚHY. 2, 10.] [Mahābhārata 13, 4260.] uttarābhyāṃ bhyām [4, 1383.] uttaraphalgunīṣu [Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 6.] sg. [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 111], Randgl. uttarā phalgunī hyadya [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 73, 15.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 118,] [Scholiast] mit ṇa geschrieben [Kāṭhaka-Recension] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 469, 1.] phalguṇīpūrvasamaye so v. a. pūrvaphalgunīsamaye [Mahābhārata 13, 3264.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 33, 10]; vgl. pūrvaphalgunī . — b) Ficus oppositifolia [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) Nomen proprium eines Frauenzimmers (f. zu 1, b) [Pravarādhyāya] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 58, 13.] — Vgl. phālguna .

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Phālguṇa (फाल्गुण):—s. u. phālguna .

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Phālguna (फाल्गुन):—

1) adj. f. ī zu dem Nakṣatra Phalgunī gehörig [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2. 23.] paurṇamāsī [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 2, 14. 9, 3.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 6, 3, 11. 12. 6, 2, 2, 18. 13, 4, 1, 4.] amāvāsyā [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 299.] subst. f. mit Ergänzung von paurṇamāsī der Vollmondstag im Monat Phālguna [Amarakoṣa 3, 6, 1, 6.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 394. fg.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 95. fg.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 5, 1, 1. 11, 15. 17. 15, 3, 49. 16, 1, 5.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 3, 14, 1. 15, 1. 15, 12, 15.] [GṚHY. 3, 10.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 23.] phālgunīpaurṇamāsī als comp. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 63,] [Scholiast] phālguno māsaḥ der Monat, in welchem der volle Mond im Nakṣatra Phalguni steht, [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 182.] [Mahābhārata 13, 5375.] m. mit Ergänzung von māsa [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 3, 15.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 111. 3, 3, 248.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 153.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] phālgunacaitrau vasantaḥ [Suśruta 1, 20, 4.] mukhaṃ saṃvatsarasya [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 5, 9, 8.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 13, 18, 3.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 46, 51.] phālgunotsava [BHAVIṢYOTT. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 136,a (127).] fälschlich phālguṇa geschrieben [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 221. 6, 129.] phālguna adj. = phalguna unter dem Nakṣatra Phalguni geboren [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 34, v. l.] —

2) m. a) ein best. Monat s. u. 1. — b) Beiname Arjuna's (vgl. phalguna adj. als v.l. für arjuna) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 8, 16. 3, 3, 248.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 708.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Duaupadīpramātha 8, 57.] [Arjunasamāgama 2, 11.] [Indralokāgamana 1, 10.] uttarābhyāṃ phalgunībhyāṃ nakṣatrābhyāmahaṃ divā . jāto himavataḥ pṛṣṭhe tena māṃ phālgunaṃ viduḥ .. [Mahābhārata 4, 1383.] [Harivaṃśa 7710.] — c) = arjuna Terminalia Arunja (d. i. arjuna) Whigt. Arn. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] = nadīja diess. —

3) f. a) der Vollmondstag im Monat Phālguna s. u. 1. — b) = phalgunī Name zweier Nakṣatra [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 111.] uttarā [112.] pūrvā [Harivaṃśa 7734. 7955.] [Sūryasiddhānta 8, 16. 9, 13.] phālguṇī [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 71, 24.] du. [72, 13 (73, 23. 74, 14] [Gorresio]; phalgunī die Bomb. Ausg. an beiden Stellen). phālguṇyaḥ prathamāḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 58, 19.] uttarāḥ [29.] [WEBER, Nakṣ. II, 365. 371. fg.] —

4) n. a) eine best. Grasart (sonst auch arjunānī genannt), welche auch als Surrogat für die Soma- Pflanze gebraucht wird: dvyāni phālgunāni lohitapuṣpāṇi cāruṇapuṣpāṇi ca [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 5, 10, 2.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 1, 4, 7, 5.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 6, 8.] — b) Nomen proprium eines Wallfahrtsortes [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 14, 31.]

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Phālguna (फाल्गुन):—

4) b) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 79, 18.] = anantapura Comm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Phalguṇa (फल्गुण):—, ka und ṇī wohl fehlerhaft für phalguna u.s.w.

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Phalguna (फल्गुन):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) — a) röthlich , roth. — b) *unter dem Mondhaus Phalgunī geboren.

2) *m. — a) der Monat Phālguna. — b) Beiname Arjuna's. —

3) f. ī — a) Sg. Du. und Pl. Name eines Doppel-Mondhauses (pūrvā und uttarā1). — b) *Ficus oppositifolia [Rājan 11,136.] — c) Nomen proprium eines Frauenzimmers.

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Phālguṇa (फाल्गुण):—und ṇī wohl nur fehlerhaft für phālguna und .

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Phālguna (फाल्गुन):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) zu dem Mondhause Phalgunī gehörig , *unter diesem Mondhause geboren.

2) m. — a) der Monat , in welchem der Vollmond im Mondhause Phalgunī steht. — b) Beiname Arjuna's. — c) *Terminalia Arunja [Rājan 9,123.] — d) * = nadīja. —

3) f. ī — a) der Vollmondstag im Monat Phālguna. — b) das Mondhaus Phalgunī.

4) n. — a) eine best. Grasart , welche auch als Surrogat für die Soma-Pflanze gebraucht wird. — b) Nomen proprium eines Wallfahrtsortes.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Phalguna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Phālguna (फाल्गुन) [Also spelled falgun]:—(nm) the last month of the year according to the Hindu calendar.

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