Phalguna, Phālguṇa: 23 definitions
Phalguna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Falgun.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Phālguna (फाल्गुन) is the second month of the “cold season” (śiśira) in the traditional Indian calendar, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The physician (bhiṣaj) should pay attention to the seasonal (ṛtu) factor in the use of medicinal drugs. Accordingly, “the bulbous roots in winter season (viz., Phālguna), other roots in cold season and flowers during spring season are supposed to contain better properties. The new leaves or shoots in summer and the drugs, which grow in mud, like Lotus etc., should be used in autumn season”.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Phalguna (फल्गुन).—Another name of Arjuna. Arjuna was born in the Uttarāphalgunī constellation in a mount of the Himālyas. So he was called Phalguna and also Phālguna. (Śloka 9, Chapter 44, Virāṭa Parva).
2) Phālguna (फाल्गुन).—A month (March). It is so called because the phalgunīnakṣatra yoga occurs in that month. He who gives away as gift his meal for a time of the day will become more loved by his wife. Not only that, the Purāṇas declare that such a man would attain Candraloka. (Chapter 109, Anuśāsana Parva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Phālguṇa (फाल्गुण).—The amāvāsya in the month of, (MarchApril); a Manvantarādi for śrāddha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 17. 7.
1b) (also Phalguṇa) sacred to Hari; visited by Balarāma.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 14. 31; X. 79. 18.
1c) Another name of Arjuna.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 2; 38. 35.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Phālguna (फाल्गुन), corresponding to “February-March”, refers to one of the months (māsa) in the Vedic calendar.—There are twelve months in a Vedic lunar calendar, and approximately every three years, there is a thirteenth month. Each month has a predominating deity and approximately corresponds with the solar christian months. [...] In accordance with the month of the year, one would utter the Vedic month, for example, phālguna-māsi.
The presiding deity of Phālguna is Govinda.Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Phālguna (फाल्गुन) refers to:—February-March. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Phālguna (फाल्गुन) refers to the lunar month corresponding to February-March (when the full moon is in the asterism of Phālguni), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Phālguna, the people of Vaṅga, of Āśmaka, of Avantikā and the Mekalās will be afflicted with disease; dancers, food crops, chaste women, bow-makers, the Kṣatriyas and ascetics will also suffer”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
One of the ten names assigned to Arjuna, the Hindu hero of the Mahabharata. Meaning of the name: "one born on the star of Phalguna"Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Phalguna (फल्गुन): Arjuna.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Phālguna (फाल्गुन) (presided over by Yama) is the third of twelve months, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Accordingly, there are altogether twelve months [viz., Phālguna] having twelve deities as given in the kālacakra-maṇḍala.—“here they are all accompanied with their Śaktis, mostly four-armed and have their distinctive vehicles”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
Phalguna in India is the name of a plant defined with Terminalia arjuna in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Flora Sylvatica (1869)
· Prodromus Florae Peninsulae Indiae Orientalis (1834)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1828)
· Fl. Austral. (1864)
· Taxon (1979)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1996)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Phalguna, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
phālguna (फाल्गुन).—m (S) The twelfth Hindu month from caitra; answering to February-March.
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phālgunā (फाल्गुना) [or नी, nī].—a Relating to the month phālguna.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
phālguna (फाल्गुन).—m The twelfth Hindu month from caitra; answering to February- March.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
2) Born under the constellation फल्गुनी (phalgunī).
-naḥ 1 The month of Phālguna.
2) Name of Indra.
3) Of Arjuna.
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1) Name of a Hindu month (corresponding to February-March).
2) An epithet of Arjuna; Mb. thus explains the epithet:-उत्तराभ्यां फल्गुनीभ्यां नक्षत्राभ्या- महं दिवा । जातो हिमवतः पृष्ठे तेन मां फाल्गुनं विदुः (uttarābhyāṃ phalgunībhyāṃ nakṣatrābhyā- mahaṃ divā | jāto himavataḥ pṛṣṭhe tena māṃ phālgunaṃ viduḥ) ||
3) Name of a tree, also called अर्जुन (arjuna).
Derivable forms: phālgunaḥ (फाल्गुनः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naḥ) 1. A name of Arjuna. The month Phalguna. f. (-nī) The constellation Phalguni. E. phal to bear fruit, Unadi aff. unan and guk aug.: see phālguna .
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(-naḥ) 1. A name of Arjuna. 2. A sort of tree, (Pentaptera Arjuna.) 3. A month, commonly called by the name Phalguna, (February-March.) f. (-nī) 1. Day of full moon on the month of Phalguna, on which Holi or great vernal festival of the Hindus is celebrated. 2. A name common to the eleventh and twelfth lunar asterisms, distinguished by the epithets first and last, or pūrva and uttaraphālgunīḥ see pūrvaphālgunī &c.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Phalguna (फल्गुन).—[phalgu + na], I. m. 1. The month Phālguna. 2. A name of Arjuna. Ii. f. nī, du. or pl. The eleventh and twelfth lunar asterisms, distinguished as former, pūrva, and latter, uttara; see phālguna.
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Phālguna (फाल्गुन).—i. e. phalguna + a, I. m. 1. A month, February
— March, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 221. 2. A name of Arjuna, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 13, 43. 3. A sort of tree, Pentaptera arjuna. Ii. f. nī. 1. The day of full moon in the month Phālguna. 2. The name of the eleventh and twelfth lunar asterisms, distinguished by the epithet former, pūrva, and latter, uttara.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Phalguna (फल्गुन).—[adjective] reddish, red. [masculine] [Epithet] of Arjuna; [feminine] ī sgl. & [dual] [Name] of a double lunar mansion.
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Phālguna (फाल्गुन).—[feminine] ī belonging to the lunar mansion Phalgunī; [masculine] [Name] of a month, [Epithet] of Arjuna, [feminine] ī the day of full moon in the month Ph., also = phalgunī.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Phalguṇa (फल्गुण):—[from phalgu] [wrong reading] for phalguna, naka, nī.
2) Phalguna (फल्गुन):—[from phalgu] mf(ī)n. reddish, red, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā]
3) [v.s. ...] born under the Nakṣatra Phalgunī, [Pāṇini 4-3, 34]
4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man (-svāmin m. a temple built by Ph°), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]
5) [v.s. ...] m. the month Phālguna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of Arjuna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) Phālguṇa (फाल्गुण):—[from phalgu] [wrong reading] for phālguna, nī.
8) Phālguna (फाल्गुन):—[from phalgu] a mf(ī)n. relating to the Nakṣatra Phalgunī, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; ???]
9) [v.s. ...] born under the N° Ph°, [Pāṇini 4-3, 34] ([varia lectio])
10) [v.s. ...] m. (with or [scilicet] māsa) the month during which the full moon stands in the N° Ph° (February-March), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]
11) [v.s. ...] Name of Arjuna (= phalguna), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]
12) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Arjuna (= nadī-ja), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [from phalgu] n. a species of grass used as a substitute for the Soma plant (and also called arjunānī), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
14) [v.s. ...] Name of a place of pilgrimage, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
15) b etc. See [column]1.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Phalguna (फल्गुन):—(naḥ) 1. m. A name of Arjuna; of a month, (Feb.-March;) of a constellation.
2) Phālguna (फाल्गुन):—(naḥ) 1. m. A name of Arjuna; name of a month; name of a tree. f. (nī) Day of the full moon in it; name of the 11th and 12th lunar asterisms.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Phālguna (फाल्गुन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Phagguṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Phālguna (फाल्गुन) [Also spelled falgun]:—(nm) the last month of the year according to the Hindu calendar.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Phalguṇa (ಫಲ್ಗುಣ):—[noun] Arjuna, the famous hero in the great Indian epic Mahābhārata.
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1) [noun] = ಫಲ್ಗುಣ [phalguna].
2) [noun] the twelfth month in the Hindu lunar calendar.
3) [noun] Indra, the lord of gods.
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Phālguṇa (ಫಾಲ್ಗುಣ):—[noun] the twelfth month of a Hindu lunar year.
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Phālguna (ಫಾಲ್ಗುನ):—[noun] = ಫಾಲ್ಗುಣ [phalguna].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+242): Phalgunala, Phalgunika, Phalguni, Phalgunanuja, Vatsarantaka, Tapasya, Anvashtaka, Govindadvadashi, Narasimhadvadashi, Bhattaphalguna, Bhagadaivatamasa, Phalgunaka, Prakphalguna, Phalgunipaksha, Nrisimhadvadashi, Vijayaikadashi, Shitalapuja, Phalgunasvamin, Phalgunamahatmya, Phaluguna.
Search found 65 books and stories containing Phalguna, Phālguṇa, Phālguna, Phālgunā, Phalguṇa; (plurals include: Phalgunas, Phālguṇas, Phālgunas, Phālgunās, Phalguṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 7.182 < [Section XIII - War]
Verse 4.119 < [Section XIII - Days unfit for Study]
Verse 4.113 < [Section XIII - Days unfit for Study]
Satapatha-brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa IV, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 10 < [Fourth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa II, adhyāya 6, brāhmaṇa 3 < [Second Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa VI, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Sixth Kāṇḍa]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 4.12.11 < [Chapter 12 - The Story of the Gopīs That In the Holi Festival Displayed Three Transcendental Virtues]
Verses 3.10.31-37 < [Chapter 10 - The Glory of Śrī Girirāja]
Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas (by Goswami Mitali)
Sun-worship Vratas (19) Trigati-saptamī < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Sun-worship Vratas (26) Pāpanāśinī-saptamī < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Sun-worship Vratas (14) Guṇāvāptivrata < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 3.2.143 < [Chapter 2 - Description of the Lord’s Travel Through Bhuvaneśvara and Other Placesto Jagannātha Purī]
Verse 1.1.95 < [Chapter 1 - Summary of Lord Gaura’s Pastimes]
Verse 1.3.44 < [Chapter 3 - Calculation of the Lord’s Horoscope]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)