Agrahayana, Agrahāyaṇa, Āgrahāyaṇa, Agrahāyana, Agra-hayana: 7 definitions



Agrahayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Agrahayana in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Agrahāyaṇa (or Mārgaśīrṣa) is a month of the Hindu calendar and Tamil calendar. In India's national civil calendar, Agrahāyaṇa is the ninth month of the year, beginning on 22 November and ending on 21 December. Since Vedic times, this month is known as Mārgaśīrṣa after the Nakṣatra (asterisms) Mṛgaśiras. In Tamil, the month is known as Maarkazhi.

The word Agrahāyaṇa means the month of Ayana or Equinox (agra=first + ayana = travel of the sun, equinox). The aligning of this name with the Mṛgaśiras Nakṣatra (lambda orionis), gives rise to speculation that this name may have been given when the sun was near Orion at the time of vernal equinox, i.e. around 7000 years ago.

In lunar religious calendars, Agrahāyaṇa may begin on either the new moon or the full moon around the same time of year, and is usually the 9th month of the year.

In solar religious calendars, Agrahāyaṇa/Maarkazhi begins with the Sun's entry into Sagittarius, and is usually the 9th month of the year.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Agrahayana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āgrahāyaṇa (आग्रहायण).—[= agrahāyaṇa-aṇ] Name of the month of मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa).

-ṇī 1 The full moon day of मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa); कार्तिक्या आग्रहायणी मासे (kārtikyā āgrahāyaṇī māse) Sk.

2) A particular kind of Pākayajña.

3) Name of a constellation called मृगशिरस् (mṛgaśiras).

Derivable forms: āgrahāyaṇaḥ (आग्रहायणः).

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Agrahāyana (अग्रहायन).—(ṇaḥ) [agraḥ śreṣṭhaḥ hāyano vrīhiḥ atra, ṇatvam] the beginning of the year; Name of the month मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa); (māsānāṃ mārgaśīrṣo'ham Bg. 1.35.); °इष्टिः नवशस्येष्टिर्यागभेदः (iṣṭiḥ navaśasyeṣṭiryāgabhedaḥ).

Derivable forms: agrahāyanaḥ (अग्रहायनः).

Agrahāyana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms agra and hāyana (हायन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrahāyaṇa (अग्रहायण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) The name of a month; the eighth of the lunar of the Hindus, when the moon is full near the head of Orion, or about November-December. E. agra and hāyana, year; according to the ancient system, the first month of the Hindu year; also āgrahāyaṇa.

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Āgrahāyaṇa (आग्रहायण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) A month so called, the first of the Hindu year according to some systems, (November-December.) E. agra beginning, and hāyana a year; also agrahāyaṇa, the a being unchanged.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agrahāyaṇa (अग्रहायण):—[=agra-hāyaṇa] [from agra] m. ‘commencement of the year’, Name of a Hindū month (mārgaśīrṣa, beginning about the 12th of November).

2) Āgrahāyaṇa (आग्रहायण):—[from āgrabhojanika] a m. = agra-hāyaṇa (q.v.), [Pāṇini 5-4, 36] [commentator or commentary]

3) b etc. See above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrahāyaṇa (अग्रहायण):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-ṇaḥ) A name given to the solar month Mārgaśiras or Mārgaśirṣa (q. v.) when the latter was made to commence the year; the eighth month of the lunar year of the Hindus, when the moon is full near the head of Orion, or about November-December. Also written āgrahāyaṇa. (The fem. agrahāyaṇī is a false reading for āgrahāyaṇī q. v.) E. agra and hāyaṇa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of agrahayana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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