Agrahayana, Agrahāyaṇa, Āgrahāyaṇa, Agrahāyana, Agra-hayana: 7 definitions
Agrahayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Agrahāyaṇa (or Mārgaśīrṣa) is a month of the Hindu calendar and Tamil calendar. In India's national civil calendar, Agrahāyaṇa is the ninth month of the year, beginning on 22 November and ending on 21 December. Since Vedic times, this month is known as Mārgaśīrṣa after the Nakṣatra (asterisms) Mṛgaśiras. In Tamil, the month is known as Maarkazhi.
The word Agrahāyaṇa means the month of Ayana or Equinox (agra=first + ayana = travel of the sun, equinox). The aligning of this name with the Mṛgaśiras Nakṣatra (lambda orionis), gives rise to speculation that this name may have been given when the sun was near Orion at the time of vernal equinox, i.e. around 7000 years ago.
In lunar religious calendars, Agrahāyaṇa may begin on either the new moon or the full moon around the same time of year, and is usually the 9th month of the year.
In solar religious calendars, Agrahāyaṇa/Maarkazhi begins with the Sun's entry into Sagittarius, and is usually the 9th month of the year.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Āgrahāyaṇa (आग्रहायण).—[= agrahāyaṇa-aṇ] Name of the month of मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa).
-ṇī 1 The full moon day of मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa); कार्तिक्या आग्रहायणी मासे (kārtikyā āgrahāyaṇī māse) Sk.
2) A particular kind of Pākayajña.
3) Name of a constellation called मृगशिरस् (mṛgaśiras).
Derivable forms: āgrahāyaṇaḥ (आग्रहायणः).
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Agrahāyana (अग्रहायन).—(ṇaḥ) [agraḥ śreṣṭhaḥ hāyano vrīhiḥ atra, ṇatvam] the beginning of the year; Name of the month मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa); (māsānāṃ mārgaśīrṣo'ham Bg. 1.35.); °इष्टिः नवशस्येष्टिर्यागभेदः (iṣṭiḥ navaśasyeṣṭiryāgabhedaḥ).
Derivable forms: agrahāyanaḥ (अग्रहायनः).
Agrahāyana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms agra and hāyana (हायन).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaḥ) The name of a month; the eighth of the lunar of the Hindus, when the moon is full near the head of Orion, or about November-December. E. agra and hāyana, year; according to the ancient system, the first month of the Hindu year; also āgrahāyaṇa.
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(-ṇaḥ) A month so called, the first of the Hindu year according to some systems, (November-December.) E. agra beginning, and hāyana a year; also agrahāyaṇa, the a being unchanged.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Agrahāyaṇa (अग्रहायण):—[=agra-hāyaṇa] [from agra] m. ‘commencement of the year’, Name of a Hindū month (mārgaśīrṣa, beginning about the 12th of November).
2) Āgrahāyaṇa (आग्रहायण):—[from āgrabhojanika] a m. = agra-hāyaṇa (q.v.), [Pāṇini 5-4, 36] [commentator or commentary]
3) b etc. See above.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Agrahāyaṇa (अग्रहायण):—[tatpurusha compound] m.
(-ṇaḥ) A name given to the solar month Mārgaśiras or Mārgaśirṣa (q. v.) when the latter was made to commence the year; the eighth month of the lunar year of the Hindus, when the moon is full near the head of Orion, or about November-December. Also written āgrahāyaṇa. (The fem. agrahāyaṇī is a false reading for āgrahāyaṇī q. v.) E. agra and hāyaṇa.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 16 books and stories containing Agrahayana, Agrahāyaṇa, Āgrahāyaṇa, Agrahāyana, Agra-hayana, Agra-hāyana, Agra-hāyaṇa, A-grahayana, Ā-grahāyaṇa, Āgrahayaṇa; (plurals include: Agrahayanas, Agrahāyaṇas, Āgrahāyaṇas, Agrahāyanas, hayanas, hāyanas, hāyaṇas, grahayanas, grahāyaṇas, Āgrahayaṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 4.150 < [Section XIV - Other Duties]
Verse 4.119 < [Section XIII - Days unfit for Study]
Verse 2.189 < [Section XXX - Rules to be observed by the Religious Student]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter X - Names of the twelve Adityas < [Book II]
Khadira-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXXXVII - The Damanaka Tryodasi Vratas < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter LVIII - Positions and dimensions of the sun and other planets < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CXLVI - Description of the Nidanam of all the diseases < [Dhanvantari Samhita]