Dush, Duṣ, Dus: 7 definitions



Dush means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Duṣ can be transliterated into English as Dus or Dush, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Duṣ (दुष्).—4 P. (duṣyati, duṣṭa)

1) To be bad or corrupted, be spoiled or suffer damage.

2) To be defiled or violated (as a woman &c.), be stained, be or become impure or contaminated; स्वल्पेनाप्यपकारेण ब्राह्मण्यमिव दुष्यति (svalpenāpyapakāreṇa brāhmaṇyamiva duṣyati) Pt.1. 66; Ms.7.24;9.318;1.12.

3) To sin, commit a mistake, be wrong.

4) To be unchaste or faithless. -Caus. (dūṣayati-te, but dūṣayati-te or doṣayati-te in the sense of 'making depraved' or 'corrupting')

1) To corrupt, spoil, cause to perish, hurt, destroy, defile, taint, contaminate, vitiate, pollute (lit. and fig.); न भीतो मरणादस्मि केवलं दूषितं यशः (na bhīto maraṇādasmi kevalaṃ dūṣitaṃ yaśaḥ) Mk.1.27; पूरा दूषयति स्थलीम् (pūrā dūṣayati sthalīm) R.12.3;8.68;1.47;12.4; Ms.5.1,14;7.195; Y.1.189; Amaru.72; न त्वेवं दूषयिष्यामि शस्त्रग्रहमहाव्रतम् (na tvevaṃ dūṣayiṣyāmi śastragrahamahāvratam) Mv.3.8. 'shall not sully, violate or break &c.'

2) To corrupt the morals, demoralize.

3) To violate or dishonour (as a girl or another's wife); योऽकामां दूषयेत्कन्यां स सद्यो बधमर्हति (yo'kāmāṃ dūṣayetkanyāṃ sa sadyo badhamarhati) Ms.8.364,368.

4) To abrogate, rescind, annul.

5) To blame, censure, find fault with, speak ill of, accuse; दूषितः सर्वलोकेषु निषादत्वं गमिष्यति (dūṣitaḥ sarvalokeṣu niṣādatvaṃ gamiṣyati) Rām.; Y.1.66.

6) To adulterate.

7) To falsify.

8) To refute, disprove.

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Dus (दुस्).—A prefix to nouns and sometimes to verbs meaning 'bad, evil, wicked, inferior, hard or difficult, &c.' (N. B. The s of dus is changed to r before vowels and soft consonants, see dur; to a Visarga before sibilants, to ś before c and ch, and to before k and p.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dūṣ (दूष्).—[dūṣa] r. 4th cl. (dūṣyati) 1. To be or become bad. 2. To make bad.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duṣ (दुष्).—i. 4, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], perhaps to be read dūṣyate, pass. of the [Causal.] Mahābhārata 1, 2405), 1. To be depraved, Mahābhārata 1, 2405. 2. To be defiled, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 318. 3. To be ruined, Kām. Nītis. 11, 36. 4. To sin, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 32. 5. To be faulty, [Suśruta] 2, 214, 15. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. duṣṭa, 1. Corrapt, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 257. 2. Painful, [Pañcatantra] 38, 11. 3. Wicked, [Pañcatantra] 98, 22. 4. Convicted, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 373. 5. Illaffected against somebody (with gen.), [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 92, 16 Gorr. 6. n. Sin, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 7760. Comp. A-, adj. innocent. Su-, adj. guilty, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 91, 2. Vāgdº, i. e. vāc-, m. a rude speaker, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 156; a defamer, 8, 345. [Causal.] dūṣaya, 1. To hurt, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 47; with gen., [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 74, 3. 2. To lav waste, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 195. 3. To defile, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 125; 6, 364. 4. To demoralise, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 6. 5. To falsify, Mahābhārata 13, 1683. 6. To rescind, Mahābhārata 12, 7256. 7. To blame, Mahābhārata 13, 1469. 8. To abuse, Mahābhārata 2, 2133. 9. To accuse, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 59, 20. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. dūṣita, Disgraced, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 29; deprived of the marks of his order (?) [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 66 ([Kullūka Schol. ed. [Mānavadharmaśāstra]]). Comp. ptcple. of the fut. pass. a-dūṣya, Not to be defiled, Mahābhārata 12, 6072.

— With the prep. anu anu, To lose courage afterwards, Mahābhārata 5, 4543.

— With ani abhi, abhiduṣṭa, Defiled, Mahābhārata 13, 1573. [Causal.] To hurt, [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 8 37.

— With upa upa, To be depraved, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11264.

— With pra pra, 1. To grow worse (as a disease), [Suśruta] 1, 83, 16. 2. To be defiled, Mahābhārata 12, 1237. 3. To act amiss, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 74. praduṣta, 1. Wicked, Mahābhārata 12, 4540. 2. Blameable, 1, 3666. [Causal.] 1. To defile, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 11, 25. 2. To deprave, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 51, 5 (pradūṣita). 3. To blame, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 61, 21 Gorr.

— With abhipra abhi-pra, [Causal.] To corrupt, [Suśruta] 1, 187, 17.

— With vipra vi-pra, viśduṣṭa, Exceedingly wanton, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 176.

— With saṃpra sam -pra, 1. To grow worse (as a disease), [Suśruta] 1, 443, 15. 2. To become wicked, Mahābhārata 2, 2397. saṃpraduṣṭa, Defiled, [Varāhamihira's Bṛhajjātaka.] S. 12, 14.

— With prati prati, [Causal.], pratidūṣita in bhāva-, n. Disturbance of mind, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 65.

— With vi vi, [Causal.] 1. To defile, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 2, 37. 2. To offend, Mārk. P. 34, 47. 3. To disgrace, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 78, 8 Gorr.

— With sam sam, To be defiled, Mahābhārata 12, 4009. saṃduṣṭa, 1. Wicked, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 51, 27. 2. Ill-affected against somebody, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 11 Gorr. [Causal.] 1. To corrupt, [Suśruta] 1, 286, 12. 2. To defile, [Rāmāyaṇa] c, 103, 19. 3. To expose to shame, Kām. Nītis. 6, 13. samdūṣita, Grown worse (as a disease), [Suśruta] 2, 413, 1.

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Dus (दुस्).— (cf. duṣ), a prefix implying: 1. Bad, wicked, contemptible, e. g. durvāc, A bad speech, abuse (see vāc); durjana, A wicked persen (see jana); durbuddhi, Having a contemptible intellect, i. e. stupid (see buddhi). 2. Wrong, e. g. dustarka (see tarka). 3. Inauspicious, e. g. dustithi (see tithi). 4. Difficult, e. g. duṣprekṣa.

— Cf. [Gothic.] tus in tuz-verjan; [Old High German.] zur-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duṣ (दुष्).—1. (°—) = dus.

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Duṣ (दुष्).—2. duṣyati (duṣyate) [participle] duṣṭa (q.v.) be or become bad, corrupted, defiled, impure; sin be guilty. [Causative] duṣayati q.v.

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Dus (दुस्).—(°—) = Gr. δυς.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Duś (दुश्):—[from dur] in [compound] for dus (p. 488).

2) Duṣ (दुष्):—[from dur] 1. duṣ in [compound] for dus (p. 488).

3) Dus (दुस्):—[from dur] ind. a prefix to nouns and rarely to verbs or adverbs ([Pāṇini 2-1, 6; 2, 18], [vArttika] 2, [Patañjali; iii, 3, 126 etc.]) implying evil, bad, difficult, hard

4) [v.s. ...] badly, hardly; slight, inferior etc. (opp. to su), often = Engl. in- or un-

5) [v.s. ...] cf. √2. duṣ; [Zend] dush-; [Greek] δυσ-; [Gothic] tuz-; O.H.G. zur.

6) [v.s. ...] It becomes dur (q.v.) before vowels and soft consonants; (q.v.) before r and sometimes before d, dh, n, which become , ḍh,

7) [v.s. ...] remains unchanged before t, th (in older language however ṣṭ, ṣṭh)

8) [v.s. ...] becomes duṣ (q.v.), rarely duḥ before k, kh; p, ph

9) [v.s. ...] duś (q.v.) before c, ch

10) [v.s. ...] duḥ (q.v.), rarely duś, duṣ, dus, before ś, , s.

11) Duṣ (दुष्):—2. duṣ [class] 4. [Parasmaipada] duṣyati (te, [Mahābhārata]; [perfect tense] dudoṣa; [future] dokṣyati, doṣṭā, [Siddhānta-kaumudī] : [Aorist] aduṣat, [Pāṇini 3-1, 55];adukṣat, [Vopadeva])

—to become bad or corrupted, to be defiled or impure, to be ruined, perish;

—to sin, commit a fault, be wrong, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.:—[Causal] dūṣayati ([Epic] also te) See under dūṣa;

doṣayati ([Pāṇini 6-4, 91]), to spoil or corrupt (the mind).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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