Adrishta, Adṛṣṭa: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Adrishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Adṛṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Adrsta or Adrishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Adrasht.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट) refers to the “unseen world”.—In Indian sculpture, painting, and iconography, the majority of the figures are based on the human body. This belongs to the dṛṣṭa (the visible world). All natural shapes are said to be with life. Human body is the place where the outer world is transformed. It is also the scene of the transformation of the self. In this transformed shape, the self is represented in art. The transformation results from an inner process of realization. It is not visible to the physical eye; it belongs to the adṛṣṭa (the unseen). The world of the inner reality differs from the outer world but cannot exist without it. Therefore, art serves as the meeting ground of the two worlds and relates to the transformation of the inner world to that of the outer.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट).—Not seen properly; doubtful; indistinct;said with respect to a letter which is not distinctly deciphered in the Saṃhitāpātha: e.g. तन्नः (tannaḥ) (R. Saṃh. I. 107. 3): the last letter त् (t) of तत् (tat) is deciphered in the Pada-pātha which is given as तत्-नः (tat-naḥ) cf. अदृष्टवर्णे प्रथमे चोदकः स्यात् प्रदर्शकः (adṛṣṭavarṇe prathame codakaḥ syāt pradarśakaḥ) R. Pr. X. 15.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट) refers to “unforeseen, not observed or thought of”.—Virtue or vice as the eventual cause of pleasure or pain.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Adṛṣṭa literally means ‘the unseen’. Adṛṣṭa refers to the unseen power that guides human destiny. Success or failure depends on the consonance of this power with our efforts. This word is used in the sense of ‘karma’ or fate (the consequence of actions, good or bad, done in the previous lives). The word is sometimes used to indicate only merit, accruing to the performer of good deeds. Some schools use it in the sense of blind destiny.

The Purva-mīmāmsā system, however, employs it in a technical sense as equivalent to ‘apurva,’ the unseen effect of sacrificial rites producing the desired results for the performer in his future life.

Adṛṣṭa resides in the subtle body of the soul unfolding its results at the appropriate time in future or in future life. Its power is irresistible and incomprehensible by ordinary consciousness.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट).—n (S) Fortune, destiny, consequence or fruit of one's deeds. 2 (Because the fortunes or lot are supposed to be written on the forehead.) The forehead. 3 Virtue or vice as the source of eventual pleasure or pain. adṛṣṭāsa yēṇēṃ To seem proper or advisable unto.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट).—a.

1) Invisible, not seen; °पूर्व (pūrva) not seen before.

2) Not known or experienced, not felt; °विरहव्यथम् (virahavyatham) H.1.125.

3) Unforeseen, not observed or thought of; unknown, unobserved. तस्माददृष्टं त्वां भयमागमिष्यति (tasmādadṛṣṭaṃ tvāṃ bhayamāgamiṣyati) Mb. 1.3.9.

4) Not-permitted or sanctioned, illegal; न चादृष्टां (na cādṛṣṭāṃ) (vṛddhiṃ) पुनर्हरेत् (punarharet) Ms.8.153.

-ṣṭaḥ Name of some venomous substance or vermin.

-ṣṭam 1 The invisible one.

2) Destiny, fate, luck (good or bad); दैवमिति यदपि कथयसि पुरुषगुणः सोऽयदृष्टाख्यः (daivamiti yadapi kathayasi puruṣaguṇaḥ so'yadṛṣṭākhyaḥ) Pt.5.3.

3) Virtue or vice as the eventual cause of pleasure or pain. (Fate is supposed to be the result of good or bad actions done in one state of existence and experienced in another, the performance of good deeds being rewarded with residence in Heaven, and of bad deeds, visited with condemnation to Hell; dharmādharmāvadṛṣṭaṃ syāt dharmaḥ svargādi- sādhana...adharmo narakādīnāṃ heturninditakarmajaḥ Bhāṣā P.161-2. The Vedāntins do not recognize adṛṣṭa or luck; tairhi karmaṇaḥ sūkṣmāvasthāpannasaṃskāraviśeṣa eva adṛṣṭasthānīyatvenāṅgīkriyate; adṛṣṭam ātmadarma iti naiyāyikā vaiśeṣikādayaśca, sāṃkhyapātañjalāstu buddhidharma ityamyupagacchanti Tv.)

4) An unforeseen calamity or danger (such as from fire, water &c.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट).—n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Casual and unseen danger, (as from conflagration, inundation, &c.) 2. Fortune, destiny, fate. 3. (In logic) Virtue or vice, as the eventual cause of pleasure or pain. mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Unseen, unforeseen. 2. Unknown, unfelt. not experienced. E. a neg. and dṛṣṭa seen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट).—[adjective] unseen, invisible, unforeseen, unexpected; unprecedented, unlawful; [neuter] the invisible power, fate, destiny.

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Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट).—[adjective] unseen, invisible, unforeseen, unexpected; unprecedented, unlawful; [neuter] the invisible power, fate, destiny.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट):—[=a-dṛṣṭa] [from a-dṛś] mfn. or a-dṛṣṭa [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] unseen, unforeseen, invisible, not experienced, unobserved, unknown, unsanctioned

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a particular venomous substance or of a species of vermin, [Atharva-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] n. unforeseen danger or calamity, that which is beyond the reach of observation or consciousness, (especially the merit or demerit attaching to a man’s conduct in one state of existence and the corresponding reward or punishment with which he is visited in another)

4) [v.s. ...] destiny, fate: luck, bad luck.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट):—[a-dṛṣṭa] (ṣṭaṃ) 1. n. Casual danger; fate. a. Unseen, unknown.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट):—

--- OR ---

Adṛṣṭa (अदृष्ट):—

1) c) ungesehen, unsichtbar so v. a. übernatürlich in den zwei ersten Stellen. In Verbindung mit phala nicht vor Augen liegend so v. a. sich erst später (nach dem Tode) zeigend, eine höhere sittliche Bedeutung habend: prathamā dharmapatnī ca dvitīyā rativardhinī . dṛṣṭameva phalaṃ tatra nādṛṣṭamupajāyate .. [DAKṢA 4, 14.] Als n. moralisches Verdienst: yam (sc. artham, vgl. [GOT. 1, 24]) adhikṛtya pravartante puruṣāstatprayojanam taddvividhaṃ dṛṣṭādṛṣṭabhedāt [SARVADARŚANAS. 113, 15. fg.] [KUSUM. 3, 4. 9, 4.] [KAṆ. 6, 2, 1. 2.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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