Devasva, Deva-ashva, Deva-sva, Devashva, Dēvasva, Devāśva: 13 definitions


Devasva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Devāśva can be transliterated into English as Devasva or Devashva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Devasva (देवस्व) refers to one of the six kinds of Nirmālya (everything offered to the Lord and everything that is his property) according to the Uttara-Kāmikāgama (prāyaścittavidhi-paṭala).—Nirmālya is classified into six. Devasva includes all property of the Lord including villages, etc.

Devasva refers to the “property of the Lord”.—The canopies tied on maṇḍapas, the decorative umbrellas, flowers, garlands, clothes, ornaments, vehicles, cows, land, gold, houses etc. and all other dravya offered to Śiva are called “devasva” or the property of the Lord.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Devasva (देवस्व) refers to the “Lord’s funds” (i.e., “temple funds”), as discussed in chapter 16 (Caryāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [sammārjana-ādi-phala-devasva-apahāra-doṣa-kīrtana]: Brahmā asks Bhagavān to know about certain miscellaneous things, and is told first about certain bad omens of a general nature and then about pacifications to be undertaken to neutralise them. [...] Finally Bhagavān turns to certain heinous sins-like taking over temple properties, absconding with temple funds (devasva-apahāra), etc. (83b-96a).

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geography

Source: Yale Journal of Music & Religion: Ritual Music in Contemporary Brahmanical Tantric Temples of Kerala

Devasva (देवस्व) refers to “individual holdings”.—The history of temples and temple ritual cults in Kerala starts in the period between the eighth and ninth centuries b.c.e. with the diffusion and consolidation of agrarian villages headed by Brahamans who had migrated from Tamil and Karnataka. They were temple-centered villages managed by a corporation of Brahman landlords who held all the agrarian tracts as individual holdings (brahmasva [brahmasvam]) and temple holdings (devasva [dēvasvam]), and hence controlled the settlers of the village. As non-cultivating people, Brahmans leased most of their lands, as well as temple lands, to functionaries who did not belong to their order. [...]

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dēvasva (देवस्व).—n (S) pop. dēvasū n Ground or property given for the support of an idol &c., a religious endowment.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Devāśva (देवाश्व).—an epithet of उच्चैःश्रवस् (uccaiḥśravas), the horse of Indra.

Derivable forms: devāśvaḥ (देवाश्वः).

Devāśva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and aśva (अश्व).

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Devasva (देवस्व).—'property of gods', property applicable to religious purposes or endowments; यद्धनं यज्ञशीलानां देवस्वं तद्विदु- र्बुधाः (yaddhanaṃ yajñaśīlānāṃ devasvaṃ tadvidu- rbudhāḥ) Manusmṛti 11.2,26. °अपहरणम् (apaharaṇam) sacrilege.

Derivable forms: devasvam (देवस्वम्).

Devasva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and sva (स्व).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devasva (देवस्व).—n.

(-svaṃ) The property aplicable to religious purpose, endowment, &c. E. deva divine, and sva wealth.

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Devāśva (देवाश्व).—m.

(-śvaḥ) The horse of Indra. E. deva a deity, and aśva a horse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devasva (देवस्व).—n. property of the gods, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 20.

Devasva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and sva (स्व).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devasva (देवस्व).—[neuter] the property of the gods.

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Devāśva (देवाश्व).—[masculine] the horse of a god.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Devasva (देवस्व):—[=deva-sva] [from deva] n. d° property, [Manu-smṛti xi, 20; 26.]

2) Devāśva (देवाश्व):—[from deva] m. divine horse, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa v, 2]

3) [v.s. ...] Indra’s horse Uccaiḥ-śravas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Devasva (देवस्व):—[deva-sva] (svaṃ) 1. n. The property applicable to religious purposes.

2) Devāśva (देवाश्व):—[devā+śva] (śvaḥ) 1. m. The horse of Indra, king of heaven.

[Sanskrit to German]

Devasva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dēvasva (ದೇವಸ್ವ):—[noun] any property owned by a temple.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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