Rantideva, Ranti-deva: 13 definitions


Rantideva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Rantideva in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Rantideva (रन्तिदेव):—One of the two sons of Saṅkṛti (son of Nara, who was one of the five sons of Manyu). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.2)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Rantideva (रन्तिदेव).—The Kindest and the most liberal of the Kings in ancient India.

. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus: Atri-Candra Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Pūru-Janamejaya-Prācinvān-Pravīra-Namasyu-Vītabhaya Śuṇḍu-Bahuvidha-Saṃyāti-Rahovādī-Raudrāśva-Matināra-Santurodha-Duṣyanta-Bharata-Suhotra-Suhotā-Gala-Garda-Suketu-Bṛhatkṣatra-Nara-Saṅkṛti Rantideva.

. His importance. Rantideva’s unique kindness is very famous in history. After the great war was over, Nārada once narrated the stories of sixteen kings to Dharmaputra. There are a number of stories relating to Rantideva’s kindness, hospitality etc. He had engaged 20,000 people to cook food for guests who came to the palace everyday. He was very vigilant about treating guests day and night alike. He gifted away all wealth which had been righteously earned, to brahmins. He learned Vedas and subdued enemies by Dharma (righteousness). The very blood that flowed from the skin of cattle killed to entertain his guests formed itself into a river called Carmaṇvati. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 29. 21,000 cows were daily killed for the guest. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 67). Other information.

(i) Rantideva entered Svarga by giving Vasiṣṭha warm water. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 234, Verse 17).

(ii) He once worshipped maharṣis with fruits and vegetables and achieved his desire. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 292, Verse 7).

(iii) He never ate flesh. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 115, Verse 67).

(iv) He entered heaven once by making oblations to Vasiṣṭha. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 137, Verse 6).

(v) He is recognised as one of the Mahārājas who are to be remembered both at dawn and at dusk. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 150, Verse 51). (See full article at Story of Rantideva from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Rantideva (रन्तिदेव).—A son of Samkṛti: attained permanent fame. He performed a sacrifice when he gave up all he had and suffered with his family having nothing to eat for fortyeight days. When he had something to eat, there came a Brahmana guest and a Vṛṣala, and another guest with dogs around him; they all shared it. When he had something to drink, there came a Pulkasa and asked for the drink and got it. To such a high soul, the gods showed darśan. All his followers became Yogins, himself having realised the Yogamāyā of Viṣṇu.1 Parīkṣit compared to him for his generosity.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 2-18; X. 72. 21; II. 7. 44; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 22.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 12. 24; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 34. 38.

1b) A son of Mahāyaśas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 37.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Rantideva (रन्तिदेव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.116.67, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ranti-deva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rantideva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rantideva (रन्तिदेव).—

1) Name of a king of the lunar race, sixth in descent from Bharata. [He was very pious and benevolent. He possessed enormous riches, but he spent them in performing grand sacrifices. So great was the number of animals slaughtered during his reign both in sacrifices as well as for use in his kitchen that a river of blood is supposed to have issued from their hides which was afterwards appropriately called चर्मण्वती (carmaṇvatī); स्रोतोमूर्त्या भुवि परिणतां रन्तिदेवस्य कीर्तिम् (srotomūrtyā bhuvi pariṇatāṃ rantidevasya kīrtim) Meghadūta 47 and Malli. thereon.]

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

3) A dog.

Derivable forms: rantidevaḥ (रन्तिदेवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rantideva (रन्तिदेव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu. 2. A king of lunar dynasty; also called Sasideva. 3. A dog. E. ranti sport, deva deity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rantideva (रन्तिदेव).—m. 1. A name of Viṣṇu. 2. The name of a king, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 46 (cf. Viṣṇu P. 481, n. 18). 3. A dog.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rantideva (रन्तिदेव).—[masculine] [Name] of an ancient king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Rantideva (रन्तिदेव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a teacher of yoga. Mentioned in Śaktiratnākara Oxf. 101^a.

2) Rantideva (रन्तिदेव):—1) poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] 2) a writer on Kāmaśāstra. Mentioned in Pañcasāyaka Peters. 2, 110. 3) a lexicographer. Mentioned by Medinīkara, and quoted by Mallinātha Oxf. 113^b, by Rāyamukuta, by Bhānuji Oxf. 182^b, by Śivarāma on Vāsavadattā p. 73. 223, by Bharatasena on Bhaṭṭikāvya 3, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rantideva (रन्तिदेव):—[=ranti-deva] [from ranti > ram] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] of a king of the lunar race (son of Saṃkṛti; he spent his riches in performing grand sacrifices and the blood which issued from the bodies of the slaughtered victims was changed into a river called carmaṇ-vatī [Scholiast or Commentator] on [Meghadūta 46]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of another king, [Harṣacarita]

4) [v.s. ...] of a teacher of Yoga and various authors, [especially] of a lexicographer (= ranti), [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] a dog, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rantideva (रन्तिदेव):—[ranti-deva] (vaḥ) 1. m. Vishnu; a king of the lunar race; a deg.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rantideva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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