Daruka, Dāruka: 16 definitions



Daruka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Dāruka (दारुक).—The charioteer of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Dāruka (दारुक) is another name for Devadāru, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Cedrus deodara (Himalayan cedar), from the Pinaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.28), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Dāruka (दारुक).—Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s charioteer. In the Mahābhārata, we come across few persons who excel Dāruka in their skill as charioteers. We find the following details about him in the Mahābhārata:—

When Śrī Kṛṣṇa fought against King Śālva, Dāruka was over-whelmed by Śālva’s arrows. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 21, Verse 5).

At the time of the battle at Kurukṣetra, hearing the sound of Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s conch-shell, Dāruka drove his chariot and brought it before Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 147, Verse 45).

When Sātyaki fought with Karṇa, Dāruka drove Sātyaki’s chariot. At that time he proved his extraordinary skill in charioteering. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 147, Verse 54).

After being attended by Dāruka, Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s chariot horses flew up into the Heavens. (Mahābhārata Mausala Parva, Chapter 3, Verse 5).

It was Dāruka who informed the Pāṇḍavas that the Yaduvaṃśa had perished. On his return, he accompanied Arjuna in his journey to Dvārakā. (Mahābhārata Mausala Parva, Chapter 5). (See full article at Story of Dāruka from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Dāruka (दारुक).—A charioteer of Mahiṣāsura. (Devī Bhāgavata, Pañcama Skandha). For further details about this Dāruka, see under Ghaṇṭākarṇa.

3) Dāruka (दारुक).—A son of Garuḍa. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101, Verse 9 contains a reference to this Dāruka).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dāruka (दारुक).—The charioteer of Kṛṣṇa;1 went with Kṛṣṇa to Śālva's station, and drove the chariot when Kṛṣṇa gained Lakṣmaṇā by svayamvara;2 took Kṛṣṇa to Mithilā and the Videha country.3 His son was the charioteer of Pradyumna.4 Stood before Kṛṣṇa on the eve of His returning from the earth. Kṛṣṇa asked him to inform the Dvārakā people of the position of the Yādavas at Prabhāsa and advise them to go to Indraprastha with Arjuna. Returning to the city, Dāruka informed Vasudeva and others accordingly.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 16. 20 [5]. [8]; 64. [6]; 71. 12. Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 51.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 77. 9-11; 83. 33.
  • 3) Ib. 86. 17; 53. 4.
  • 4) Ib. 76. 27.
  • 5) Ib. XI. 30. 41-50; 31. 15-17; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 57-64.

1b) The avatār of the Lord in the 21st Dvāpara with sons in the holy Dāruvana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 95.
Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Dāruka (दारुक).—According to the said Kūrmapurāṇa, Hara (Śiva), in order to teach the defaults of worldly life (pravṛtti), went to the Dāruka forest, where “great sages performed various sacrifices and practiced penance according to the prescribed rule while taking an active part in the worldly life”. Because he wished to establish the doctrine of nivṛtti “inactivity,” Śiva went to the forest in the company of Viṣṇu, the teacher of the universe.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dāruka (दारुक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.82.22) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dāruka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Dāruka (दारुक): Sri Krishna's charioteer.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dāruka, (cp. dāru) a log S.I, 202=Th.1, 62=DhA.III, 460; adj. made of wood Th.2. 390 (°cillaka, a wooden post, see ThA.257). (Page 319)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dāruka (दारुक).—1 The Devadāru tree.

2) Name of Kṛṣṇa's charioteer; उत्कन्धरं दारुक इत्युवाच (utkandharaṃ dāruka ityuvāca) Śi.4.18.

-kā 1 A puppet.

2) A wooden figure.

Derivable forms: dārukaḥ (दारुकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dāruka (दारुक).—name of a yakṣa, and °ka-pura, name of the town where he lived: Mahā-Māyūrī 30.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāruka (दारुक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A proper name, the charioteer of Krishna. E. dṝ to tear (his foes), affix ukañ. n.

(-kaṃ) A pine, (Pinus devadaru.) f.

(-kā) A doll, a puppet. E. dāru wood, and svārthe ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāruka (दारुक).—[masculine] a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dāruka (दारुक):—[from dāra] 1. dāruka m. Name of Kṛṣṇa’s charioteer, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] of an incarnation of Śiva, [Vāyu-purāṇa]

3) [from dāru] 2. dāruka n. Pinus Devadaru, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Dārukā (दारुका):—[from dāruka > dāru] f. a wooden doll or puppet, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāruka (दारुक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Krishna's charioteer. f. A doll. n. A pine tree.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Dāruka (दारुक):—

1) m. Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Satyaka und Wagenlenkers des Kṛṣṇa [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 34.] [Mahābhārata 2, 36. 50. 1620. 3, 728. 799. fg. 4, 1412. 5, 2978. 14, 1478.] [Harivaṃśa 6575. 7458.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 611.] eine Incarnation Śiva’s [Vāyupurāṇa] in [Oxforder Handschriften 53,a,35.] —

2) f. ā (von dāru) Holzfigur, Puppe [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) n. = 2. dāru 2. = devadāru [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Dāruka (दारुक):——

1) m. Nomen proprium — a) des Wagenlenkers von Kṛṣṇa. — b) einer Incarnation Śiva's. —

2) *f. ā Holzfigur , Puppe.

3) *n. Pinus Deodora.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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