Naka, aka: Nāka; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Naka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Nāka (नाक).—Name of a settlement (janapada) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Nāka (नाक).—A son of Kali: had no body: married Sakunī;1 a man-eater.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 10, 13.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

nāka : (m.) the heaven.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

nakā (नका).—ad (pl of nakō q. v.) A particle of prohibition, --No! don't! forbear!

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nāka (नाक).—n (nāsikā S) The nose. 2 fig. The spot at which a grain, a potato &c. germinates, the eye. 3 The eye of a needle, bodkin &c. 4 The principal person (as of a family or an assembly); the chief town or fort (of a country). 5 The bore made for nose-rings. 6 Boldness, assurance, brazen-facedness. Ex. tēthēṃ mī kōṇatyā nākānēṃ jāūṃ With what face can I go there? 7 Honorableness or fair reputation; as mājhēṃ nāka gēlēṃ-gamāvalēṃ &c. 8 (nāyaka S) An affix of courtesy to the names of Mahars or Parwaris; as bhāganāka, rāma- nāka. āpalēṃ nāka kāpūna dusaṛyāsa apaśakuna or avalakṣaṇa karaṇēṃ To ruin one's self in order to injure another. uñcyā nākānēṃ (karaṇēṃ-bōlaṇēṃ-vāgaṇēṃ-phiraṇēṃ) Impudently, with a brazen face. nāka ōrabaḍaṇēṃ To rifle the nose; to strip or tear off its jewels. nāka kāpaṇēṃ To take the conceit out of. nāka khālīṃ paḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To have one's high and proud looks brought low. nāka guṇḍāḷaṇēṃ To acknowledge one's own inferiority; to succumb, to truckle, to draw in one's horns. nāka ghāsaṇēṃ To pay servile court; to crouch, cringe, truckle. nāka jaḷaṇēṃ g. of s. To be oppressed under a sense of stench. nāka tōṇḍa muraḍaṇēṃ To turn up the nose at. nāka tōḍūna kaḍōstrīsa khōviṇēṃ To throw off all sense of shame, and persist (in begging &c.) although constantly refused and spurned. nāka dharaṇēṃ To hold by the nose; i. e. to keep waiting: also to obstruct or hinder gen. nāka dharūna basaṇēṃ To be always engaged in religious meditation or performing ceremonies. Used reproachfully of one who sits in vacant stillness neglecting his duties. nākapuḍyā piñjāraṇēṃ-phulaviṇēṃ-phuga- viṇēṃ-phuraphuraviṇēṃ-phēdaraṇēṃ &c. To draw in, dilate, and swell one's nose with anger; to snort, to storm, to bluster. nāka phēḍaṇēṃ To blow the nose. nāka mōḍaṇēṃ To turn up one's nose daintily or haughtily. nāka mōḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To nip, blast, foil, put down. nāka lāvūna (karaṇēṃ &c.) To put on a bold face; to brazen out. nāka vara karaṇēṃ or vara karūna cālaṇēṃ To turn up one's nose; to sneer at, or to be disdainful. 2 To hold one's head high; i. e. to look bold and lofty when (for one's crimes or follies) one ought to be walking humbly and softly. nākānta kāḍyā ghālaṇēṃ To tease, to twit, to gibe, to fling sarcasms at. nākānta bōlaṇēṃ To speak through the nose, to snuffle. nākānēṃ kāndē or vāṅgīṃ sōlaṇēṃ To vaunt perfect purity from, and to be stern in reproving, a vice to which one's self is addicted with all devotedness. 2 Used often in agreement with To swallow a camel and strain out a gnat. nākālā jhimōṭā ghālaṇēṃ To turn up one's nose; to sneer at. nākāvara nimbu ghāsaṇēṃ or piḷaṇēṃ g. of o. To triumph over (an opponent); to succeed in spite of his opposition. nākāvara pāya dēṇēṃ g. of o. To brave another; to do in the teeth of. nākāvara māśī basūṃ na dēṇēṃ To be very touchy and irritable; to be very jealous of (honor, character &c.) nākāśīṃ sūta dharaṇēṃ To hold a thread before the nostrils of (as of one in the last moments). nākāsa cunā lāvaṇēṃ To dare and defy; to brave or challenge; to do in open defiance of. nā- kāsa padara yēṇēṃ To be abashed or confounded; to become ashamed. nākāsamōra jā Go straight forwards; follow your nose. nākīṃ durāhī kāḍhaṇēṃ To supplicate earnestly and humbly. nākīṃ vēsana ghālaṇēṃ g. of o. To lead by the nose; to put one's bridle in the jaws of and govern. nāka mukyāpuḍhēṃ khājaviṇēṃ To irritate, exasperate, excite, inflame. nāka muṭhīnta dharūna jāṇēṃ To sneak off with the tail between the legs. To the above add the following. nāka gēlēṃ tarīṃ bhōkēṃ rāhilīṃ or āhēta (mhaṇaṇēṃ &c.) To be utterly unashamed of one's shame; to show extreme effrontery; (to point to or talk about one's stigma). nāka jhāḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To lower one's swelling and puffing; to take the conceit out of. nāka jhāḍaṇēṃ To blow the nose. 2 To snort. 3 To flout, scout, hoot at contemptuously. nāka dharalyāsa tōṇḍa ughaḍatēṃ Apply or maintain some constraint or check, and you shall obtain your demand. nāka vara asaṇēṃ g. of s. To be high in society or the world; to be above (in learning, wealth, station &c.) one's neighbors. nākācī ghāṇa maraṇēṃ or jāṇēṃ To lose one's sense of offensive smells. nākānta kāḍyā jāṇēṃ g. of s. To take pain or offence at. nākā tōṇḍācī guñjaḍī karaṇēṃ To draw up one's nose and mouth in sulks or in anger; to make a purse of one's nose and mouth. nākāpēkṣāṃ mōtīṃ jaḍa Used of one coming short of his fame or display or pretensions. nākālā jībha lāvaṇēṃ To express disdain. nākālā padara lāvaṇēṃ (or, as v i, lāgaṇēṃ) To cover one's face (as under shame from some obloquy or dishonor). nākāvara ṭicaṇēṃ (śambhara rūpayē &c.) To tip the nose with, i. e. to cast at; to toss to; to give (money &c.) without reserve or hesitation. nākāvara bōṭa ṭhēvaṇēṃ To impress secresy or silence; to put the finger upon the lip. nākāvara padara yēṇēṃ To become a widow: also to be shamed into retirement and concealment. nākāvara vāṭa karaṇēṃ g. of o. To do maugre or in defiance of; to do in the teeth of. nākāśīṃ or nākīṃ sūta dharaṇēṃ To hold a thread in the nostril (of a dying person) in order to determine whether there is life or not. Hence nākāśīṃ sūta dharilēṃ g. of s. He is in articulo mortis. nākā hōṇṭāvara jēvaṇēṃ To eat fastidiously. nākīṃ nava m pl yēṇēṃ (To have the nine senses or powers come into the nostrils.) To be in articulo mortis: also to be knocked up or wearied out.

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nākā (नाका).—m ( H) A point where two or more roads meet: also the extremity of a road. 2 A custom-station.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nakā (नका).—

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nāka (नाक).—n The nose. The spot at which a grain, a potato &c. germinates, the eye. The eye of a needle, bodkin &c. The principal person (as of a family or an assembly); the chief town or fort (of a country). The bore made for nose-rings. Boldness, assurance, brazen-facedness. Ex. yēthēṃ mī kōṇatyā nākānēṃ jāūṃ? With what face can I go there? Honourableness or fair reputa- tion; as mājhēṃ nāka gēlēṃ-gamāvalēṃ &c. An affix of courtesy to the names of Mahars &c. as bhāganāka, rāmanāka. āpalēṃ nāka kāpūna dusaṛyāsa apaśakuna or avalakṣaṇa karaṇēṃ To ruin one's self in order to injure another. uñca nākānēṃ ( karaṇēṃ-bōlaṇēṃ-vāgaṇēṃ-phiraṇēṃ) Impu- dently, with a brazen face. nāka ōra- baḍaṇēṃ To rifle the nose; to strip or tear off its jewels. nāka kāpaṇēṃ To take the conceit out of. nāka khālīṃ paḍaṇēṃ To have one's high and proud looks brought low. nāka guṇḍāḷaṇēṃ To acknowledge one's own inferiority; to succumb, to truckle, to draw in one's horns. nāka ghāsaṇēṃ To pay servile court; to crouch, truckle. nāka jaḷaṇēṃ To be oppressed under a sense of stench. nāka tōṇḍa muraḍaṇēṃ To turn up the nose at. nāka tōḍūna kaḍō- strīsa khōviṇēṃ To throw off all sense of shame, and persist (in begging &c.) although constantly refused and spurned. nāka dharaṇēṃ To hold by the nose, i.e. to keep waiting: also to obstruct or hinder gen. nāka dharūna basaṇēṃ To be al- ways engaged in religious meditation or performing ceremonies. nākapuḍyā piṃ- jāraṇēṃ-phulaviṇēṃ-phugāviṇēṃ-phuraphuraviṇēṃ-phēdāṇēṃ &c. To draw in, dilate, and swell one's nose with anger; to snort, to storm, to bluster. nāka phēḍaṇēṃ To blow the nose. nāka mōḍaṇēṃ To turn up one's nose daintily or haughtily. nāka mōḍaṇēṃ To nip, blast. nāka lāvūna (karaṇēṃ &c.) To put on a bold face; to brazen out. nāka vara karaṇēṃ or vara karūna cālaṇēṃ To turn up one's nose; to sneer at, or to be disdainful. To hold one's head high. nākānta kāḍyā ghālaṇēṃ To twit, to urge on. nākānta bōlaṇēṃ To speak through the nose, to snuffle. nākānēṃ kāndē or vāṅgī sōlaṇēṃ To vaunt perfect purity from, and to be stern in reproving, a vice to which one's self is addicted. To swallow a camel and strain a gnat. nākālā jhimōṭā ghālaṇēṃ To turn up one's nose; to sneer at. nākāvara nimbū ghāsaṇēṃ or piḷaṇēṃ To triumph over (an oppo- nent); to succeed in spite of his oppo- sition. cākāvara pāya dēṇēṃ To brave another, to do in the teeth of. nākāvara māśī basū na dēṇēṃ To be very touchy and ir- ritable; to be very jealous of (honour, character &c.) nākāśīṃ suta dharaṇēṃ To hold a thread before the nostrils of (as of one in the last moment). nākāsa cunā lāvaṇēṃ To dare and defy; to brave or challenge. nākāsa padara yēṇēṃ To be abashed or confounded; to become ashamed. nākāsamōra jā Go straight forwards; fol- low your nose. nākīṃ durāhī kāḍhaṇēṃ To sup- plicate earnestly and humbly. nākīṃ vēsaṇa ghālaṇēṃ To lead by the nose. nāka mukyāpuḍhēṃ khājaviṇēṃ To irritate, exasperate. nāka muṭhīnta dharūna jāṇēṃ To sneak off with the tail between the legs. nāka gēlēṃ tarī bhōkēṃ rāhilī or āhēta (mhaṇaṇēṃ &c.) To be utterly unashamed of one's shame; to show extreme effrontery; (to point to or talk about one's stigma) nāka jhāḍaṇēṃ To lower one's swelling and puffing; to take the conceit out of. nāka jhāḍaṇēṃ To blow the nose. To snort. To flout. nāka dharalyāsa tōṇḍa ughaḍatēṃ Apply or main- tain some constraint or check, and you shall obtain your demand. nāka vara asaṇēṃ To be high in society or the world; to be above (in learning, wealth, station &c.) one's neighbours

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nākā (नाका).—m A point where two or more roads meet; the extremity of a road. A custom-station.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāka (नाक).—a. [na kam akaṃ duḥkham; tannāsti yatra nabhrāḍityādi ni° prakṛtibhāvaḥ] Happy, painless; तन्नाकं तद्विशोकम् (tannākaṃ tadviśokam) Ch. Up.2.1.5.

-kaḥ 1 Heaven; आनाकरथवर्त्मनाम् (ānākarathavartmanām) R.1.5;15.96.

2) Vault of heaven, upper sky, firmament.

3) The sun.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāka (नाक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Heaven, paradise, æther. sky, atmosphere. E. na not with aka derived from ka happiness, and the privative a prefixed misery; in which there is no unhappiness. na kam akam duḥkham tat nāsti yatra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 114 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nakanatha
Nākanātha (नाकनाथ).—m. (-thaḥ) A name of Indra. E. nāka paradise, and nātha lord; also with kan...
Nakavanita
Nākavanitā (नाकवनिता).—f. (-tā) A nymph of heaven. E. nāka, and vanitā a wife.
Nakaprishtha
Nākapṛṣṭha (नाकपृष्ठ).—1) the uppermost heaven. 2) the vault of heaven. Derivable forms: nākapṛ...
Trinaka
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Nakanayaka
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Nakavihara
Nakavihara is the name of a vihara mentioned in the inscriptions at Karambankulama: a locality ...
Nakaloka
Nākaloka (नाकलोक).—the heavenly world. Derivable forms: nākalokaḥ (नाकलोकः).Nākaloka is a Sansk...
Nakkas
Nākkas (नाक्कस्).—m. a god. Nākkas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nāka and okas...
Nakapaga
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Nakanadi
Nākanadī (नाकनदी).—the heavenly Ganges. Nākanadī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms...
Nakesha
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Nakasad
Nākasad (नाकसद्).—m. 1) a god; सन्तर्पणो नाकसदां वरेण्यः (santarpaṇo nākasadāṃ vareṇyaḥ) Bk.1.4...
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Nakeshvara
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