Cauri, Caurī: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Cauri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chauri.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Caurī (चौरी) refers one of the eight Gaurīs, commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Her Colour is yellow; her Symbol is the noose; she has two arms.—The second goddess in the Gaurī group is Caurī.

Caurī is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (pañcaḍāka-maṇḍala) as follows:—

Caurī is yellow in colour and holds in her right hand the noose”.

[She shows the raised index finger in the left like all other deities of this group.

All the deities are violent in character with fearful appearance and ornaments, and garlands of heads. They dance in pratyālīḍha and show the raised index finger with clasped fist against the chest, as the common gesture.]

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Caurī (चौरी) is also mentioned as the Ḍākinī of the northern gate in the Jñānacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jñānacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The four gate Ḍākinīs [viz., Caurī] each has the same physical feature as the four Ḍākinīs starting with Lāmā.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cauri.—(ASLV), spelt chowrie in English; a flywhisk; some- times the right of its use was granted to persons as a mark of honour. See cāmara, cavarālu. Note: cauri is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

caurī (चौरी).—f A chowrie; see cavarī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caurī (चौरी):—[from caura] a f. a female thief. (heart-) captivator, [Kathāsaritsāgara vc, 54; civ, 168]

2) [v.s. ...] = ra-karman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [from caura] b ind. (See ra) in [compound]

4) [v.s. ...] f. (See ra) in [compound]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Caurī (चौरी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Corī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cauri in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cauri (ಚೌರಿ):—

1) [noun] the long hair of yak (Bos gruniens).

2) [noun] a fan made of this.

3) [noun] a bunch of long hair tightly tied at one end and let loose at the other, interwoven with the hair of women while braiding.

4) [noun] a kind of ornament for the head used by women.

5) [noun] an erstwhile coin used during the reign of the provincial rulers of Citradurga, in Karnāṭaka.

6) [noun] an ornamental tuft used to decorate pandals, podia, platforms, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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