Caturdevi, Caturdevī, Catur-devi: 2 definitions
Caturdevi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturdevi.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Caturdevī (चतुर्देवी) refers to the “four Goddesses”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] One should (also) worship with effort the goddess in the middle of the sacred seats accompanied by the four goddesses and Siddhas [i.e., caturdevī-samāyuktā]. Worship the goddesses Caṇḍeśī, Mahācaṇḍā, Cāṇḍālī, and Caṇḍikā to the sides (of the goddess) ranging from the east to the north. (Commentary):—Who are those (four)? (They are) Ādhārīśa and the rest along with the four, the goddess Raktā and the rest. They are present here with a different name, that is, as Caṇḍeśī, Mahācaṇḍā, Caṇḍālī, and Caṇḍikā. These are the goddesses. Four directions pertain to these goddesses, namely, the east, south, west, and north. The reference to the directions (implies) a reference to the four sacred seats”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Caturdevī (चतुर्देवी) refers to the “four Goddesses” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 4):
- Rocanī (Yellow goddess),
- Māmakī (Devoted goddess),
- Pāṇḍurā (White goddess),
- Tārā (Shining goddess).
The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., caturdevī). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Rocani, Pandura, Tara, Mamaki, Four Goddesses, White goddess, Shining goddess, Yellow goddess, Devoted goddess, Mahacanda, Candeshi, Candali.
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