Canura, Cāṇūra, Cānura: 8 definitions

Introduction

Canura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chanura.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Cāṇūra (चाणूर).—A Kṣatriya king, who served Dharmaputra at the council hall built by Maya. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 26).

2) Cāṇūra (चाणूर).—An asura, one of the attendants of Kaṃsa. Kaṃsa had employed as his body-guards many pugilists—Pralaṃbaka, Cāṇūra, Tṛṇāvarta, Muṣṭika, Ariṣṭaka, Keśi, Dhenuka, Agha and Vivida and these pugilists were sent with Pūtanā to Gokula to kill Śrī Kṛṣṇa. On the death of Pūtanā they returned to Mathurā. When Kaṃsa invited Kṛṣṇa to Mathurā Cāṇūra and Muṣṭika were the chief pugilists entrusted with the duty of killing Kṛṣṇa. Kṛṣṇa fought with Cāṇūra and Balabhadra with Muṣṭika. Both Cāṇūra and Muṣṭika were killed. (Bhāgavata Daśama Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cāṇūra (चाणूर).—An Asura friend of Kaṃsā, and a wrestler. Ready for a match with Kṛṣṇa and Rāma, he took his seat in the arena and invited the brothers for a match. Kṛṣṇa's challenge, and the concern of the citizens at the unequal match between a child and a trained athlete. After a prolonged fight, Cāṇūra fainted and fell dead like Indradhvaja.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 1; 36. 21-24; 37. 15; 42. 37; Chaps. 43 and 44; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 15. 7 and 16; 20. 18, 58-76.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Cāṇūra (चाणूर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.128.46) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Cāṇūra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A wrestler employed by Kamsa to fight the Andhakavenhuda saputta. But Baladeva put a strap round him and, lifting him up, dashed his brains out on the ground. J.iv.81f.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cāṇūra (चाणूर).—A celebrated wrestler in the service of Kaṃsa. When Kṛṣṇa was taken by Akrūra to Mathurā, Kaṃsa sent this redoubtable wrestler to fight with him; but in the duel which ensued, Kṛṣṇa whirled him round and round several times and smashed his head.

Derivable forms: cāṇūraḥ (चाणूरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāṇūra (चाणूर).—m.

(-raḥ) A wrestler in the service of Kansa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cāṇūra (चाणूर):—m. Name of a prince, [Mahābhārata ii, 121; v, 4410; Harivaṃśa 6726]

2) of a wrestler in Kaṃsa’s service (slain by Kṛṣṇa; identified with the Daitya Varāha), [Harivaṃśa] (cānūra, 2361 and 10407), [Vopadeva xxiii, 24.]

3) Cānūra (चानूर):—for cāṇūra q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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