Canura, aka: Cāṇūra, Cānura; 5 Definition(s)


Canura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chanura.

In Hinduism


[Canura in Purana glossaries]

Cāṇūra (चाणूर).—An Asura friend of Kaṃsā, and a wrestler. Ready for a match with Kṛṣṇa and Rāma, he took his seat in the arena and invited the brothers for a match. Kṛṣṇa's challenge, and the concern of the citizens at the unequal match between a child and a trained athlete. After a prolonged fight, Cāṇūra fainted and fell dead like Indradhvaja.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 1; 36. 21-24; 37. 15; 42. 37; Chaps. 43 and 44; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 15. 7 and 16; 20. 18, 58-76.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Canura in Itihasa glossaries]

Cāṇūra (चाणूर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.128.46) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Cāṇūra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Canura in Theravada glossaries]

A wrestler employed by Kamsa to fight the Andhakavenhuda saputta. But Baladeva put a strap round him and, lifting him up, dashed his brains out on the ground. J.iv.81f.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Canura in Sanskrit glossaries]

Cāṇūra (चाणूर).—A celebrated wrestler in the service of Kaṃsa. When Kṛṣṇa was taken by Akrūra to Mathurā, Kaṃsa sent this redoubtable wrestler to fight with him; but in the duel which ensued, Kṛṣṇa whirled him round and round several times and smashed his head.

Derivable forms: cāṇūraḥ (चाणूरः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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