Turya, aka: Tūrya; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Turya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Tūrya (तूर्य).—Generally a war-musical instrument; employed on auspicious occasions, and in temples;1 sounding of bugles in a wrestling match;2 finding Cāṇūra declining, Kaṃsa stopped the sounding of the drum when the Devas sounded divine music.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 11. 18; Matsya-purāṇa 149. 2; 163. 105; 192. 28.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 30.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 71-3.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Turya.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. Note: turya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

tūrya (तूर्य).—n S A musical instrument gen.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Turya (तुर्य).—a. Fourth; N.4.123.

-ryam 1 A quarter, a fourth part.

2) (In Vedānta phil.) The fourth state of the soul in which it becomes one with Brahman.

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Tūrya (तूर्य).—[tūryate tāḍyate tūr-yat] A kind of musical instrument; तूर्यघोषैः प्रहर्षितः (tūryaghoṣaiḥ praharṣitaḥ) Ms.7.225; Ku.7.1.

Derivable forms: tūryaḥ (तूर्यः), tūryam (तूर्यम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Turya (तुर्य) or Turyya.—mfn.

(-ryaḥ-ryā-ryaṃ) Fourth. E. irr. derived from catur four, with yat aff.

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Tūrya (तूर्य) or Tūryya.—mfn.

(-ryaḥ-ryā ryaṃ) Fourth: see turya. n.

(-ryaṃ) Any musical instrument, the genus of which four species are reckoned, as wind instruments, stringed instruments, &c. E. catur four, yat deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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