Turya, Tūrya: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Turya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Truy.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tūrya (तूर्य).—Generally a war-musical instrument; employed on auspicious occasions, and in temples;1 sounding of bugles in a wrestling match;2 finding Cāṇūra declining, Kaṃsa stopped the sounding of the drum when the Devas sounded divine music.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 11. 18; Matsya-purāṇa 149. 2; 163. 105; 192. 28.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 30.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 71-3.
Source: valmikiramayan.net: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Tūrya (तूर्य) refers to “clarionets”, according to the Rāmāyaṇa verse 5.3.8-13. Accordingly:—“[...] Seeing the city [viz., Laṅkā] everywhere Hanuma (Hanumān) became surprised at heart. Thereafter Hanuma the monkey, became happy seeing [...] auspicious houses resounding everywhere with the sounds of clarionets (tūrya) and ornaments (ābharaṇa), [...], equalling the city of Vasvaukasārā, as though flying towards the sky. Seeing that city of Rāvaṇa, which was best among cities, a wealthy city, a beautiful and auspicious city, that powerful Hanuma thought thus”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Turya.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. Note: turya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tūrya (तूर्य).—n S A musical instrument gen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Turya (तुर्य).—a. Fourth; N.4.123.

-ryam 1 A quarter, a fourth part.

2) (In Vedānta phil.) The fourth state of the soul in which it becomes one with Brahman.

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Tūrya (तूर्य).—[tūryate tāḍyate tūr-yat] A kind of musical instrument; तूर्यघोषैः प्रहर्षितः (tūryaghoṣaiḥ praharṣitaḥ) Ms.7.225; Ku.7.1.

Derivable forms: tūryaḥ (तूर्यः), tūryam (तूर्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Turya (तुर्य) or Turyya.—mfn.

(-ryaḥ-ryā-ryaṃ) Fourth. E. irr. derived from catur four, with yat aff.

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Tūrya (तूर्य) or Tūryya.—mfn.

(-ryaḥ-ryā ryaṃ) Fourth: see turya. n.

(-ryaṃ) Any musical instrument, the genus of which four species are reckoned, as wind instruments, stringed instruments, &c. E. catur four, yat deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Turya (तुर्य).—i. e. catur + ya (see turīya), 1. ord. number, Fourth, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 3, 9. 2. n. A quarter, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 9, 8.

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Tūrya (तूर्य).—I. = turya, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 2, 91. Ii. m. and n. Any musical instrument, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 225.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Turya (तुर्य).—[adjective] = turīya.

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Turyā (तुर्या).—[feminine] superior strength.

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Tūrya (तूर्य).—1. [neuter] a musical instrument.

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Tūrya (तूर्य).—2. [adjective] the fourth.

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Tūrya (तूर्य).—3. v. vṛtratūrya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Turyā (तुर्या):—[from turāyaṇa > tur] f. superior power, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii, 2, 12.]

2) Turya (तुर्य):—[from turīya] a mfn. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 51], [vArttika] 1) 4th, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā; Śrutabodha]

3) [v.s. ...] forming a 4th part, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] n. the 4th state of soul (See rīya), [vii, 9, 32; Haṭha-pra-dīpikā iv, 45; Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad ii, 4, 15 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. being in that state of soul, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi f.]

6) b See [column]1.

7) Tūrya (तूर्य):—[from tūrti > tūr] a See ap-, mitraetc.

8) [from tūra] 2. tūrya n. (m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a musical instrument, [Pāṇini; Manu-smṛti vii; Mahābhārata] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Harivaṃśa])

9) [v.s. ...] cf. sa-.

10) 3. tūrya mfn. = tur, 4th, [Rājataraṅgiṇī ii, 91]

11) m. Name of a family, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Turya (तुर्य):—[(ryyaḥ-ryyā-ryyaṃ) a.] Fourth.

2) Tūrya (तूर्य):—(ryyaṃ) 1. n. Any musical instrument. a. The fourth.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Turya (तुर्य):—

1) adj. parox. = 1. turīya 1. der vierte [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 51], Vārtt. [1.] [Śrutabodha 9.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 3, 9. 4, 24, 2.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 17, 13.] muhūrta [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 912.] —

2) n. = 1. turīya [2] : turye sthitaḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 9, 32.] adj. in diesem Zustande befindlich [15, 54.] eka eveśvarasturyo bhagavāṃsvāśrayaḥ paraḥ [6, 5, 12.] [BURN.] : qui (embrasse tous les êtres sous) sa quatrieme forme [6, 5, 12.] —

3) adj. subst. = 2. turīya [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 9, 8.] turyaṃ bhikṣāyāḥ, turyabhikṣā, bhikṣāturyam [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 3.]

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Turyā (तुर्या):—(von tur = 1. tar) f. überlegene Kraft: tatredindro dadhate pṛ.su tu.yām [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 2, 12, 4.]

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Tūrya (तूर्य):—1. adj. = turya der vierte [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 43.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 91.] tūryāṃśa [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 16, 92.] Wohl eine falsche Form.

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Tūrya (तूर्य):—2. n. am Ende von compp. abstr. zu 2. tur; s. aptūrya, mitra, vṛtra, śatru .

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Tūrya (तूर्य):—3. m. n. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 5, 10.] n. ein musikalisches Instrument [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 119.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 286] (nach dem Schol. auch m.). tūryaghoṣaiḥ praharṣitaḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 225.] [Mahābhārata 1, 4468.] [Arjunasamāgama 4, 60.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 73, 36. 2, 81, 3.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 2.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 45, 62. 47, 49. 85, 39.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 20, 226.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 1, 53. 8, 8, 26.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Kaṭhopaniṣad 1, 25.] [Harivaṃśa 8376.] satūrya (so ist zu verbinden) von Musik begleitet [8581]; vgl. [8665.] satūryam adv. unter Musik [Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 10.] — Vgl. maṅgala, mṛtyu, yāma, taurya .

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Turya (तुर्य):—

2) [Oxforder Handschriften 236,a,2.] saṃdhi [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 349.] Der [Scholiast] zu [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 5, 12] umschreibt turya durch sarvasākṣin . —

3) yantra ein Quadrant [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 23] (tūrya) vgl. oben 2. turīya .

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Tūrya (तूर्य):—Nomen proprium einer Familie [HALL 203.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Turya (तुर्य):——

1) Adj. — a) der vierte. — b) ein Viertel ausmachend. bhikṣā f. ein Viertel des Almosens. yantra n. Quadrant. — c) sarvasākṣin (Comm.) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6,5,12.] —

2) n. — a) Viertel. — b) = ^1. turīya 2).

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Turyā (तुर्या):—f. überlegene Kraft.

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Tūrya (तूर्य):—1. n. Nom.abstr. zu 2. tur.

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Tūrya (तूर्य):—2. (*m.) n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) ein musikalisches Instrument.

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Tūrya (तूर्य):—3. Adj. der vierte.

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Tūrya (तूर्य):—4. m. Nomen proprium einer Familie.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tūrya (तूर्य) [Also spelled truy]:—(nm) a trumpet; ~[nāda] sounding of trumpet(s).

context information

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