Lokantika, Lokāntika: 3 definitions

Introduction

Lokantika means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (L) next»] — Lokantika in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation

Lokāntika (लोकान्तिक).—The Lokāntika-gods who live around Brahmaloka are outside the hierarchy. According to Digambaras, they are divided into 24 classes: Sārasvata, Āditya, Vahni, Aruṇa, Gardatoya, Tuṣita, Avyābādha and Ariṣṭa, as also 16 others. They are without any desire and are, therefore, called “devarṣis” (god-saints); they serve tīrthaṅkaras when these appear on the earth, and are finally born as human beings and get salvation.

Source: Google Books: That which is

Lokāntika (लोकान्तिक).—The terminal (lokāntika) gods, who are close to liberation and live near the side border, fairly clsoe to the top of the heavenly region. The Svopajña-bhāṣya explains that there are eight varieties of terminal gods who live, respectively, in the eight directions surrounding the Brahmaloka, the fifth heaven. However, the Svopajña-bhāṣya-ṭīkā says that the gods live near the black gaps which are in certain parts of the Brahmaloka.

The directions in which the gods live are as follows:

  1. Sārasvata (eloquent); north-east,
  2. Āditya (bright orb); east,
  3. Vahni (fire); south-east,
  4. Aruṇa (dawm); south,
  5. Gardatoya (splashing stream); south-west,
  6. Tuṣita (gratified); west,
  7. Avyābādha (unimpeded); north-west,
  8. Marut (wind); north,
  9. Ariṣṭa (unhurt); centre

The ninth variety refers to the gods living in the space vehicle calle Ariṣṭa which is in the centre. Although the Sarvārthasiddhi does not name the Maruts as a distinct variety in the sutra, it says that they live between the Avyābādhas and Ariṣṭas. The Sarvārthasiddhi places the Ariṣṭas in the north.

The terminal gods are known as divine saints because they are without sexual drives. They attain lbieration after, at most, another seven or eight births and sometimes only two or three.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Lokāntika (लोकान्तिक).—Another class of ancient Jaina collective deities is the Lokāntika gods who like the Indra and the Dik-kumārīs are assigned as special role in the life of a Jina. When the proper time for renunciation is ripe, they approach the would-be Tīrthaṅkara and inform him accordingly, and request him to renounce the worldly life for the benefit of the world.

The Lokāntikas are known to the canons and are said to reside in the kṛṣṇarājis of the fifth kalpa-heaven called the Brahmaloka. They are:

  1. Sārasvata,
  2. Āditya,
  3. Vahni,
  4. Varuṇa,
  5. Gardatoya,
  6. Tuṣita,
  7. Avyābādha,
  8. Āgneyā (Marut),
  9. Riṣṭa.
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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