Bhautikasarga, Bhautika-sarga: 1 definition

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhautikasarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bhautikasarga in Samkhya glossary
Source: Google Books: Kalātattvakośa (sāṃkhya)

Bhautikasarga (भौतिकसर्ग).—Dealing with the bhautika-sarga (elemental creation) the Sāṃkhyakārikā says: “the divine class has eight varieties; the animal, five. Mankind is single in its class. This is in summary, the world of living things.” The entire elemental creation (bhautika-sarga) is regarded as of three types, namely, 1. Divine (daiva), 2. Animal (tairyak), and 3. Human (mānuṣa).

The Divine creation (daiva-sarga or ūrdhva-sarga) is of eight kinds:

  1. Brāhma - dwellers in the Brahmaloka,
  2. Prājāpatya - dwellers in the Prajāpatiloka,
  3. Aindra - dwellers in the Svargaloka,
  4. Paitra - dwellers in the Pitṛloka,
  5. Gāndharva - dwellers in the Gandharvaloka,
  6. Yakṣa - dwellers in the Yakṣaloka,
  7. Rākṣasa - dwellers in the Rākṣasaloka,
  8. Paiśāca - dwellers in the Piśācaloka.

The animal world (tairyak-sarga) is of five varieties:

  1. Paśu - domestic animals, cow, donkey, etc.,
  2. Mṛga - wild animals, lion, tiger, deer, etc.,
  3. Pakṣī - winged animals, birds, swan, vulture, etc.; insects, mosquitoes, etc.,
  4. Sarīsṛpa - creeping animals, snakes, worms, etc.,
  5. Sthāvara - immovable creatures, trees, plants, etc.,

The human creation (mānuṣa-sarga or mānuṣya-sarga) consists of only one type, i.e. all human beings. Sometimes the physical creation is regarded as comprising four types:

  1. Jarāyuja - born from the womb, viviparous beings,
  2. Aṇḍaja - born from an egg, oviparous beings, birds, etc.,
  3. Ūṣmaja or Svedaja - generated by warm vapour or sweat, insects, etc.,
  4. Udbhijja - plant kingdom
context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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