Sambodhyanga, Sambodhyaṅga, Sambodhi-anga: 4 definitions



Sambodhyanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sambodhyanga in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Saṃbodhyaṅga (संबोध्यङ्ग, “powers”) refers to “factors of enlightenment” and represents one of the seven classes of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “by the practice of the path of meditation (bhāvanāmārga-vyāpāra), there is ‘factors of enlightenment’ (saṃbodhyaṅga)”.

Also, “having obtained the powers (bala), the Yogin distinguishes the dharmas [of the path of meditation (bhāvanamārga)]”:

  1. the [first] factor-of-enlightenment called mindfulness (smṛti-saṃbodhyaṅga);
  2. the [second] factor-of-enlightenment called discernment of dharmas (dharmapravicaya-saṃbodhyaṅga);
  3. the [third] factor-of-enlightenment called exertion (vīrya-saṃbodhyaṅga);
  4. the fourth factor-of-enlightenment called joy (prīti-saṃbodhyaṅga);
  5. the [fifth] factor-of-enlightenment called relaxation (praśrabdhi-saṃbodhyaṅga);
  6. the [sixth] factor of enlightenment called concentration (samādhi-saṃbodhyaṅga);
  7. the [seventh] factor-of-enlightenment called equanimity (upekṣaḥa-saṃbodhyaṅga).
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of sambodhyanga in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sambodhyanga in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Sambodhyaṅga (सम्बोध्यङ्ग) or Bodhyaṅga or Saptabodhyaṅga refers to the “seven factors of awakening” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 49), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., sambodhi-aṅga). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sambodhyanga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃbodhyaṅga (संबोध्यङ्ग).—nt., = bodhyaṅga, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sambodhyaṅga (सम्बोध्यङ्ग):—[=sam-bodhy-aṅga] [from sam-bodhi > sam-bodha > sam-budh] n., an ‘integral part of perfect knowledge or enlightenment’ [Lalita-vistara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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