Samkalpa, Saṅkalpa, Saṅkalpā, Saṃkalpa, Sankalpa: 31 definitions


Samkalpa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sankalp.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samkalpa in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प) is the name of a ritual to be performed after daily rituals, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] to complete the formalities of worship, the vessel shall be placed on the right shoulder. He shall think upon the preceptor and ritualistically take his permission for the worship. He shall perform the rite of Saṃkalpa (including the requisite mantras and statements about the pūjā, the day, month, year etc. and the purpose of the Pūjā) and aver his desire. He shall perform the worship of Śiva with His attendants devoutly.”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प).—One of the sons born to Dharmadeva by his wife Saṅkalpā. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 6).

2) Saṅkalpā (सङ्कल्पा).—A daughter of Dakṣa. Dharmadeva married the following ten daughters of Dakṣa, i.e. Arundhatī, Vasu, Yamī, Lambā, Bhānū, Marutvatī, Saṅkalpā, Muhūrtā, Sādhyā and Viśvā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प).—A son of Samkalpā and Dharma; father of Kāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 10: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 33; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 19: 203. 10: Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 34. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 108.

1b) Created by Brahmā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 5. 73.

1c) One of the two vṛttis of mahat.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 46.

2) Saṅkalpā (सङ्कल्पा).—A daughter of Dakṣa, and one of Dharma's ten wives; mother of Samkalpa or pious determination.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 4 and 10: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 3 and 33. Matsya-purāṇa 5. 16, 19: 203. 10: Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 3: Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 105, 108.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Saṃkalpā (संकल्पा) refers to one of the ten of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Dharma in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave ten daughters to Dharma in marriage] [...] The ten wives of Dharma are Sādhyā, Viśvā, Saṃkalpā, Muhūrtā, Arundhatī, Marutvatī, Vasu, Bhūnu, Lambā and Jāmī. Saṃkalpa was born from Saṃkalpā.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प) refers to “the mind’s function of acceptance and determination”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प) refers to “taking vows” (before performing an auspicious activity), according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—A saṅkalpa can be chanted before any auspicious vrata, or religious undertaking.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प) refers to:—Great resolve or determination; a vow. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प, “intention”) refers to one of the sixteen phases leading to the perception of any object (meya), according to Abhinavagupta’s Mālinīvijayavārtika:—[...] The sixteen phases [i.e., intention (saṃkalpa) ...] leading to the perception of any object, if correctly and fully experienced, culminate in the liberated condition of the sixteenth phase, which is equated with the sixteenth energy of the Moon. [...] To the degree in which objectivity (meyamaya) is made manifest in this way, sixteen-fold, that is said to be the Moon of consciousness (vijñāna) considered to be the basic state (sthiti) of the sixteen energies.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प) refers to “one’s dream [=desire?]”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I worship the three-eyed sharp-natured Kṣetreśa. His body is black, he has destroyed his adversaries, he carries a skull-bowl and a spear, [but] he is compassionate. I resort to Śaṅkhanidhi and Padmanidhi, who who sit upon a conch and lotus [respectively] as their seats. They are patient, bear the gestures of generosity and protection in their hands, and bring about everyone’s dreams (viśva-saṃkalpa-kalpaka). [...]

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samkalpa in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प) refers to “intentional thought” (of the mind), according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind state: “Instil [that] no-mind state in me, because of which the eyes become free of opening and closing; the breath, devoid of exhalation and inhalation and the mind, free of intentional (saṅkalpa) and discursive thought”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Oxford Academic: Homo Ritualis: Hindu Ritual and Its Significance to Ritual Theory

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प) refers to the “ritual intention (for the fire oblations) and represents one of the various marriage rites of the Hindu Newars, mentioned in the Daśakarmavidhi: a marriage handbook from Bhaktapur containing both Hindu and Newar marriage ceremonies.—Despite many congruencies between Hindu Parbatiyā and Hindu Newar marriage handbooks, it becomes evident that Newar marriage handbooks mention specific ritual elements that cannot be found in the Brahmanical-Sanskritic texts.—The Saṃkalpa rite is usually performed at the House of the Groom and is mentioned under the sub-heading of “other marriage rites”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Advaita Vedānta: Bhagavad Gītā 6:24

Saṅkalpa, volition, the superimposition of the idea of worthiness on objects even though they be bad on account of closing the eyes to their unworthiness. From that volition arise desires, which is then eschwed by analysis of volition through discrimination. Everything, objects extending upto the world of Brahmā, are to be eschwed like porridge vomited by dog. By a discriminating mind, the sense organs are restricted, since desires wich precede them are restricted, since saṅkalpas are restricted.

Source: The Spiritual Scientist: What does vikalpa mean in the mind’s sanklpa-vikalpa?

Saṅkalpa basically means resolution. The word saṅkalpa can have positive or negative connotations.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प, “thought”) refers to one of ten constituents (dravya) of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “these thirty-seven auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika) have ten things (dravya) as roots (mūla). Thought (saṃkalpa) constitutes: right thinking (samyaksaṃkalpa)”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प) refers to “conceptions (of the dharma)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (6) Since the concept of mine (mamakāra) does not exist in the dharma of the Sugata, you neither depend (āśrita) nor hold (agrāha) on the dharma. But having known the discipline (vinaya) for all kinds of beings through conceptions (saṃkalpa) of the dharma, you always teach the supreme (annutara) dharma. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प) refers to “desire”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This very same [one], whose mind is delighted with the prosperity of heaven, alone enjoys the divine nectar of pleasure in heaven continuously produced by desire (saṃkalpa-anantara-utpanna). For this embodied soul there is not another companion in union and in separation, in birth or in death and at the time of pleasure and pain”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Saṅkalpa.—(Chamba), also called saṅkalpa-hasta-udaka; liba- tion of water; donation. Note: saṅkalpa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प).—m (S) A volition or desire. 2 A resolve, resolution, determination, purpose. 3 Solemn and formal enunciation of purpose as preparatory to entrance upon any important religious rite or work (e. g. ablution at a tīrtha, śrāddha, gōpradāna, pṛthvī- dāna, dīpadāna, or other dānadharma). This utterance is made by the subject himself or by a Brahman for him.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प).—m A volition or desire; a resolu- tion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प).—

1) Will, volition, mental resolve; कामः संकल्पो विचिकित्सा (kāmaḥ saṃkalpo vicikitsā) ... Bṛ. Up.1.5.3; कः कामः संकल्पः (kaḥ kāmaḥ saṃkalpaḥ) Dk.

2) Purpose, aim, intention, determination.

3) Wish, desire; संकल्पमात्रोदितसिद्धयस्ते (saṃkalpamātroditasiddhayaste) R.14.17.

4) Thought, idea, reflection, fancy, imagination; तत्संकल्पोपहितजडिम स्तम्भमभ्येति गात्रम् (tatsaṃkalpopahitajaḍima stambhamabhyeti gātram) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.35; वृथैव संकल्पशतैरजस्रमनङ्ग नीतोऽसि मया विवृद्धिम् (vṛthaiva saṃkalpaśatairajasramanaṅga nīto'si mayā vivṛddhim) Ś.3.5. (v. l.); प्रियासंनिहितैवेयं संकल्पस्थापिता पुरः (priyāsaṃnihitaiveyaṃ saṃkalpasthāpitā puraḥ) Nāg.2.9.

5) The mind, heart; शान्तसंकल्पः सुमना यथा स्यात् (śāntasaṃkalpaḥ sumanā yathā syāt) Kaṭh. 1.1; संकल्पनिर्वृतिषु संस्तुत एष दासः (saṃkalpanirvṛtiṣu saṃstuta eṣa dāsaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 7.2.

6) A solemn vow to perform an observance.

7) Expectation of advantage from a holy voluntary act.

8) Consideration, reflection.

9) A declaration made by a widow at the time of burning herself with her husband.

Derivable forms: saṃkalpaḥ (संकल्पः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प).—m., = vikalpa, false discrimination: nimittaṃ nāma saṃkalpaḥ (229.8 nāma-nimitta-saṃ- kalpāḥ) svabhāvadvayalakṣaṇam, samyagjñānaṃ hi tathatā (229.9 °naṃ tathātvaṃ ca) pariniṣpannalakṣaṇam Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 68.3—4 = 229.8—9 (verses); saṃkalpa-kalpa-janitena ayoni- sena (bhavate avidya…) Lalitavistara 419.17(—18), verse; there is no noun for the two instr. adj. to agree with, unless we separate saṃkalpa (as instr., § 8.8), by false discrimination produced by vain fancy, and superficial, (ignorance comes to be); or understand manasikāreṇa as suggested by ayonisena? Tibetan kun rtog (= saṃkalpa) rtog pas (by kalpa) bskyed paḥi tshul bzhin ma yin pas, which perhaps supports the second alternative, as it seems to make -janitena modify ayonisena. (In Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 97.13, verse, read anyonyasaṃkalpa- sagauravāś, as one word, having respect for each other's purposes.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प).—m.

(-lpaḥ) 1. Volition, will, resolve, mental determination. 2. A solemn vow or declaration of purpose. 3. Expectation of desired consequences from any voluntary act. E. sam before kṛp to be able, aff. ghañ, and the ra changed to la .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प).—i. e. sam-kḷp + a, m. 1. Will, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 207, 1; [Hitopadeśa] 54, 8, M.M. 2. Wish, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 100; desire, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 125, 4. 3. Mind, [Nala] 24, 50. 4. A solemn vow, Chr. 48, 5. 5. Expectation of advantage from a holy work, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प).—[masculine] decision of the mind, persuasion; intention, purpose; wish, desire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—from Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi. Bp. 301.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃkalpa (संकल्प):—[=saṃ-kalpa] a etc. See saṃ-√kḷp.

2) [=saṃ-kalpa] [from saṃ-kḷp] b m. (ifc. f(ā). ) conception or idea or notion formed in the mind or heart, ([especially]) will, volition, desire, purpose, definite intention or determination or decision or wish for (with [locative case] [dative case], or ifc.), sentiment, conviction, persuasion

3) [v.s. ...] ([in the beginning of a compound] often = ‘intentionally’, ‘purposely’, ‘on purpose’, ‘according to will’, etc.; [accusative] with √kṛ, ‘to form a resolution, make up one’s mind’), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] idea or expectation of any advantage, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] a solemn vow or determination to perform any ritual observance, declaration of purpose (e.g. a declaration by a widow of her intention to burn herself with her deceased husband), [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] the Will personified (as a son of Saṃ-kalpā and Brahmā), [Harivaṃśa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

7) Saṃkalpā (संकल्पा):—[=saṃ-kalpā] [from saṃ-kalpa > saṃ-kḷp] f. Name of a daughter of Dakṣa (the wife of Dharma and mother of Saṃkalpa), [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of Manu’s wife, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प):—(lpaḥ) 1. m. Volition; will; solemn vow; determination; design, object of hope.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃkappa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samkalpa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samkalpa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प) [Also spelled sankalp]:—(nm) determination, resolve; resolution, will; animus; —[śakti] will power; —[karanā] to resolve; to gift away; —[pārita karanā] to pass a resolution.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃkalpa (ಸಂಕಲ್ಪ):—

1) [noun] a resolving or determining; a deciding; resolution.

2) [noun] emotion or sensitivity; a feeling.

3) [noun] the act of using the will; exercise of the will as in deciding what to do; volition.

4) [noun] sadness and depression of spirits; melancholy.

5) [noun] the formal or religious process of resolving or taking a decision (as to do something).

6) [noun] a hymn or series of hymns relating to this process.

7) [noun] ಸಂಕಲ್ಪಮಾಡು [samkalpamadu] sankalpa māḍu to decide; to take a decision; to resolve; to determine; 2. to religiously initiate oneself to do something; ಸಂಕಲ್ಪ ಮಾತ್ರ [samkalpa matra] sankalpa mātra a decision, determination not accompanied by execution or achievement.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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