Samkalpa, Saṃkalpa: 8 definitions


Samkalpa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samkalpa in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प) is the name of a ritual to be performed after daily rituals, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] to complete the formalities of worship, the vessel shall be placed on the right shoulder. He shall think upon the preceptor and ritualistically take his permission for the worship. He shall perform the rite of Saṃkalpa (including the requisite mantras and statements about the pūjā, the day, month, year etc. and the purpose of the Pūjā) and aver his desire. He shall perform the worship of Śiva with His attendants devoutly.”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प, “thought”) refers to one of ten constituents (dravya) of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “these thirty-seven auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika) have ten things (dravya) as roots (mūla). Thought (saṃkalpa) constitutes: right thinking (samyaksaṃkalpa)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प).—

1) Will, volition, mental resolve; कामः संकल्पो विचिकित्सा (kāmaḥ saṃkalpo vicikitsā) ... Bṛ. Up.1.5.3; कः कामः संकल्पः (kaḥ kāmaḥ saṃkalpaḥ) Dk.

2) Purpose, aim, intention, determination.

3) Wish, desire; संकल्पमात्रोदितसिद्धयस्ते (saṃkalpamātroditasiddhayaste) R.14.17.

4) Thought, idea, reflection, fancy, imagination; तत्संकल्पोपहितजडिम स्तम्भमभ्येति गात्रम् (tatsaṃkalpopahitajaḍima stambhamabhyeti gātram) Māl.1.35; वृथैव संकल्पशतैरजस्रमनङ्ग नीतोऽसि मया विवृद्धिम् (vṛthaiva saṃkalpaśatairajasramanaṅga nīto'si mayā vivṛddhim) Ś.3.5. (v. l.); प्रियासंनिहितैवेयं संकल्पस्थापिता पुरः (priyāsaṃnihitaiveyaṃ saṃkalpasthāpitā puraḥ) Nāg.2.9.

5) The mind, heart; शान्तसंकल्पः सुमना यथा स्यात् (śāntasaṃkalpaḥ sumanā yathā syāt) Kaṭh. 1.1; संकल्पनिर्वृतिषु संस्तुत एष दासः (saṃkalpanirvṛtiṣu saṃstuta eṣa dāsaḥ) Māl.7.2.

6) A solemn vow to perform an observance.

7) Expectation of advantage from a holy voluntary act.

8) Consideration, reflection.

9) A declaration made by a widow at the time of burning herself with her husband.

Derivable forms: saṃkalpaḥ (संकल्पः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प).—m., = vikalpa, false discrimination: nimittaṃ nāma saṃkalpaḥ (229.8 nāma-nimitta-saṃ- kalpāḥ) svabhāvadvayalakṣaṇam, samyagjñānaṃ hi tathatā (229.9 °naṃ tathātvaṃ ca) pariniṣpannalakṣaṇam Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 68.3—4 = 229.8—9 (verses); saṃkalpa-kalpa-janitena ayoni- sena (bhavate avidya…) Lalitavistara 419.17(—18), verse; there is no noun for the two instr. adj. to agree with, unless we separate saṃkalpa (as instr., § 8.8), by false discrimination produced by vain fancy, and superficial, (ignorance comes to be); or understand manasikāreṇa as suggested by ayonisena? Tibetan kun rtog (= saṃkalpa) rtog pas (by kalpa) bskyed paḥi tshul bzhin ma yin pas, which perhaps supports the second alternative, as it seems to make -janitena modify ayonisena. (In Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 97.13, verse, read anyonyasaṃkalpa- sagauravāś, as one word, having respect for each other's purposes.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प).—i. e. sam-kḷp + a, m. 1. Will, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 207, 1; [Hitopadeśa] 54, 8, M.M. 2. Wish, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 100; desire, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 125, 4. 3. Mind, [Nala] 24, 50. 4. A solemn vow, Chr. 48, 5. 5. Expectation of advantage from a holy work, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Saṃkalpa (संकल्प) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—from Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi. Bp. 301.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃkalpa (संकल्प):—[=saṃ-kalpa] a etc. See saṃ-√kḷp.

2) [=saṃ-kalpa] [from saṃ-kḷp] b m. (ifc. f(ā). ) conception or idea or notion formed in the mind or heart, ([especially]) will, volition, desire, purpose, definite intention or determination or decision or wish for (with [locative case] [dative case], or ifc.), sentiment, conviction, persuasion

3) [v.s. ...] ([in the beginning of a compound] often = ‘intentionally’, ‘purposely’, ‘on purpose’, ‘according to will’, etc.; [accusative] with √kṛ, ‘to form a resolution, make up one’s mind’), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] idea or expectation of any advantage, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] a solemn vow or determination to perform any ritual observance, declaration of purpose (e.g. a declaration by a widow of her intention to burn herself with her deceased husband), [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] the Will personified (as a son of Saṃ-kalpā and Brahmā), [Harivaṃśa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

7) Saṃkalpā (संकल्पा):—[=saṃ-kalpā] [from saṃ-kalpa > saṃ-kḷp] f. Name of a daughter of Dakṣa (the wife of Dharma and mother of Saṃkalpa), [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of Manu’s wife, [Harivaṃśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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