Bhagandara: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhagandara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Bhagandara in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Bhagandara (भगन्दर) is a Sanskrit technical term, translating to “fistula-in-ano”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: PMC: Management of rare, low anal anterior fistula exception to Goodsall's rule with Kṣārasūtra

Anal fistula (bhagandara) is a chronic inflammatory condition, a tubular structure opening in the ano-rectal canal at one end and surface of perineum/peri-anal skin on the other end. Typically, fistula has two openings, one internal and other external associated with chronic on/off pus discharge on/off pain, pruritis and sometimes passing of stool from external opening.

Suśruta saṃhitā elaborately describes bhagandara (anal fistula). The condition is termed bhagandara as it does dāraṇā (tearing) of bhaga (perineum), guda (rectum) and basti pradeśa (pelvis). Bhagadara is enlisted among aṣṭamahāgada (eight intricate diseases) which by nature are difficult to cure considering the morbidity, reoccurrence and social burden. The causative factors are attributed to the doṣa viz., vāta, pitta, śleṣma, sannipāta and the external factors such as trauma, infection etc., (āgantuja).

Source: PMC: Wound healing potential of Pañcavalkala formulations in a postfistulectomy wound

Suśruta has described Bhagandara (भगन्दर, fistula-in-ano) as one of the aṣṭamahagadas (eight major diseases) due to its recurrent nature. It is clearly mentioned in Suśruta Saṃhitā that Bhagandara can be treated with chedana (i.e., fistulectomy: Excision of the fistulous tract) or kṣārasūtra in case of debilitated, weak, child or female patients.

Source: PMC: Management of Ano-Rectal disorders by Kṣārasūtra

Ācārya Suśruta has elaborately described about Bhagandara (fistula-in-ano), its pathogenesis two stages of disease formation as Bhagandara pīḍaka (peri-anal abscess) and Bhagandara (fistula-in-ano), along with remedial surgical procedures. Fistula-in-ano implies a chronic granulating track connecting two epithelial lined surfaces. This may be cutaneous or mucosal.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Bhagandara (भगन्दर) refers to “fistula-in-ano” (an abnormal tract or cavity with an external opening in the perianal area). Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Bhagandara (भगन्दर) refers to “fistula in ano”, and is dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need (viz., bhagandara) of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Bhagandara (भगन्दर) refers to “fissure in ano”, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., Bhagandara).

Kṣāra taila prepared from Kṣāra (caustic alkali) of Muṣkaka (Schrebera swietenioides Roxb.), Nalaśikhā and Śaṅkha is prescribed for healing of wounds, Bhagandara (fissure in ano), Nāḍivraṇa (fistula) and skin and throat diseases.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Bhagandara (भगन्दर) refers to “fistula-in-ano” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning bhagandara] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhagandara in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Bhagandara (भगन्दर) refers to “fistula” (an abnormal connection between two hollow spaces) and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the bodily (śārīra) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (e.g., bhagandara) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhagandara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhagandara (भगंदर).—m (S) A disease in which fistulas and ulcerous holes form in the anus and private parts. It is distinguished into eight varieties, viz. arśasa, unmārgī, uṣṭragrīva or uṣṭraśirōdhara, ṛju, pariśrāvī, parikṣēpī, śatapōnaka, śambūkāvartta.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhagandara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhagandara (भगन्दर).—m.

(-raḥ) Fistula in ano. E. bhaga the vulva, dṛ to divide, aff. khaś .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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