Dara, Dāra: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dara (दर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.48.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ḍara (डर).—Krt affix अर (ara) added to the root खन् (khan) in the sense of 'instrument' or 'location' e.g. आखरः (ākharaḥ), cf. P.III.3. 125 Vartika.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dāra (दार, ‘wife’) is found in the Sūtras (usually as a plural masculine), and once (as a singular) in the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Dara (“stream of water”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Malas (considered the Pariahs of the Telugu country) of the Pokunati section. The Mala people are almost equally inferior in position to the Madigas and have, in their various sub-divisions, many exogamous septs (e.g., Dara).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dara : (m.) sorrow; anxiety; distress.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dara, (Sk. dara; see etym. connection under darī) fear, terror; sorrow, pain Vin.II, 156=A.I, 138 (vineyya hadaye daraṃ); S.II, 101, 103; IV, 186 sq.; Th.2, 32 (=cittakato kilesa-patho ThA, 38); J.IV, 61; Vv 838 (=daratha VvA.327); Pv.I, 85 (=citta-daratha PvA.41).—sadara giving pain, fearful, painful M.I, 464; A.II, 11, 172; S.I, 101. Cp. ādara & purindada. (Page 315)

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Dāra, & Dārā (f.) (Sk. dāra (m.) & dārā (f.), more frequent dārā (m.pl.); Instr. sg. dārena J.IV, 7; Pv IV.177, etc.; instr, pl. dārehi Sn.108 (sehi d. asantuṭṭho not satisfied with his own wife), Loc. pl. dāresu Sn.38 (puttesu dāresu apekkhā), orig. “wives, womenfolk, ” female members of the household=Gr. dou_los (slave; Hesychius: dou=los=h( oi)ki/a; cp. also origin of Germ. frauenzimmer & E. womanhood). Remnants of pl. use are seen in above passage. fr. Sn.) a young woman, esp. married woman, wife. As dārā f. at Nd2 295 (d. vuccati bhariyā) & It.36; f. also dārī maiden, young girl Pv.I, 115. Otherwise as dāra (coll-masc.): Dh.345; J.I, 120; II, 248; IV, 7; V, 104, 288; VvA.299 (°paṭiggaha).—putta-dārā (pl.) wife & children Sn.108, 262; J.I, 262; cp. saputtadāra with w. & ch. Pv IV.347; putta ca dārā ca Sn.38, 123. frequent in definition of sīla No. 3 (kāmesu micchācārin or abrahmacariyā, adultery) as sakena dārena santuṭṭha A.III, 348; V, 138; Sn.108 (a°); Pv 177, etc.—paradāra the wife of another M.I, 404 sq.; Dh.246, 309; Sn.396 (parassa d.) PvA.261. (Page 319)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍara (डर).—m unc ( H) Fear. Pr. jyāsa kara nāhīṃ tyāsa ḍara kaśāsa.

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ḍarā (डरा).—m R A he-monkey.

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dara (दर).—m Rate, price, tariff. dara yēṇēṃ in. con. To rise in price. 2 An allowance or a degree; a number or a quantity fixed as a rate or standard. Ex. śambhara brāhmaṇāṃsa sahastrācē darānēṃ lakṣa rupayē dyā; maṇabhara tāndūḷa dāhā pāyalīcē darānēṃ vāṇṭūna dyā. 3 f C Brink, margin, border.

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dara (दर).—A particle (perhaps from P In.) expressive of Severalness or distribution, with the force of Per or by; as daramāṇūsa, daragāṃva, darajhāḍa.

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dara (दर).—m (S) A vertical or downright hole dug (as for planting a post or tree). Pr. darācī mātī darāsa purata nāhīṃ.

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darā (दरा).—m f (S) Any gorge, recess, abyss, or hollow among hills: a deep ravine, a glen or dell. 2 fig. The belly. Pr. jyā gāṃvīṃ bharē darā tōca gāṃva barā.

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dāra (दार).—n (dvāra S) A door or gate: also a door way or gateway; an entrance or a passage; a means of access, lit. fig. 2 An outlet or a vent. dārīṃ jāṇēṃ or basaṇēṃ & dārīṃ lāgalēṃ Phrases amongst women equivalent to parasākaḍē jāṇēṃ &c. among men.

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dāra (दार).—a ( P) That holds, bears, carries, has, possesses. Mostly in comp. with words from Hindustani; as cōbadāra, bhāladāra, caukīdāra, raṅgadāra, gōladāra, aṇīdāra, jōradāra. Of such the major part will occur in order. 2 (Scarcely used but in contrad. to nādāra) Solvent, having money or funds.

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dārā (दारा).—f S A wife, the wife of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ḍara (डर).—m Fear.

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dara (दर).—m Arate, price. An allowance or a degree, a number or a quantity fixed as a rate or standard. A particle ex- pressive of severalness or distribu- tion with the force of Per or by; as dara māṇūsa &c. dara yēṇēṃ Rise in price.

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darā (दरा).—m f -f any recess among hills, a deep ravine, a glen. Fig. The belly.

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dāra (दार).—n A door; a doorway. An entrance or a passage; a means of access, lit. fig. An outlet a That holds, carries, possesses, mostly in comp. with words from Hindustani, as cōbadāra, bhāladāra, jōradāra.

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dārā (दारा).—f A wife.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dara (दर).—a. [dṝ-ap] Tearing, rending, &c. (at the end of comp.)

2) Little, small; दरदलदरविन्दसुन्दरं ह्य हरिणदृशो नयनं न विस्मरामि (daradaladaravindasundaraṃ hya hariṇadṛśo nayanaṃ na vismarāmi) Bv.2.7.

-raḥ, -ram 1 A cave, cavity, hole.

2) A conch-shell; दध्मौ दरवरम् (dadhmau daravaram) Bhāg.1.11.1.

3) Poison.

-raḥ 1 Fear, terror, dread; सा दरं पृतना निन्ये हीयमाना रसादरम् (sā daraṃ pṛtanā ninye hīyamānā rasādaram) Śi.19.23; न जातहार्देन न विद्विषा दरः (na jātahārdena na vidviṣā daraḥ) Ki.1.33.

2) A stream.

3) The navel.

-rā A hole in the ground, cave.

-ram ind. little, slightly (in comp.); दरमीलन्नयना निरीक्षते (daramīlannayanā nirīkṣate) Bv.2.182,7; दरविगलित- मल्लीवल्लीचञ्चत्पराग (daravigalita- mallīvallīcañcatparāga) &c. Gīt.1; so दरदलित-विकसित (daradalita-vikasita) U.4; Māl.3.

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Dāra (दार).—

1) A rent, gap, cleft, hole.

2) A ploughed field.

-rāḥ [dārayanti (bhrātṝn) iti dārāḥ; cf P.III.3.2. Vārt.] -m. (pl.) A wife; एते वयममी दाराः कन्येयं कुलजीवितम् (ete vayamamī dārāḥ kanyeyaṃ kulajīvitam) Ku.6.63; दशरथदारानधिष्ठाय वसिष्ठः प्राप्तः (daśarathadārānadhiṣṭhāya vasiṣṭhaḥ prāptaḥ) U.4. Pt.1.1; Ms.1.112;2.217; Ś.4.17; 5.29.

Derivable forms: dāraḥ (दारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dara (दर).—mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) 1. Fear, terror. 2. A hole in the ground. n.

(-raṃ) A conchshell. ind. A little. f. (-rā-rī) 1. A natural or artificial excavation in a mountain, a cave, a cavern, a grotto, &c. 2. A valley. E. dṝ to divide, to dread, &c. affix bhāve ap .

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Dāra (दार).—m. plu.

(-rāḥ) A wife. E. dṝ to take, to tear, (a husband,) affix ac; also dārā . dārayati bhrātṝn dṝ-ṇic-dāri karttari ac .

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Dārā (दारा).—f.

(-rā) A wife: see dāra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dara (दर).—i. e. A. dṛ10 + a, I. m., f. , and n. A cave, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 96, 4; Mahābhārata 1, 4651. Ii. m. and n. 1. Cavity, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 24. 2. A shell, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 11, 1. B. dṛ + a, m. and n. Fear, Mahābhārata 5, 4622. C. adj. and indecl., A little, Sāh. D. 41, 18; [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 1, 35.

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Dāra (दार).—i. e. dṛ10 + a, m. 1. A ploughed field, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 38. 2. m. pl. and f. sing. (n., [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 450, but see Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 2173, where v. r.), A wife, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 217; 247; [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 14, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dara (दर).—[adjective] cleaving, rending, opening (—°); °— & [neuter] little, a little. [masculine] a hole in the earth, pit, cavern (also [feminine] ī); fear, terror.

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Dāra (दार).—1. [masculine] ī [feminine] rent, cleft.

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Dāra (दार).—2. [masculine] sgl. & [plural] ([feminine] ā & [neuter] [plural]) wife; dārān kṛ or pra—kṛ take a wife, marry.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dara (दर):—mfn. ([Pāṇini 3-3, 58]) (√dṝ) ifc., cleaving, breaking See puraṃ-dara, bhagaṃ-

2) m. ([gana] ardharcādi, uñchādu) = , [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 96, 4]

3) a conch-shell, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, v f., x; Kramadīpikā]

4) the navel, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

5) ‘stream’ See asṛg-

6) fear, [Mahābhārata v, 4622]

7) n. poison ([varia lectio] dhara), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Dāra (दार):—1. dāra mf(ī)n. (√dṝ) tearing up, rending (cf. bhū-)

9) m. rent, cleft, hole, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa xv, 3, 7] (cf. udara-, karbu-, a-dāra-sṛt)

10) 2. dāra m. [plural] (probably not connected with 1. dāra and √dṝ, but cf. [Pāṇini 3-3, 20], [vArttika] 4) a wife (wives), [Gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (ānkṛ or pra-kṛ, take to wife, marry, [Mahābhārata]; cf. kṛta-)

11) rarely m. sg. ([Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra i, 14, 24; Gautama-dharma-śāstra xxii, 29]) f. sg. ([Bhāgavata-purāṇa vii, 14, ii]) and n. [plural] ([Pañcatantra i, 450]).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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