Bhagana, Bhagaṇa, Bha-gana, Bhāgaṇa: 11 definitions



Bhagana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Bhagaṇa (भगण) refers to one of the eight gaṇas used in Sanskrit metrics (chandas) with which Nañjuṇḍa associated the following:

Gaṇapratīka: Ādiguru;
Devatā: Candra;
Svara: Ṣaḍja;
Varṇa: Śukla;
Gotra: Kāpila;
Rasa: Hāsya;
Phala: Bhavya;
Nakṣatra: Vidhu (Mṛgaśirā);
Yoni: Bhogin (Sarpa);
Rāśi: Vṛśa;
Gaṇa: Sāra (Deva);
Kheṭa: Kavi (Śukra);
Yāma: Saptama;
Vāsa: Kuveradiś (Kuveradik);
Kula: Vaiśya;

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Bhagaṇa (भगण).—The revolution number of a planet, i.e., the number of revolutions that a planet performs around the Earth in a certain period. Note: Bha-gaṇa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhagaṇa.—(IA 19), a bangle. Note: bhagaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhagaṇa (भगण).—m (S bha Constellation or star, gaṇa Multitude). The twelve signs of the zodiac. 2 The starry host. Ex. pari sarvānta śrēṣṭha śrīrāmacandra|| rōhiṇī- vara bhagaṇānta jaisā ||. 3 By metonymy, or from bhāgana. Circuit through the zodiac: also the period occupied.

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bhagana (भगन).—n A constellation or a star. kiṃ ugavatāṃ dina- pati|| bhaganēṃ sarvahī lōpatāta ||.

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bhāgana (भागन).—n S The period occupied by the sun or a planet in passing through the zodiac.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhāgana (भागन).—

1) The period of the sun's passing through the signs of the zodiac.

2) The circumference of a great circle.

Derivable forms: bhāganam (भागनम्).

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Bhagaṇa (भगण).—

1) the group of stars or asterisms.

2) the zodiac.

3) revolution of the planets in the zodiac.

Derivable forms: bhagaṇaḥ (भगणः).

Bhagaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bha and gaṇa (गण). See also (synonyms): bhavarga.

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Bhāgaṇa (भागण).—the whole group of constellations; करालदंष्ट्राभिरुदस्त- भागणम् (karāladaṃṣṭrābhirudasta- bhāgaṇam) Bhāg.4.5.11.

Derivable forms: bhāgaṇaḥ (भागणः).

Bhāgaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhā and gaṇa (गण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhagaṇa (भगण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. The whole multitude of stars. 2. Revolution of the planets in the Zodiac. 3. The Zodiac.

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Bhāgaṇa (भागण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) The whole collection of stars.

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Bhāgana (भागन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. The period, during which the sun passess through the twelve signs of the zodiac, thence by ellipsis, the zodiac. 2. The circumference of a great circle. E. bhāg to divide, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhagaṇa (भगण):—[=bha-gaṇa] [from bha] m. = -cakra, [ib.; Varāha-mihira; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] = next, [Sūryasiddhānta; Varāha-mihira]

3) Bhagana (भगन):—[wrong reading] for bha-gaṇa (See under 4. bha, [column]2).

4) Bhāgaṇa (भागण):—[=bhā-gaṇa] m. = bha-gaṇa (under 4. bha), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāgana (भागन):—(naṃ) 1. n. The period of the sun’s going through the zodiac; circumference of a great circle.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bhagaṇa (भगण):—(1. bha + gaṇa) m. die Schaar der Sterne, - Gestirne, — Nakṣatra, der Zodiakus [Sūryasiddhānta 1, 25. 2, 1. 4. 7. 39. 49. 3, 19. 7, 6. 10, 5. 11, 2. 12, 6. 59. 76. fg. 13, 5. 10.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 5, 4. 6.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 10, 56] (bhagana gedr.). [3, 5, 11.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 17, 14. 19, 19. 29, 40. 5, 23, 3.] Umlauf im Zodiakus [Sūryasiddhānta 1, 26. 27. 29, 34. 35. 39. 40. 44. 53. 55. 2, 5. 4, 2. 12, 4. 50. 81. 82. 14, 20.] — Vgl. bhāgaṇa .

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Bhāgaṇa (भागण):—[(bhā + gaṇa)] m. = bhagaṇa die Schaar der Sterne [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 17. 6. 4, 5, 11. 5, 26, 40.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bhagaṇa (भगण):—m.

1) die Schar der Sterne , — Gestirne , — Mondhäuser , der Zodiakus.

2) der Umlauf im Zodiakus. Auch überh. Umlauf (eines Planeten) [Āryabhaṭa 3,4.]

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Bhagana (भगन):—[Nārada’s Pañcarātra 1,10,5.] fehlerhaft für bhagaṇa.

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Bhāgaṇa (भागण):—m. die Schaar der Sterne.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhagana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bhaganā (भगना):—(v) see [bhāganā].

2) Bhagānā (भगाना):—(v) to drive off; to scare away; to cause to run away; to kidnap; to abduct.

3) Bhāganā (भागना) [Also spelled bhagna]:—(v) to run, to run away; to escape; to flee; to take to heels; to abscond, to give the slip; to make off; to elope (with); [bhāgate bhūta kī laṃgoṭī bhalī] salvage what you can of a bad debt.

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