Bhagana, aka: Bhagaṇa, Bha-gana, Bhāgaṇa; 4 Definition(s)


Bhagana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Bhagana in Chandas glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhagaṇa (भगण) refers to one of the eight gaṇas used in Sanskrit metrics (chandas) with which Nañjuṇḍa associated the following:

Gaṇapratīka: Ādiguru;
Devatā: Candra;
Svara: Ṣaḍja;
Varṇa: Śukla;
Gotra: Kāpila;
Rasa: Hāsya;
Phala: Bhavya;
Nakṣatra: Vidhu (Mṛgaśirā);
Yoni: Bhogin (Sarpa);
Rāśi: Vṛśa;
Gaṇa: Sāra (Deva);
Kheṭa: Kavi (Śukra);
Yāma: Saptama;
Vāsa: Kuveradiś (Kuveradik);
Kula: Vaiśya;

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Bhagaṇa (भगण).—The revolution number of a planet, i.e., the number of revolutions that a planet performs around the Earth in a certain period. Note: Bha-gaṇa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Bhagana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bhagaṇa (भगण).—m (S bha Constellation or star, gaṇa Multitude). The twelve signs of the zodiac. 2 The starry host. Ex. pari sarvānta śrēṣṭha śrīrāmacandra|| rōhiṇī- vara bhagaṇānta jaisā ||. 3 By metonymy, or from bhāgana. Circuit through the zodiac: also the period occupied.

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bhagana (भगन).—n A constellation or a star. kiṃ ugavatāṃ dina- pati|| bhaganēṃ sarvahī lōpatāta ||.

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bhāgana (भागन).—n S The period occupied by the sun or a planet in passing through the zodiac.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhāgana (भागन).—

1) The period of the sun's passing through the signs of the zodiac.

2) The circumference of a great circle.

Derivable forms: bhāganam (भागनम्).

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Bhagaṇa (भगण).—

1) the group of stars or asterisms.

2) the zodiac.

3) revolution of the planets in the zodiac.

Derivable forms: bhagaṇaḥ (भगणः).

Bhagaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bha and gaṇa (गण). See also (synonyms): bhavarga.

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Bhāgaṇa (भागण).—the whole group of constellations; करालदंष्ट्राभिरुदस्त- भागणम् (karāladaṃṣṭrābhirudasta- bhāgaṇam) Bhāg.4.5.11.

Derivable forms: bhāgaṇaḥ (भागणः).

Bhāgaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhā and gaṇa (गण).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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