Avakasa, Avakāśa, Avakāsa, Avakasha: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Avakasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Avakāśa can be transliterated into English as Avakasa or Avakasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Avakāśa (अवकाश).—Occasion; possibility of application; cf. इको गुणवृद्धी इत्यस्यावकाशः। चयनं चायकः लवनं लावकः इति । इहोभयं प्राप्नोति (iko guṇavṛddhī ityasyāvakāśaḥ| cayanaṃ cāyakaḥ lavanaṃ lāvakaḥ iti | ihobhayaṃ prāpnoti) | मेद्यति । मार्ष्टीति । (medyati | mārṣṭīti |) M. Bh. on I.1.3. Vārt. 6.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Avakāśa (अवकाश) is a synonym for Deśa (“region”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands [viz., Avakāśa], soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Avakāśa (अवकाश) refers to “see sāvakāśa.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Avakāśa.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. IV, p. 347, note 5), ‘opportunity for a grammatical rule taking effect’. Note: avakāśa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avakasa in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

avakāsa : (m.) chance; room; opportunity.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Avakāsa, & okāsa (ava + kāś to shine, cp. Sk. avakāśa) 1. “appearance”: akkhuddâvakāso dassanāya not little (or inferior) to behold (of appearance) D. I, 114; ariyāvakāsa appearing noble or having the app. of an Aryan J. V, 87; katâvakāsa put into appearance Vv 229.—2. “opportunity”: kata° given leave D. I, 276 Sn. 1030; anavakāsakārin not giving occasion Miln. 383.—anavakāsa not having a chance or opportunity (to happen), impossible; always in ster. phrase aṭṭhānaṃ etaṃ anavakāso Vin. II, 199; A. I, 26; V, 169; Pug. 11, 12; PvA. 28. (Page 81)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avakāśa (अवकाश).—m (S) Leisure; unoccupied or unpressing time. 2 Space or room. 3 Interval; intermediate space or time; time yet wanting or short of. a0 dharaṇēṃ To wait a while; to stop a little.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

avakāśa (अवकाश).—m Leisure. Interval. Space or rooms.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avakāśa (अवकाश).—1 Occasion, opportunity; ताते चापद्वितीये वहति रणधुरां को भयस्यावकाशः (tāte cāpadvitīye vahati raṇadhurāṃ ko bhayasyāvakāśaḥ) Ve.3.7; उत्तरावकाशमपाहरन्त्या (uttarāvakāśamapāharantyā) K.24,265; साहाय्यदानावकाशः (sāhāyyadānāvakāśaḥ) DK.96; M.3.13; M.2; oft. used with लभ् (labh) in the sense of 'to get an opportunity or scope for action'; लब्धावकाशोऽविध्यन्मां तत्र दग्धो मनोभवः (labdhāvakāśo'vidhyanmāṃ tatra dagdho manobhavaḥ) Ks.1.41.

2) (a) Place, space, room; अवकाशं किलोदन्वान्रामायाभ्यर्थितो ददौ (avakāśaṃ kilodanvānrāmāyābhyarthito dadau) R.4.58; अन्यमवकाशम- वगाहे (anyamavakāśama- vagāhe) V.4; Ms.3.27; यथावकाशं नी (yathāvakāśaṃ nī) to take to its proper place, R.6.14; अस्माकमस्ति न कथांचिदिहावकाशः (asmākamasti na kathāṃcidihāvakāśaḥ) Pt.4.8; अवकाशो विविक्तोऽयं महानद्योः समागमे (avakāśo vivikto'yaṃ mahānadyoḥ samāgame) Rām.; सदोषावकाश इव ते वाक्यशेषः (sadoṣāvakāśa iva te vākyaśeṣaḥ) V.3 your unfinished sentence shows that there is room to find fault. (

1) ) Footing, admission, scope, access, entrance; (chāyā) शुद्धे तु दर्पणतले सुलभावकाशा (śuddhe tu darpaṇatale sulabhāvakāśā) Ś.7.32; oft. used in these senses with लभ् (labh); लब्धावकाशा मे प्रार्थना, लब्धावकाशो मे मनोरथः (labdhāvakāśā me prārthanā, labdhāvakāśo me manorathaḥ) Ś.1; शोकावेगदूषिते मे मनसि विवेक एव नावकाशं लभते (śokāvegadūṣite me manasi viveka eva nāvakāśaṃ labhate) Prab.; also with कृ (kṛ) or दा () 'to make room for', 'admit', 'give way to'; असौ हि दत्त्वा तिमिरावकाशम् (asau hi dattvā timirāvakāśam) Mk.3.6; तस्माद्देयो विपुलमतिभिर्नावकाशोऽधमानाम् (tasmāddeyo vipulamatibhirnāvakāśo'dhamānām) Pt.1.366; शयने दत्तोऽवकाशः (śayane datto'vakāśaḥ) Amaru.21; अदत्तावकाशो मत्सरस्य (adattāvakāśo matsarasya) K.45 not swayed by malice; Ms.9.271; Y.2.276; ददौ च निजचित्तेऽपि सोवकाशं मनोभुवः (dadau ca nijacitte'pi sovakāśaṃ manobhuvaḥ) Ks.2.71; K.132,141,27; Ratn. 2.13; अवकाशं रुध् (avakāśaṃ rudh) to obstruct, hinder or impede; नयनसलिलोत्पीडरुद्धावकाशाम् (nayanasalilotpīḍaruddhāvakāśām) (nidrām) Me.92.

3) Interval, intermediate space or time.

4) An aperture, opening.

5) A glance cast on anything.

6) Name of certain verses during the recitation of which the eyes must be fixed upon certain objects.

Derivable forms: avakāśaḥ (अवकाशः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Avakāśa (अवकाश).—(1) in Sanskrit meaning, room, space, but nt. instead of m., Lalitavistara 367.20 (verse) nābhūd °śam asmin; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 31.4 teṣv °śam asti (or assume m as ‘Hiatus-bridger’?); see also an-avakāśa; (2) appearance, in akṣudrāvakāśa, q.v.; (3) see an-avakāśa, an-okāśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avakāśa (अवकाश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. Leisure, opportunity. 2. Interval, space. 3. An open or wide space. 4. A receptacle, a repository, a place in which any thing is kept. 5. A place, a spot, a situation. E. ava between, &c. kāśa to shine, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avakāśa (अवकाश).—[ava-kāś + a], m. 1. Space, room, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 207. 2. Interval. 3. Opportunity, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 9, 28; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 263 (264), cf. viṣaya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avakāśa (अवकाश).—[masculine] open place, space, room, free course or scope, interval, while, time. opportunity of ([genetive]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avakāśa (अवकाश):—[=ava-kāśa] [from ava-kāś] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) place, space

2) [v.s. ...] room, occasion, opportunity, (avakāsāṃ √1. kṛ or to make room, give way, admit, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.; avakāśaṃlabh or āp, to get a footing, obtain a favourable opportunity, [Śakuntalā] etc.; to find scope, happen take place; avakāśaṃrudh, not to give way, hinder, [Meghadūta]).

3) [v.s. ...] aperture, [Suśruta] (śena [instrumental case] ind. between, [Pbr.])

4) [v.s. ...] intermediate time, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] ‘a glance cast on anything’, Name of certain verses, during the recitation of which the eyes must be fixed on particular objects (which therefore are called avakāśya q.v.), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avakāśa (अवकाश):—[ava-kāśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. Leisure.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Avakāśa (अवकाश):—(von kāś mit ava) m.

1) ein auf Etwas gerichteter Blick, techn. Bezeichnung einiger Sprüche, bei deren Recitation auf gewisse Gegenstände geblickt wird. [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 5, 6, 1. 14, 1, 4, 1. 2, 2, 51.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 9, 7, 9.] die hierzu Zuzulassenden heissen avakāśya [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 9, 8, 16. 12, 5, 11. 26, 7, 52]; die nicht Zugelassenen anavakāśita [Harisvāmin] zu [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 5, 6, 5.] —

2) Platz, Raum, Gelegenheit [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 120.] avakāśeṣu cokṣeṣu nadītīreṣu caiva hi . vivikteṣu ca tuṣyanti dattena pitaraḥ sadā .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 207.] avakāśo vivikto yaṃ mahānadyoḥ samāgame [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 54, 21. 5, 15, 12.] [Suśruta 1, 33, 17. 326, 11.] [Vikramorvaśī 62, 15.] mahāvakāśa geräumig, weit [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 24.] yathāvakāśam adv. nach Verhältniss des Raumes [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 15, 2.] yathāvakāśaṃ nī an seinen Platz bringen [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 14.] asmākamasti na kathaṃcidihāvakāśaḥ [Pañcatantra IV, 9] (vgl. [Sāhityadarpana 43, 19. fgg.]). avakāśo na śāntvasya rākṣaseṣviha dṛśyate .. na dānasya na bhedasya naiva yuddhasya dṛśyate . gatiratra caturṇāṃ hi vānarāṇāṃ mahātmanām .. [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 9, 28. 29.] supi cetyasyāvakāśaḥ . vṛkṣābhyām die Regel supi ca findet Anwendung in dem Beispiele vṛ (vgl. anavakāśa und [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 1,] [Scholiast]) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 2, Scholiast] tato na nyūnatvaśaṅkāvakāśaḥ [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 14, 3.] avakāśaṃ kar oder Platz machen, Raum geben, Einlass geben: udyamāya ha tamavakāśaṃ karoti [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 8, 5, 1, 13.] tathāparasmā avakāśaṃ na karoti [13, 8, 1, 19. 20. 3, 12. 10, 2, 2, 7.] bhāṇḍāvakāśada (Räubern) [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 271. 278.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 276.] śayane datto vakāśaḥ [Amaruśataka 18.] [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 58.] tasmāddeyo vipulamatibhirnāvakāśo dhamānām [Pañcatantra I, 410.] dadau ca nijacitte pi so vakāśaṃ manobhuvaḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 20, 71.] asau hi dattvā timirāvakāśam (der Finsterniss Einlass gebend) astaṃ vrajatyunnatakoṭirinduḥ [Mṛcchakaṭikā 44, 22.] avakāśapradāna [Garbhopaniṣad] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 66.] avakāśaṃ labh Platz finden, festen Fuss gewinnen, eine günstige Aussicht, Gelegenheit erlangen: chāyā na mūrchati malopahataprasāde śuddhe tu darpaṇatale sulabhāvakāśā [Śākuntala 191.] labdhāvakāśo me manorathaḥ [15, 10.] labdhāvakāśā me prārthanā [17, 14.] śokāvegadūṣite me manasi viveka eva nāvakāśaṃ labhate [Prabodhacandrodaja 91, 17.] labdhāvakāśastasya (ihm beizukommen) abhūt [Kathāsaritsāgara 5, 108.] labdhāvakāśo vidhyanmāṃ (so ist zu lesen) tatra dagdho manobhavaḥ [1, 41.] auch avakāśamāp [24, 227.] avakāśaṃ rudh keinen Raum geben, hindern, hemmen: nidrām nayanasalilotpīḍaruddhāvakāśām [Meghadūta 88.] —

3) Zwischenraum, Oeffnung [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 189.] [Suśruta 1, 359, 13. 2, 80, 12.] īṣadavakāśaṃ gatvā zur Erkl. von stokamantarā gatvā [Scholiast] zu [Śākuntala 8, 9.] —

4) Zwischenzeit: atha yānyūrdhvāni krayādahāni tasminnavakāśe dhvaryuragniṃ cenoti [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 2, 2, 29.] — Vgl. abhyavakāśa, abhrāvakāśika, abhrāvakāśin .

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Avakaśa (अवकश):—das Herableuchten: nakṣatrāṇāmavakāśena puṇḍarīkaṃ jāyate [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 18, 9, 6.] —

2) (anayoḥ stanayoḥ) avakāśo na paryāptastava bāhulatāntare kein Platz, kein Raum für [Spr. 3451.] ākāśamavakāśapradāne [Oxforder Handschriften 225,a,8 v. u.] tamasāmavakāśāya damit die Finsterniss Platz greifen könne [Spr. 1588.] na dhvāntamantarbhavane vakāśaṃ karoti [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43, 33.] Gelegenheit so v. a. Musse [2879.]

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Avakāśa (अवकाश):—

2) saṃprāpya mūḍhabuddhīnāmavakāśam Gelegenheit ihnen beizukommen [Spr. (II) 6886.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Avakāśa (अवकाश):—m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) —

1) freier Platz , Raum , Stelle.

2) Zwischenraum. avakāśena dazwischen [Tāṇḍyabrāhmaṇa 18,9,6.] —

3) Zwischenzeit.

4) Platz für , Gelegenheit zu (Gen.). kāśaṃ kar oder Platz machen , Raum — , Gelegenheit geben , Einlass gewähren (mit Dat. und Gen.). kāśaṃ labh oder āp (mit und ohne Präp.) Platz — , Gelegenheit finden , sich Eingang zu verschaffen wissen. kāśaṃ rudh hemmen , hindern.

5) freie Zeit , Musse [Indische sprüche 6240.] —

6) Bez. gewisser Sprüche , bei deren Recitation auf gewisse Gegenstände geblickt wird.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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